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Reports from the Indian Maoist Insurgency

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Q&A: The Future of India’s Maoist Movement

 

July, 2011

 

By Krishna Pokharel

 

OB-OS270_ibook0_DV_20110713090212.jpg

Photo courtesy Westland Limited

 

 

The book is the latest account of a movement that the Indian government sees as one of the greatest threats to national security.

 

Rahul Pandita’s “Hello, Bastar: The Untold Story of India’s Maoist Movement,” looks at the evolution of the rebel group over the past ten years from a ground-level perspective. The book is the latest account of a movement that the Indian government sees as one of the greatest threats to national security. The focus is on Bastar, a region in India’s state of Chhattisgarh that has become the center stage of the struggle between the government and Maoist rebels. India Real Time talked to Mr. Pandita, a reporter at Open magazine, ahead of the book’s formal launch Thursday.

 

Edited excerpts:

IRT: What major changes have you noticed in the Maoist rebellion between 1998, when you started covering it, and today?

 

Mr. Pandita: I think it has increased from strength to strength. They have expanded. Now they have a very well-trained and highly motivated army of over 10,000 men and women called the PLGA, the People’s Liberation Guerilla Army. Apart from these soldiers, they also have a secondary or “base” force. Some of them carry rudimentary weapons, and others traditional weapons like bows and arrows. In Dantewada [a district in Chhattisgarh], last year, for example, they ambushed a patrol party in which 75 policemen were killed. There were about 200 Maoists attacking. In a typical formation of 200 Maoists, about 60-70 would be hardcore soldiers from the PLGA; the rest of them will be from the secondary force. Once the CRPF personnel or soldiers are dominated, they will go and snatch weapons. So in terms of weapons, in terms of training and in terms of overall expansion, they have gained a lot.

 

IRT: The Supreme Court recently ruled that the state of Chhattisgarh has to stop using young tribal villagers as ad hoc police officers, known as Special Police Officers, in its fight against the Maoist movement. What impact do you think the court’s order will have on the government’s ability to quell the Maoist insurgency?

 

Mr. Pandita: It’s a very tricky question. It’s not a black and white situation, there are shades of grey, obviously. There are about 40,000 SPOs all over India. These are ordinary tribals between the ages of 18 and 25. They have been very poorly trained and they get a stipend of 3,000 rupees every month. They lead a police party to some villages where a lot of atrocities, a lot of human rights violations take place. In March this year, when these SPOs entered three villages of Dantewada, they burnt to ashes hundreds of huts, killed three civilians and sexually assaulted three women. After the Supreme Court order, these guys will have to be disarmed. Once they are disarmed, the state will have no policy on how to deal with them, on how to rehabilitate them. So they are virtually at the mercy of the Maoists. Once they go back to their villages, they risk being slaughtered. The responsibility now lies with the government to make sure that these SPOs are rehabilitated some way or another.

As far as their not being on the ground to assist regular police, I think to some extend it will affect anti-Maoist operations. That’s because an ordinary CRPF soldier [Central Reserve Police Force, typically deployed in insurgency-hit areas] who is coming from outside, has really no idea about the terrain. The motivation level is absolutely zero as opposed to a Maoist guerilla soldier who knows that area and the terrain like the back of his hand.

 

IRT: Why did the Maoists choose Bastar as the epicenter of their movement?

 

Mr. Pandita: They had a senior Maoist leader called Kondapalli Seetharamaiah who is a founder of what was then [in the early 1980s] known as the People’s War Group, which merged with another group called Maoist Communist Centre in 2004 to form what is now known as the CPI (Maoist). Kondapalli Seetharamaiah’s daughter and son-in-law were doctors at All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi and they used to occasionally travel to Bastar to treat patients. They told Kondapalli Seetharamaiah about this area and that’s when it struck him that it could become an ideal base thanks to the thick jungle cover. If you are not familiar with the terrain, you will be lost. And it was very close to the state of Andhra Pradesh, which is where Kondapalli Seetharamaiah was from.

 

IRT: You met senior Maoist leaders including their head, Muppalla Lakshmana Rao, better known as Ganapathy, while you were writing the book. How was your interaction with him?

 

Mr. Pandita: Ganapathy is a verycharismatic leader. He is from Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh, from a village called Beerpur. He holds a degree in science and another in education. He was a science teacher before he became involved with the movement. He was a very close associate ofKondapalli Seetharamaiah. I had a very brief chance to meet him and it happened by accident. I was traveling in that area and it so happened that he was also traveling there. I had to walk for days before I got to meet him. We had a meeting that lasted just a few hours. His core vision is to bring about a revolution and to create a state within the state.

 

IRT: What do you think is the best way for the Indian government to deal with the Maoist movement?

 

Mr. Pandita: It took many many years for the government of India to very reluctantly accept the fact that the Maoist insurgency is not just a law and order problem but a socio-economic concern. But while on the one hand they have accepted it, on the ground nothing has changed. The answer is to promote development. If the government thinks that it can be controlled by sheer force, by putting a hundred thousand men on the ground, this problem will never go away – even if the whole Maoist leadership is eliminated. It’s an issue that concerns the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.

 

IRT: What’s the future of the Maoist movement in India?

 

Mr. Pandita: I think it’s going to expand because of the kind of policies we have in these areas. On one hand, you have hundrends of thousands of tons of wheat and other food grains rotting in government godowns. As long as people keep on dying of hunger, as long as their lands are taken away, as long as they are displaced and their lives are destroyed; it’s only going to expand.

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I think this is the singal most significant anti-imperialist/anti-capitalist struggle in the world at the minute. The soon to be world's most populous country and 1/3 of it is under the control of a revolutionary movement.

 

Now, while the region unfortunately has a long history of Marxist, Maoist and other left wing groups being absorbed into the mainstream (many of the states in Eastern India have nominal Communist State governments), the poor of the third world really do have nothing to lose. And for this reason, they have the most revolutionary potential. If workers in the West lose their solidarity with these workers/peasant revolutions, then they lose their claim to be truly revolutionary.

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I think this is the singal most significant anti-imperialist/anti-capitalist struggle in the world at the minute. The soon to be world's most populous country and 1/3 of it is under the control of a revolutionary movement.

 

Now, while the region unfortunately has a long history of Marxist, Maoist and other left wing groups being absorbed into the mainstream (many of the states in Eastern India have nominal Communist State governments), the poor of the third world really do have nothing to lose. And for this reason, they have the most revolutionary potential. If workers in the West lose their solidarity with these workers/peasant revolutions, then they lose their claim to be truly revolutionary.

 

I really believe this to be the case. As a Revoluntionary Movement in Ireland, we must make every effort to forge the closest links possible with our comrades in the Third World.

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http://southasiarev.wordpress.com/2012/01/31/india-militant-worker-uprisings/#more-12818

 

 

 

India Factory Workers Revolt, Kill Company President

 

by Kenneth Rapoza

January 27, 2012

Workers at the Regency Ceramics factory in India raided the home of their boss, and beat him senseless with lead pipes after a wage dispute turned ugly.

The workers were enraged enough to kill Regency’s president K. C. Chandrashekhar after their union leader, M. Murali Mohan, was killed by baton-wielding riot police on Thursday. The labor violence occurred in Yanam, a small city in Andra Pradesh state on India’s east coast. Police were called to the factory by management to quell a labor dispute. The workers had been calling for higher pay and reinstatement of previously laid off workers since October. Murali was fired a few hours after the police left the factory.

 

The next morning, at 06:00 on Friday, Murali went to the factory along with some workers and tried to obstruct the morning shift, local media reported. Long batons, known as lathis in India, were used by police who charged the workers, injuring at least 20 of them, including Murali. He died on the way to hospital, according to The Times of India. Hundreds of workers gathered outside the police station and demanded that officers be charged with homicide.

 

Curfew and other civil orders were imposed in Yanam because of the uprising that ultimately lead to the murder of the Regency president a few hours after being attacked with led pipes. Police reported that rioters also torched several vehicles outside the police station. Eight Regency Ceramics workers were injured in police firing that followed; the condition of two of them is critical. More than 100 protesters have been arrested.

 

India’s factory workers are the lowest paid within the big four emerging markets. Per capita income in India is under $4,000 a year, making it the poorest country in the BRICs despite its relatively booming economy.

 

At Regency Ceramics, workers went on strike Jan. 1 over the wage dispute. The management had reportedly decided to slap a restraining order on five workers and managed to obtain an order from a high court saying that the striking workers should not come within 220 yards, more than the size of two football fields, from the factory.

Once news of Murali’s death spread, the factory workers allegedly destroyed 50 company cars, buses and trucks and lit them on fire. They ransacked the factory. Residents joined hands with around 600 workers, while others were enroute to Chandrashekhar’s house.

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The Rise of the Maoist Communist Party, Manipur

 

 

A couple of years ago I asked Tariq Ali at a public event to speak about Indian imperialism and the role that it played in the region. Tariq Ali balked at the question and did not answer it, and thus one of the most articulate Leftist and well-known commentators from South-Asia missed an opportunity to explain to his North American audiences some of the most important, yet underreported and under-discussed, trends in the last 50 years i.e. the rise and shape of Indian expansionism and imperialism. Indian expansion and imperialism has taken shape in two forms, the production of a classical political-economic dependency on the Indian State and economy by surrounding countries like Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh (with Pakistan as a perennial “external threat”) and the construction of internal colonies like Manipur, Nagaland and Kashmir.

 

The Nepalese revolutionary Left has recognized this relationship for many years, even Dr. Baburam Bhattarai has penned papers on the question and has referred to the process as the “Bhutanization of Nepal”, and has emphasized the need to resist it, especially in economic matters like the unfair allocation of power from Nepalese dam projects or political matters like the influence the Indian government has over the Nepalese Army.

 

543px-India_Manipur_locator_map.svg.png

 

 

 

Similarly, the Kashmiri independence movement, which is perhaps the best known national liberation movement in the region (which is not saying much as most of the international Left neither knows much about their struggle nor seems to care, despite the tireless work of public intellectuals like Arundhati Roy to publicize the issue) and is one of the world’s longest military occupations has similarly highlighted the issue of Indian imperialism/expansion for over 60 years. The Manipuri people, despite their heroic struggle against Indian internal colonialism, unfortunately have gotten nearly no press in international circles and remain largely an invisible people with an invisible movement.

 

Thus, it was with great surprise and joy that anti-imperialists around the world came to know of the 1st political conference of the the Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist) and the adoption of a new party program (available here). The Party also decided, in order to reflect its new political program, to rename itself the Maoist Communist Party, Manipur, and has almost immediately worried security officials in India (see “KCP’s Ultra-left Turn Worries Manipur” copied below). Indeed, in a short period of time the Maoist Communist Party, Manipur has been able to emerge as a significant force and was able to enforce a peaceful 12 hour general strike to protest the disappearance of a RPF/PLA comrade today. The general strike saw cars and buses off the streets, and many public and private offices closed (see “KCP general strike ends peacefully, paralyses normal life in state” copied below).

 

However, I feel it is important to place these development in Manipur in an historical context. In 1949 the Indian government annexed the princely state of Manipur (Manipur had been declared an independent state in 1947, like Kashmir) and declared it part and parcel of an unified India. Interestingly it was on October 29th 1948 that Com. Irabot, a communist who had won a seat in the independent Manipur Assembly, formed the first Manipur Communist Party and its armed wing the Manipur Red Guards, rather than join the Communist Party of India – Manipur State committee (indeed, the KCP(Maoist) identifies itself as being part of this tradition in the Manipur communist movement, rather than being part of the traditional Indian communist tradition that has largely emphasized electoral activity and has underemphasized the right of self-determination for oppressed nationalities). In 1956 Manipur was “granted” the status of a “union territory” and was only given “statehood” in 1972 as a means to placate the Manipuri people. However, like the people of Kashmir, the people of Manipur have never recognized the central Indian government as their true representatives and have consistently fought against Indian imperialism.

 

The movement for Manipuri national liberation first took a clear political shape in 1964 with the formation of the United National Liberation Front, but the UNLF at this time did not place much emphasis on the armed movement. In the early 1970′s because of the Bangladesh war for independence a number of Manipuri activists and leaders, including UNLF leader N. Bisheswar Singh and his associates, ended up prison especially in Tripura, where they came into contact with Naxalite prisoners who also were being arrested at the time. This had a profound influence on the movement as a number of key leaders were released from prison in the mid 1970′s with a new ideology, Mao Zedong Thought and the military strategy of Protracted People’s War. On September 25th, 1978 N. Bisheswar Singh and his associates formed the People’s Liberation Army, although it must be noted that unlike other Mao-inspired organizations it did not form a political wing, the Revolutionary People’s Front, until 1989 (N. Bishewar Singh has now been declared an enemy of the people for his anti-people activities in recent years).

 

Almost a year earlier, on October 9th 1977, R.K. Tulachandra along with S. Wanglen, Achamba, Tajila, Meiraba, Meipaksana, Y. Ibohanbi and Paliba formed the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK). Com. Y. Ibohanbi however led a split from PREPAK to form the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP) on April 13th, 1980. Yet, it must be noted that until 1992 the PLA was regarded to be the largest armed left-wing organization and overshadowed both the PREPAK and the KCP. Indeed, the death of Tulacandra in 1985 resulted in the fracturing of PREPAK into numerous smaller factions, some of which merged with the UNLF and the PLA/RPF. It was only with the formation of the Revolutionary Joint Committee by the PLA, a then recently reunified PREPAK and KCP in 1992 did the PREPAK and KCP become significant forces in the armed movement. In 1995 the death of Com. Ibohanbi, during a military encounter, resulted in the fracturing of the KCP into a number of competing factions. Many of these factions would unify in 2006 to form the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP) due to the fact that their factional strife in the preceding years had caused them to lose support from the mass majority of the people, although several other factions remained outside their fold.

 

In 2009 a group of Manipuri comrades unified to form the Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist). This new organization argued that it was not part of the KCP, although it did identify itself as being part of the revolutionary tradition that began in 1948 and the Manipur Communist Party and was reignited in 1980 with the formation of the KCP, but rather was a completely new organization that represented a new Manipuri communist movement. The KCP(Maoist)/Maoist Communist Party, Manipur in the past 2 years has been involved in a number of ambushes and attacks on police and military forces and has quickly become one of the most important armed groups in Manipur, as can be seen from the fact that they were able to hold this successful general strike. Since 2009 the KCP(Maoist)/Maoist Communist Party, Manipur has allied itself with the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in the armed struggle against Indian imperialism and semi-feudalism.

KCP general strike ends peacefully; paralyses normal life in state

 

IMPHAL, Sept 21: The 12 hours statewide general strike called by the proscribed KCP (Moist) against the enforced disappearance of assistant publicity secretary of the under ground RPF/PLA, Gurumayum Jiteshwar Sharma alias GM Changjou alias Gypsy of Nagamapal Singjubung Leirak seriously affected the normal business in the state today.

 

The KCP (Moist) had called a statewide general strike from 5am this morning till 5pm in the evening after taking serious count of the failure of the authority concerned to officially declare the whereabouts of the 49 years old RPF leader GM Changjou who was reportedly wisked away from his rented house near SM College in Dimapur by army personnel in civvies on August 18 evening at around 7pm.

 

All markets, shops and business establishment and the educational institutions located in the four valley districts of the state remain close during the general strike and there were reports of minimum turn out of the employees in all major departments of the state today.

 

Besides, the general strike also cause serious impact in the hill districts of the state due to the stoppage of the all forms of transport systems along the inter district roads.

 

However there has been no reports of any unwanted incidents during the general strike even as an extensive security preventive measure have been enforced by deploying maximum police and VDF forces at all strategic points in the state.

 

All cdo teams were also put on patrol duties along various vulnerable areas to prevent any untoward incident during the general strike.

 

It may be mentioned, The JAC which was formed in connection with enforced disappearance and arbitrary detention of assistant publicity secretary of the under ground RPF/PLA, Gurumayum Jiteshwar Sharma alias GM Changjou alias Gypsy of Nagamapal Singjubung Leirak have submitted their memorandum to the Chief Minister O Ibobi Singh on August 28 demanding an initiative from the government in finding his whereabouts and thereafter the JAC had called a 24 hours general strike from the midnight of September 1 till midnight of September 2, after the concern authority had failed to fulfill the demands of the JAC.

 

 

KCP’s ultra-Left turn worries Manipur

 

 

KOLKATA: Since the Eighties, the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP) has been waging a bloody struggle for a sovereign Manipur. Of late, a faction of the outfit has embraced Maoist ideology to carry on its armed movement like the ultra-Left wing guerrillas are doing in states such as Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal.

 

A faction of the outfit, known as KCP (Maoist), has not only rechristened itself as the Maoist Communist Party of Manipur, but has also revised its “constitution” on the lines of the Marixist-Leninist-Maoist school of thoughts. In a statement issued recently, the outfit said the decision was taken during its first conference at some unidentified location in the northeastern state.

 

 

During its formative years, the KCP under the leadership of Ibohanbi and Ibopishak had decided to follow the communist ideology. But with the passage of time and the death of the two leaders, the outfit split into many factions. Police sources in Imphal indicated the existence of about dozen of them – the KCP-City Meitei, the KCP-Prithvi, the KCP-Mangang, the KCP- Military Council, the KCP-Maoist, the KCP-Lamphel, the KCP – Sunil Meitei, the KCP-Mobile Task Force, the KCP-Lamyanba Khuman, the KCP-Loyallakpa and the KCP-Noyon.

 

 

The KCP (Lalumba) has already signed an agreement on the suspension of operations with the Manipur government for starting peace talks.

 

 

In a signed document, W Malemnganba Meitei, spokesperson of the newly-floated Maoist Communist Party of Manipur, said, “Our immediate aim is to carry on a new democratic revolution in Manipur to establish a communist society through armed revolutionary war. We will carry out the Protracted People’s War by joining hands with other Maoist revolutionary parties.”

 

 

Security forces, though, said the group was floated to protect the Meiteis and its activities would be confined mainly in the valleys of the state.

 

 

Owing to the factional feuds, the KCP lost its stronghold in Imphal valley. This prompted leaders of KCP factions going for unification drive. Some KCP cadres got unified and held a convention in 2009. It was during this convention that the outfit reconstituted its central committee. While Marx Ningshen was made its president, the charge of the outfit’s publicity wing was given to W Malemnganba Meitei. Immediately after this, they called itself the KCP (Maoist) and denied any relationship with other KCP splinter groups.

 

 

Documents and press statements issued by the KCP (Maoist) suggested that since 2009, the outfit started maintaining close links with the banned CPI (Maoist). In November 2010, KCP (Maoists) issued a statement pledging support to the Indian Maoists like some other Manipuri outfits.

 

 

“The Maoists are now closely associated with two Manipur-based outfits – the Peoples Liberation Army (Manipur) and the now-disbanded KCP (Maoists),” said an intelligence officer.

 

 

Security agencies believe that a senior CPI (Maoist) politburo member -probably somebody in the second in command – has been assigned to maintain liason with the Maoist Communist Party of Manipur. The apparent aim is to set up base in this part of the country. The senior Maoist is also reportedly in charge of maintaining relations with Bangladesh-based Maoist outfits.

 

 

Sources in security agencies said “Following this development, Indian Maoists might now find it easy to set up bases in the northeast, a region that has always been in the news for insurgency and cessationist movements. They might also use the northeast as a conduit to move on to Bangladesh, Myanmar and other South-East Asian countries,” a source said.

 

 

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Roadside bomb attributed to Indian Maoists kills 11 policemen

 

 

By REUTERS

 

Published: Mar 27, 2012 17:15 Updated: Mar 27, 2012 17:15

 

NEW DELHI: A roadside bomb triggered by suspected Maoist guerrillas killed 11 policemen and injured 29 in a remote part of the western Indian state of Maharashtra on Tuesday, police said, in the latest show of the rebels’ strength.

 

 

Also known as Naxals, the Maoists have battled the government for decades in a huge swathe of central India and say they are fighting for people left out of a long economic boom in Asia’s third largest economy.

 

The government considers them India’s biggest internal security threat.

 

The personnel from the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)were traveling on a bus clearing mines in a forested region known for Maoist activity when the blast hit, a police spokesman said.

 

“They were part of a road opening party, clearing the path of mines and other obstacles before an operation, and unfortunately they got tangled up in this,” the spokesman said.

 

The injured and dead were evacuated by helicopter to a nearby town, Gadchiroli, about 1000 km (600 miles) east of Mumbai, India’s financial hub and the capital of Maharashtra. Television reports earlier said 15 policemen had died in a blast attributed to a land mine.

 

On Sunday, a different group of Maoists in the eastern state of Orissa released an Italian tourist they had held hostage for nearly two weeks, in what was believed to be the first kidnapping of foreigners in the conflict. Another Italian and a local politician were still being held.

 

The government says the fighters are an obstacle to higher growth and more jobs. Hundreds die annually in the conflict, although levels of violence have fallen in recent years.

 

 

http://arabnews.com/world/article598944.ece

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Victims of Maoist Witch-Hunt Detained and Tortured in Prison

 

 

http://naxalrevolution.blogspot.ie/2012/06/victims-of-maoist-witch-hunt-detained.html

 

 

 

The ongoing witch-hunt to brand marginalized communities in the state of Jharkhand as 'violent insurgents' has reached the doorstep of two more innocent tribals. They were father and son, a farmer and a young college student.

 

When questioned both denied any connections with the Maoists stating that "we have never seen or spoken to them." Their appeals, however, fell on the deaf ears of the state police. They were placed in a lock up for over 45 hrs. They were abused and beaten.

 

 

 

 

 

Jetha Manda and his son Birsa Tutti of Deyo village of Kunti district, Jharkhand (naxalite affected area) were arrested and beaten by the police on February 1, 2012, for the "alleged crime" of aiding and abetting the insurgent group known as the Maoists by serving food to them.

 

The arrest caused uproar in the village. The people were growing increasingly tired of the state and police oppression and called a village meeting known as a Gram Sabha where the villagers decided to join hands, speak out and protest. Around a 100 men and women of the village walked to the police station. They demanded that Jetha and Birsa be freed. They had the law on their side, which clearly states that No accused can be in police custody for more than twenty four hours without an inquiry being done. Community Correspondent Amita Tutti who made a video on the violation says that the inquiry was only done much after the stipulated 24 hours during which Jetha and Birsa had already been beaten mercilessly and heinously.

 

When Amita subsequently questioned the constables about the accused being kept in custody, the police constable replied that "they have been brought in only for enquiry" and that "rules that are written on paper cannot possibly be followed in practice". It was almost two days later that the two broken men were released.

 

Such detentions are a common in Jharkhand were thousands of people are being held illegally.

 

Community correspondent says: Amita Tutti is a 25 year old social worker from Setavara village in Kunthi district. She is a single woman who belongs to the Munda tribal community. She has dedicated her life to working for tribal rights and works as a Block Co-ordinator with an NGO named Jharkhand Jungle Bachao Andolan.

 

Whenever villager been taken by the police, Amita organizes other women in the village to collectively rush to the station to question the constables. She has seen approximately 100 villagers been taken to the police station and beaten up as they were suspected of being naxalites themselves or supporting the naxlites in any way. A Gram Sabha is organized so the villagers themselves can try to find out if the victim is guilty.

 

She says, "Due to this unfair and brutal harassment towards innocent villagers, youngsters are bound to hold guns in their hand and fight against this injustice. If this harassment stops, Sevatara will be a better place for us."

 

Amita says that it was the people's efforts that freed both the father as well as the son. Today they are no longer harassed but the trauma of that incident still prevails.

 

For more information visit :

 

http://indiaunheard.videovolunteers.org/amita/victims-of-maoist-witch-hunt-detained-and-tortured-in-prison/

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Monday, July 16, 2012

 

 

Observe Martyrs Week From July 28 to August 3 2012 !

 

 

 

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COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)

 

DANDAKARANYA SPECIAL ZONAL COMMITTEE

 

June 10, 2012

 

Observe Martyrs Week From July 28 to August 3!

 

Red Homage to Our Party's Fore-founders and Beloved Teachers Comrades Charu Mazumdar and Kanhai Chatterjee!

 

Let's rededicate ourselves to fulfill the cherished dreams of thousands of martyrs including Comrades Ramji, Shrikant, Sheshanna, Suneeta, Ranita, Sukku, Mahesh, Mangli, Paklu, Pramod and Shivaji!

 

July 28 has a special significance in the history of Indian Revolution. Comrade Charu Mazumdar and Comrade Kanhai Chatterjee, who broke the backs of the revisionism deep-rooted for decades in the Indian Communist Movement and established the path of protracted people's war for the Indian Revolution, emerged as the founder-leaders of CPI (Maoist). On this day in 1972, Comrade Charu Mazumdar succumbed to police torture. In the path directed by these two great comrades, the Indian Revolution is marching forward unabatedly for the last 45 years facing many upheavals, defeats and setbacks. Even if it faced setback at one place, by gaining strength in other places, it stood as a ray of hope for all the oppressed masses of entire country. This 45-year bloodstained history contains invaluable sacrifices of more than 15 thousand martyrs. By virtue of these sacrifices, revolutionary movement has been advancing raising the slogan `Naxalbari Ek Hi Rasta', with the aim of building liberated areas through area-wise seizure of political power. July 28 is an important day to commemorate the sacrifices of all the martyrs and to rededicate ourselves to fulfill their cherished dreams.

 

In the last one year, nearly 150 comrades have sacrificed their lives all over the country. Forty of them are from Dandakaranya (DK). These martyrs include higher leadership comrades, party members, PLGA commanders, red fighters, mass organization activists, revolutionary people's committee representatives and revolutionary masses. Many of these have lost their lives in fake encounters carried out by government mercenary forces while others have laid down their lives fighting heroically with the enemy forces. Few of them have lost their lives due to illness and in accidents. On the occasion of July 28, let's commemorate each and every martyr and pledge to fight relentlessly to fulfill their dream of building a new democratic India free of all forms of exploitation and oppression.

 

On November 24, 2011, in Burishole jungles of West Bengal, police and paramilitary forces carried out a covert operation and killed Party's politburo member and dynamic mass leader Comrade Mallojula Koteswarlu (Ramji/Kishenji) in a most inhuman manner. For the last 38 years, Comrade Ramji carried out various responsibilities at different areas all over the country in the revolutionary movement. From the days of Jagityal `Jaitrayatra' to of late Jungalmahal mass movement, he led various mass struggles. From 1987 to 1993, he was instrumental in leading the movement in Dandakaranya. After many foul plays to assassinate him, enemy at the end succeeded in it. With the revolutionary spirit of Comrade Ramji, by intensifying mass struggles and people's war we can create many more great leaders like him.

 

DK special zonal committee member Comrade Harak (Shrikant) passed away on February 26, 2012 due to serious illness. Comrade Harak had joined the Party in 1993. From 1998 onwards, he took responsibilities of the movement in Gadchiroli district and played a key role in it. In spite of serious heart ailment, he insisted to be among the people to carry out mass work incessantly. In the end, he lost his life amidst the downtrodden. By traversing firmly in his path, we can create millions of successors of the revolution.

 

On March 18, North Telangana movement has lost another great leader. SZCM Comrade Gundeti Shankar (Sheshanna) lost his life due to snake bite. Revolution is not a feast. It's a bloody and tough class war full of dangers, difficulties and constraints. For the last 30 years, Comrade Sheshanna as a true mass leader strived firmly with determination for the cause of revolution. The Telangana soil would keep giving birth to many more great revolutionaries like Comrade Sheshanna.

Senior Party activist Comrade Suneeta (Swaroopa) also lost her life on March 18, 2012 due to breast cancer. As an ideal communist she held the revolutionary flag aloft for 30 years. She stands as a real role model for the present generations who stood strong in the revolution till her last breath.

 

On August 20, 2011, Gadchiroli's Makadchuvva village witnessed an unprecedented event in the contemporary history. Comrade Ramko Hichami (Ranita) alone courageously fought the enemy encirclement of hundreds of forces and thus added a new chapter in it. This heroic woman guerilla killed three CoBRA/C-60 commandos and seriously injured four others before achieving the martyrdom. Comrade Ranita's bravery and sacrifice always be inspiring to all the fighters of PLGA.

 

On January 27, 2012, DVCM Comrade Mangu Paddam (Sukku) laid down his life while fighting the enemy forces heroically at Raigarh district in Chhattisgarh. On October 11, 2011, in a daring ambush carried out by PLGA on the enemy forces near Netanar village, Kanger valley LGS commander comrade Mahesh laid down his precious life fighting ferociously. On August 16, 2011, in East Bastar division, at Tirka village Comrades Badru, Gopi and Akash sacrificed their lives in a daring resistance. Unable to face them, showing cowardice enemy burnt the house in which the red fighters got trapped. On March 26, 2012, in a PLGA ambush at Bhejji, Comrades Mangli and Paklu martyred fighting gallantly with the enemy forces. On May 16, 2012, on the occasion of `Bharat Bandh', Comrade Shivaji, PPCM of COY-9, lost his life in an enemy attack at midnight near Bhairamgarh. West Bastar division action team commander Comrade Pramod lost his life in attempt on the life of a notorious enemy of the people, Rajkumar Tamo. Comrade Govind, area committee member of National Park area lost his life with snake bite. Many more comrades have laid down their lives fighting with the cruel enemy. Madkami Maasa, Podiyami Masa, Nengi Yadav, Dunga Dhurwa and other unarmed people succumbed to fake encounters and unabated violence perpetrated by the police and paramilitary forces.

 

 

Dear People and Comrades!

 

Today the ruling classes with the sole aim of wiping out the Maoist movement are carrying out a countrywide cruel war in the name of Operation Green Hunt (OGH). In this war, in addition to the deployment of hundreds of thousands of paramilitary forces, deployment of Army has also been commenced now. On the pretext of `training' Army has stepped into Bastar region. Actually the aim of this war is not just to suppress the Maoist movement, but to suppress all movements and forces which come in the way and form an obstacle for handing over the country's resources to foreign capitalists and corporate houses. In Dandakaranya and in some other places in the country, denouncing the fake development model of the ruling classes, the real people-centered development schemes have come forward as an alternative. The progress and growth of this alternative has become unacceptable to the ruling classes and their imperialist masters. That's why they are hurrying to end this war by putting every effort at their disposal. Worldwide imperialist economic crisis is also hastening them up to end this war quickly. That's why they are indulging in barbarism, mindless violence and massacres. As a part of this only, they are eliminating the revolutionaries and the leaders of the revolutionary movement.

 

Repression always leads to revolution is a historical truth. Ideas cannot be wiped out by killing people. The exploitative ruling classes of the country are getting exposed day by day. The issues of hunger, poverty, unemployment, corruption, scams, price-hike, displacement etc. are making people restless. None of the parliamentary political parties has any credibility in the eyes of the people. In this context, the fact is that the Maoist People's War which is marching ahead with matchless sacrifices and heroic struggles, stands as a great inspiration to the toiling masses of the country. With the aim to spread this inspiration further, let's commemorate Martyrs' week from July 28 to August 3. Let's pledge to expand the people's war across the length and breadth of the country and to intensify the guerilla war by safeguarding the Party.

 

Let's decorate martyrs' columns built in the villages and build new ones at predetermined places as part of propagating the priceless sacrifices of the martyrs in every corner. Let's emulate the ideals of the martyrs and propagate their spirited life histories among the vast people. With the inspiration of the great martyrs, let's consolidate the revolutionary movement as per the aspirations of the billions of Indian oppressed masses. Let's expand the people's political power by intensifying the class struggle.

 

 

(Gudsa Usendi)

 

Spokesperson

 

Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee

 

CPI (Maoist)

 

 

 

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Statement from CPI(M) which gives good insight into the propaganda war being fought, and the kind of allegations being thrown at the Maoists by the State in an attempt to criminalise/vilify them.

 

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)

CENTRAL COMMITTEE

Press Release

July 16, 2012

CC, CPI (Maoist) out rightly rejects all the vicious,

baseless and sham allegations made by Sabyasachi Panda In cahoots with the ruling classes

And expels him from the party for his betrayal Sabyasachi Panda, the secretary of our Odisha State Organizing Committee released a 16-page letter

addressed to the General Secretary of our party, Comrade Ganapathy to the media on 14-07-2012. In cahoots with

the ruling classes he spit venom on the CPI (Maoist) and the revolutionary movement led by it and hurled several

baseless, sham allegations and fabricated lies. He released this letter with the evil intention of liquidating the party

and the revolutionary movement, discarded the ideology of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and left the vanguard

party of the proletariat. He openly declared that he is completely disassociating himself from the People’s War

line and revolutionary practice and exposed his modern revisionist face. In the most abominable, crooked and

conspiratorial manner he betrayed the party and revolution and the great cause of the toiling masses, particularly

of the oppressed masses of Odisha and proved himself to be a renegade

 

Sabyasachi Panda worked for some period in the CPI (M) and later in the CPI (ML)-Liberation. He was

influenced by the revolutionary movement and joined the erstwhile CPI (ML) [PU] in 1998 leaving the right

opportunist Liberation party. Due to the merger of parties he continued to work in the erstwhile CPI (ML) [PW]

and latter in CPI (Maoist). He worked as a member of the AOBSZC between 2003 and 2005, as a member of

Odisha State Organizing Committee from 2005 and as its secretary since 2008. In his 15 year long practice,

though he worked in a revolutionary party he failed to transform himself into a genuine proletarian revolutionary

and had been criticized several times by his colleagues, cadres and the CC comrades for his anti-revolutionary

opportunist political views, stands and practice. Even in the state level Special Plenum held in December last year,

when he was criticized he accepted only some of his mistakes that too for namesake and escaped answering some

of them. This coward ran away leaving the revolutionary movement instead of sincerely realizing and rectifying

his mistakes like a true proletarian revolutionary.

 

His 16-page letter is full of rotten lies, distortions and twisting of facts and there is not an iota of truth in

them whatsoever. They were hurled with the most awful intention of liquidation and destruction of revolutionary

movement in Odisha and damaging the image of our party that is serving as a ray of hope for the toiling masses

and renowned for dedication to a great cause, the cause of liberation of our country and selfless unparalleled

sacrifices. It is an open secret that he hurled them with the evil and appalling intention of fulfilling his selfish

political motives that serve the ruling classes. Ruling classes bring to the fore people like Panda to gain legitimacy

for the foul propaganda they carry on about the revolutionary movement and such phenomena occur frequently in

history. The enemy has been hurling such fabricated lies on several of our leaders like comrades Charu Mazumdar

and Kanhai Chatterji, on our party and the revolutionary movement ever since the launch of the revolutionary

movement by keeping opportunists like Panda in the front.

 

Before going into the allegations made by Panda and the reasons behind them, we want to clearly state

the fact that our party conducts meetings, plenums and conferences in order to correct and improve our practice

and to advance with higher tasks. It realizes its mistakes and corrects them through criticism – self-criticism,

reviews and rectification campaigns taken up specifically. This is a continuous process. Panda’s evil intentions

can be gauged from the fact that in spite of knowing all these things he placed before the people his 16-pages of

sham allegations. The actual fact is that he decided to leave the party as he was not ready to rectify himself in such

a process.

 

The list of Mr. Panda’s filthy and foul-smelling allegations is long enough, some of the allegations he

hurled prominently are as follows :

 

1. Violence for no reason and killings of innocent persons has become the norm for the Maoists; cadres are being ordered to kill innocent and unarmed policemen indiscriminately

2. There is domination of Telugu and Koya comrades in the Party.

3. Adivasis are exploited the most by the Maoists, they are made to cook and carry luggage; cadre are not allowed to meet their families even during festivals; Adivasi women are being exploited sexually by the Maoists

4. Ganapathy wants to establish a dictatorship based on terror and fear.

 

State suppresses people fighting for their rights with all kinds of weapons available with it. And if that

fight is for the liberation of the people i.e., for the political power of the toiling masses, the state suppresses it

most severely. Its police, paramilitary and military carry on this offensive from the front while all its other

components participate most cruelly in the offensive in a planned, coordinated and conspiratorial manner. So it

becomes absolutely necessary for people to resort to armed struggle. Anybody who knows ABC of Marxism

would know about this fundamental and primary principle about revolutionary violence. Nobody would think that

Panda did not know about this party line when he left the right opportunist CPI (ML)-Liberation party, accepted

the line of the revolutionary party and joined the party and when he accepted the line of the Unity Congress.

 

However as Panda wanted to disassociate himself from the party, he is spitting venom that Maoists resort to

violence for no reason and that they are killing innocent people. He is trying to show that he is opposing all this so

that the Indian state takes a benevolent attitude towards him. Class enemies like Laxmananand and Jagbandhu,

government armed forces and officers who carry on the state repression and participate in it, who severely torture

the people, destroy their lives in all aspects and resort to killings, are suddenly being perceived as innocents by

Panda. He is displaying more faith than the master to kowtow before the ruling classes and is surpassing the

enemy foul propaganda in uttering lies.

 

Panda is resorting to the age-old cheap ‘divide and rule’ tactic of the British colonialists and the Indian

ruling classes who are retracing their steps by making the allegation that Telugu and Koya comrades are

dominating in Odisha. The revolutionary movement led by CPI (Maoist) follows the path of Protracted People’s

War and builds the revolutionary movement to finally seize political power all over the country by spreading from

smaller areas to vaster areas, isolated areas to all over the country, and by developing from a small force to a

mighty force. From the beginning with a strategic outlook it deploys its forces in various areas accordingly and

carries on the work. It develops local mass base, develops party and army and establishes area-wise political

power. By following this line, it brings a change in the strength of forces, finally surrounds the cities and captures

political power all over the country. Keeping this in view, every member of our party must be prepared to go to

any part of the country to work. Moreover, as internationalists communists must be prepared to go any country or

area and work shoulder to shoulder with the people there for their liberation. The entire history of Indian

revolution indicates that revolutionary movement spread to various parts of the country due to the determined and

revolutionary efforts of comrades who left their areas and states and went to other areas and states to work. Such

comrades learnt the languages, respected the cultures of the people there and integrated themselves with them.

The movements built in new areas are proof of this collective effort of comrades. Due to his narrow-minded

regionalism not just today, but Panda could never accept the fact that comrades from other states are coming and

working in Odisha. Instead of appreciating the selflessness of those comrades he continuously and conspiratorially

tried to create a divide between them and the Odiya comrades by resorting to factionist methods. Panda displayed

narrow-minded regional chauvinism towards comrades from other states who came to work in Odisha according

to the needs of the movement and behaved in a domineering, undemocratic and sectarian manner with them. The

fact is Odiya people and the Odiya comrades have happily welcomed and accepted the fact that comrades from

Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are coming to work for them and with them. We hope that those

handful of cadres who are with Panda would rethink about the People’s War path, see through the lie and expose

him by realizing his conspiracies.

 

Nothing could be more deceiving than Panda shedding crocodile tears like the ruling class butchers and

hurling accusations about the ‘exploitation of Adivasis’ by the Maoists even while discarding the aim of liberating

the Adivasis as part of people’s revolutionary movement. For Panda who never participated in collective works

while he was in the party, the striving of Adivasi comrades for revolution by bringing out their energy to the full

voluntarily and with the highest level of revolutionary consciousness is looking like ‘exploitation by Maoists’

after he wore the glasses of the ruling classes. And, who are Maoists? Who are Adivasis? Are not all the Adivasi

comrades inside the party Maoists? We are not at all surprised that the individual labor necessary in the daily life

of a revolutionary movement, the collective labor necessary in military, technical, production-development,

welfare and other fields and the various kinds of labor that people do in the course of people’s movements looks

like ‘exploitation by Maoists’ to this brand new opportunist who left the revolution and became an apologist for

the ruling classes. In a proletarian party everybody does one’s own work as part of daily life. Everybody

participates in collective works and carries luggage too. Patients, physically weak persons and those with special

responsibilities are extended help by other comrades. A people’s army itself means that apart from participating in

war it does its works like cooking and carrying luggage that are an integral part of it on its own. Everybody must

inevitably do all these works as part of People’s War with no discrimination based on nationality, gender, region

etc. This has happened in all the guerilla zones in our country and is still continuing. In fact, the culture in a

Maoist party is a democratic, socialist culture that does not discriminate between man and woman, literate and

illiterate and cadres and leaders. This is one of the major factors in attracting a huge number of Adivasis towards

our party. It is this kind of culture that our party strives to spread among millions of people.

 

The allegation that Maoists are raping and sexually harassing women in the party/Adivasi women has

been hurled repeatedly by the state. In what other manner can we expect the newly turned renegade to attack the

Maoists than in the heinous manner of the ruling classes? The answer given by our party several times in the past

is the answer to this allegation now too. But the best answer to this allegation is being given by the hundreds of

women comrades who are joining the party, the thousands-lakhs of members in revolutionary women’s

organizations along with the women in our movement areas and the hundreds of women martyrs who had laid

down their lives for the liberation of the toiling people in the past 45 years since Naxalbari.

 

Since communist party was formed in India in 1925 till now, in the more than 90 years of Indian

communist movement’s history, it is not an exaggeration to say that never before had the communist party

integrated itself with the people, their culture and all the aspects relating to people’s lives as in the past 25 years.

Not only had our party integrated but it is also holding aloft all the progressive elements in the political and

cultural lives of the people, imbibing them, developing them and revolutionizing them. The revolutionary masses

would anyway not believe the allegation by Panda who worked as a state secretary that party is not allowing

activists to go home even for festivals. This is just another instance of an opportunistic attack by him to make

those who are not familiar with the realities of the revolutionary movement to believe that the revolutionary party

is so horrible as to not send activists home even for festivals.

 

The allegation that Ganapathy wants to establish a dictatorship based on terror and fear is so ridiculous

that it in fact does not even deserve an explanation. CPI (Maoist) is not at all any bourgeois party. Its immediate

aim is to overthrow the present semi-colonial, semi-feudal system in our country and establish new democratic

revolutionary rule, i.e., the democratic dictatorship of four classes – workers, peasants, petty-bourgeoisie and

national bourgeoisie under the leadership of the proletariat and based on worker-peasant unity. Its ultimate goal is

the establishment of socialism and communism. Panda is fully aware of this. Panda is making false allegation on

comrade Ganapathy and our party with the selfish motive of gaining a place through compromise in the

dictatorship of the comprador bureaucratic bourgeoisie and the land lords that are in collusion with the

imperialists and carrying on an unprecedented despotic rule wearing the mask of parliamentary democracy.

 

In reality, it was Panda who was trying to establish his dictatorship inside Odisha. After seeing the

reviews and decisions made in the Special Plenum he realized that the party cadres are no longer prepared to

accept his domination. They criticized his bureaucratic behavior and his undemocratic and sectarian attitude

towards comrades from other states. Realizing that he can no longer carry on his bureaucratic methods, this

opportunist decided to quit the party and doubled his preparations for the same since then.

In fact, Panda stopped contacting the Odisha state in-charge CC comrade since the completion of the state

level Special Plenum. Since then, for nearly half a year he went on spitting venom on the party in interviews and

statements. This created political and organizational problems in the party and caused severe damage to the

Odisha movement as he was taking stands that were against the decisions of the Special Plenum, party’s political

line and policies. He resorted to downright opportunistic methods during the arrest of Italian tourists under his

leadership. He declared a one-sided seize-fire for the entire state of Odisha. But in fact, it was not correct on his

part to declare so when two different state border party committees are working in considerable parts of Odisha

and its borders and he had no right to dictate terms to the other two party committees. He not only openly

criticized AOB comrades for arresting a MLA and killing a SI after he had declared his one-sided seize fire but

even went to the extent of saying that it had become a fashion for AOB comrades to kill.

Keeping aside the reviews made by the entire party under Odisha SOC, he declared that the annihilations

of class enemies Laxmananda and Jagbandhu were not correct. He began a malicious campaign by giving

statements in the name of comrade Nikhil, trying to create divide between comrades hailing from various

communities and states. It is not a coincidence that when stories were being published continuously in the media

about Panda leaving the party and forming a new group, Panda who always stays in touch with the media did not

release any explanation. It is clear as the day that since the completion of the Special Plenum, Panda had been

planning to desert the party and resorted to all these opportunistic methods and liquidationist activities. Finally he

quit the party as a culmination of his degeneration.

 

Panda took a right opportunist stand regarding some political issues that came to the fore in the course of

the Odisha movement and finally degraded into a revisionist who rejects the line of Protracted People’s War. His

sectarian, bureaucratic, ultra-democratic, factionist attitudes, careerism, craving for name and fame and

organizational indiscipline caused severe damage to the Odisha party and the movement. He sought an easy life

and was not hard-working. This opportunist utilized the situation where Odisha party and the State Organizing

Committee that were in the course of consolidating faced severe losses and the enemy offensive was seriously

concentrated on the CC, to carry on his disruptionist activities. The root for all this lies in his spilling over

individualism which keeps the individual at the centre. Apart from this, there has been a considerable change in

the counter-revolutionary war carried on by the Indian ruling classes with the full support of the imperialists,

particularly US imperialists since mid-2009 in the name of Operation Green Hunt. Panda’s degeneration and

betrayal must be seen in the context of the country-wide, multi-pronged massive military offensive that is being

carried out on our movement since then. Party suffered serious losses all over the country in this offensive. Even

Odisha state where class struggle is still weak had to bear the brunt and it suffered serious losses from end-2010.

The offensive is bound to intensify in this state too. The reason for the intensification of this massive offensive is

the MNC and our country’s comprador corporate interests that want to crush every organization and the people

that prove a hurdle to their plunder of natural resources and raw materials in backward countries like India. As the

financial crisis that is engulfing the world economy intensifies, the offensive on the revolutionary party, its

leadership, movement and the oppressed and toiling masses would also be intensified in proportion by them in

order to come out of it. In such a backdrop, to lead the revolutionary movement is like walking a sword’s edge for

any leader of the revolutionary party. Any true party leader would strive to utilize the excellent revolutionary

material conditions in the country and the world to politically prepare the people, to develop the People’s War and

turn the tide in favor of the revolution. It requires commitment towards revolutionary ideology, tremendous grit,

courageous decision-making, mobilizing the party, people’s army and the people in a unified way, and sacrificing

nature to fulfill this task. It requires a steely will to transform oneself and the party according to the needs and

tasks of the revolution. Those who do not display these qualities either fail to give leadership to the revolution or

lose their capacity to lead. Some among them run away like cowards from the battlefield or join the enemy ranks.

These opportunists and renegades take the side of the ruling classes and resort to all kinds of allegations to cover

up the fact. There have been such renegades not only in our party history but also in the revolutions of various

countries in the past and Panda would not be the last one.

 

Keeping all these things in view, our Central Committee began putting special efforts to rectify him by

placing all allegations on Panda in front of him in a political manner and giving him a chance to rectify. But since

the completion of the state level Special Plenum, he cut his contacts with the CC in-charge comrade and went on

attacking our party, movement and the leadership openly and in a series. As a culmination of all this, he released

this letter to the media and proved himself to be a renegade. So our CC is expelling Sabyasachi Panda from the

party and declaring the fact to our party comrades in Odisha, the entire revolutionary masses and the revolutionary

camp in our country.

 

We are appealing to the Odisha comrades, mass organizations of Odisha and the revolutionarydemocratic

masses to condemn Panda’s enemy-like opportunistic stand towards our party, movement and

leadership and the pro-ruling class, anti-people stands taken by him and to completely reject him and his rotten

modern revisionist politics and his allegations. History has proven several times that renegades such as Panda who

boast about themselves as the heroes of revolution and who are focused as such by the ruling classes would be

relegated to the dustbin and that the true revolutionary party, its leaders and the revolutionary masses led by it

would advance en-route for victory in the midst of great storms and whirlwinds with undaunted courage and

bravery. It is people who are makers of history and not sham revolutionaries like Panda. Our party is fully

confident that the revolutionary masses of Odisha would certainly reject traitors like Panda who try to be in the

limelight in the name of Odisha and immerse themselves in the service of the ruling classes to their heart’s content

and that the Odisha comrades and the vast toiling masses would follow the revolutionary path under the leadership

of the CPI (Maoist).

 

(Anand)

PBM, Central Regional Bureau Secretary

For Central Committee,

CPI (Maoist)

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CPI(M) statement about massacre in Bastar state in June

 

 

 

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)

CENTRAL COMMITTEE

Press Release

July 10, 2012

Punish the perpetrators of Basaguda Massacre !

Demand the immediate withdrawal of all paramilitary and military forces from Bastar !

 

On 28-6-2012 in one of the most brutal massacres till date in Chhattisgarh’s Bastar region 17 innocent, ordinary, unarmed villagers were killed by about a thousand blood-thirsty CRPF-CoBRA, state police forces and Koya Commandos and SPOs. These mercenary forces surrounded a gathering of villagers discussing about their harvest and related festivals in Sarkinguda on that night and killed several people in an indiscriminate, one-sided cold-blooded firing reminding one of the Jallianwalabagh massacre. Many more villagers were injured. Nine of the dead were juveniles between 12 and 16 years of age. There were children, women and elderly persons among the injured too. The mercenary forces wreaked havoc the whole night and shot dead some more villagers, looted their homes and resorted to sexual abuses on women. They threatened the villagers who tried to help the injured that they too would face the same fate. On the same day two more Adivasi peasants were murdered by the same fascist government armed forces in Simlipenta, a nearby village taking the toll to 19.

 

This massacre was perpetrated by the mercenary forces as part of the second phase of Operation Green Hunt (OGH) launched by the Indian ruling classes with the full support and aid of the imperialists, particularly the US imperialists since mid-2009. The blue-print for this well-planned massacre was prepared under the auspices of the notorious ruling clique of Sonia-Manmohan-Chidambaram-Jairam Ramesh and their ‘reliable lieutenants’ at the centre and in Chhattisgarh (CG) – secretary for Home RK Singh, CRPF DG Vijaya Kumar-Raman Singh-Nankiram Kanwar-Longkumer-Anil Navani-Ramnivas et al., who are carrying on this country-wide, multi-pronged, counter-revolutionary massive military offensive on the Maoist movement areas in the most atrocious manner and where massacres of ordinary villagers has come to be one of the most common forms of repression in this “War on the People”. The statements by Raman Singh and Nankiram Kanwar about a massive offensive on Maoists to be launched in June in CG forewarned about what was in store because as any keen observer of these ‘offensives on Maoists” is well aware – it is most common for ordinary people to become victims in fake encounters, lock-up deaths and massacres in such ‘offensives on Maoists’.

 

In Dandakaranya (DK) starting from Singaram massacre in January 2009 several massacres of Adivasis have been carried on by the state and central mercenary forces like in Vechapad, Singanamadugu, Palachelima, Gompad, Gumiapal, Kokavada, Takilod, Ongnar and massive destruction and murders as in Tadimetla-Morpalli-Chintalnar etc., and none of the perpetrators – neither the ‘Generals’ like Sonia, Manmohan, Chidambaram, Raman Singh, Nankiram Kanwar, Vijay Kumar, Longkumer or a Kalluri nor the actual police-paramilitary officers and ‘foot soldiers’ who carried out their orders - of these massacres have been booked or punished till date. All the culprits are roaming scot-free in the corridors of power in New Delhi and Raipur and the off the hook police-paramilitary forces are ruthlessly going about their daily routine of mayhem, murder, loot, destruction, arson and rapes in the heart of India.

 

The Basaguda massacre is all the more bizarre for the utter lies, distortions, twisting of facts and the lower depths the ruling classes could stoop to justify their unscrupulous deed. Firstly, they for the umpteenth time repeated the routine story that armed Maoists had attacked them and that these ‘Maoists’ were killed when they retaliated. They even lied that they had seized weapons and explosives from the site. Six injured jawans were shown as ‘proof’ of the fact that an exchange of fire took place. Herr Chidambaram could not hide his glee at the death of ‘twenty Maoists’ and in a moment of truth announced that ‘this was a pre-planned attack’ based on information. Later this Indian avatar of Goebbels had to eat his foul lexis as every fact pointed out to a cold-blooded massacre and even the Congress in CG was forced to form a committee on this after the people of the village and neighboring villages came on the roads and stated the facts for the entire world to hear. In spite of the facts put forward by the entire people of the village and his own party, Chidambaram conveniently and shamelessly ‘passed the buck’ to the Raman Singh government saying that it is for the state government to decide if an enquiry is needed or not and that the central government had nothing to do with this. Shedding crocodile tears he had the audacity to say that he regretted if innocent people had died even while self contradicting himself that this was a ‘transparent and upfront’ attack. Raman Singh not even caring if any sane person believed him, once again spun the same old bull-shit theory that Maoists used the ordinary people as human shields and so they died! Like a pet dog more faithful than the master Nankiram Kanwar went to the end of saying that whoever is with the Maoists is also a Maoist implying that those villagers could be (or deserved to be) killed as ‘they were with Maoists’.

 

The stark fact is that there were no Maoists with the villagers and no exchange of fire had taken place. The mercenary forces just surrounded the villagers from all sides and fired upon them and some were pulled out of their homes and shot dead. Even the so-called injuries of the jawans must have been a hoax as in some earlier instances or they might have been injured in their own cross-fire.

 

This massacre happened in the backdrop of the deployment of Indian Army in Bastar in the name of training and the attacks already being launched by the Air Force in the pretext of logistical support and self-defense. It is like a curtain-raiser to the things in store and let nobody make the mistake of seeing this massacre as a mistake of the government forces in the field. As every concerned democratic citizen in this country is increasingly realizing and as our party has stated several times, this “War on People” is being perpetuated with the sole aim of the plunder of the rich natural resources of our country and to crush every kind of force that proves to be a hurdle to it. The people led by the CPI (Maoist) and the party are perceived by the imperialists and the Indian ruling classes as the most formidable ‘hurdle’ (read biggest threat to the ‘internal security’ of the plunderers) to the loot of our country and particularly that of Adivasi areas by the imperialists, comprador bureaucratic bourgeoisie and the big landlords of our country which explains this massive military offensive on our movement areas. In the name of crushing Maoists the ruling classes are crushing all kinds of democratic and patriotic forces in this country and we once again appeal to the people to realize that this is not just an offensive on the Maoists but a “War on the People”. This is what lies behind massacres like the one at Basaguda.

 

The lives of ordinary citizens and Adivasis of this country hold no value for the ruling classes is something that has been proven hundreds of times in police firings and such massacres. The only new thing is that now they are shouting this fact from the roof-tops openly. The convoluted logic that whoever is with the Maoists deserved to be killed or could be killed should be thoroughly exposed and condemned as this is nothing but a thinly veiled threat to the lives of the citizens of this country and particularly the Adivasis in the Maoist movement areas. The full scale preparations for drone attacks and the future deaths of Adivasis in these attacks would also be justified with the same logic of ‘collateral damage’ as in Afghanistan or a Pakistan. Already in Peda Kedwal and Chinna Kedwal villages of Bastar the government forces conducted an aerial operation in December 2011 using more than a dozen helicopters for deployment of forces. In all the massive military operations conducted recently in Dandakaranya, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh-Odisha Border and Andhra-Odisha Border areas involving Brigade level of forces, UAVs were used. They had openly declared that this is how future attacks would be conducted in Maoist areas.

 

We appeal to all citizens of this country, democrats, patriots, well-wishers of Adivasis and all civil liberties organizations to condemn the Basaguda brutal massacre in no uncertain terms and demand severe punishment for the perpetrators. Demand the immediate withdrawal of all paramilitary and military forces from Bastar. We particularly appeal to the media persons to bring the facts about this massacre into light as some pro-government corporate media persons are trying to hide the facts and falsely portray this massacre as ‘people being crushed between government forces and Maoists’. We appeal to one and all to build a vast and united agitation all over the country with these demands. We appeal to all revolutionary and democratic forces in the country and the world to condemn this massacre, to oppose the deployment of UAVs to crush the Maoist movement in India and to demand an end to “War on People” – the Operation Green Hunt.

 

 

(Abhay)

Spokesperson,

Central Committee,

CPI (Maoist)

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Celebrating 10 Years of Peoples War in India

 

 

The pamphlet was published in 2010 and is about 90 pages long and outlines the various campaigns, outlining individual operations, various strategies and tactics deployed from December 2000 when this latest phase of People's War was launched with the formation of the People's Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA). Its broken into 9 parts. The main body of the text are in section 3 and section 8, the other sections being mainly graphics and pictures of martyred comrades. I intend to print a copy out in hard copy when I get a chance.

 

Part 1 - http://www.bannedtho...uvenir_p1-2.pdf

Part 2 - http://www.bannedtho...uvenir_p3-9.pdf

Part 3 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p10-49.pdf

Part 4 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p50-53.pdf

Part 5 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p54-55.pdf

Part 6 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p56-57.pdf

Part 7 - http://www.bannedtho...ouvenir_p58.pdf

Part 8 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p59-84.pdf

Part 9 - http://www.bannedtho...enir_p85-86.pdf

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HRW report on abuses in India. Sorry for the bourgeois source, but even HRW couldn't find much against the Maoists. Their main complaint was that they targetted policemen and other state officials for attack, and held people's courts. Of course the title makes it sound as if these "outrages" are on a par with what the Indian state are doing.

 

60 page report (PDF) http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/india0712ForUpload.pdf

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