Jump to content
Soviet.ie | Sóivéid.ie


  • Content Count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by lenin86

  1. Part 1: General Programme The Páirtí Poblachtach Dearg bases its guiding ideological principles on Socialist Republicanism and Revolutionary Marxism. P.P.D's immediate aim is to unite all anti-imperialist and socialist forces in a unitedfront against all imperialist influence in Ireland with the definitive goals of establishing national liberation and creating a revolutionary worker's state. P.P.D also holds high, proletarian internationalism. We support and look to establish unity with all oppressed people around the globe who are struggling to establish a communist society. Importantly, we do not determine our enemy based on their religion or nationality; we determine our enemies on the basis of their wealth, greed and exploitation of the working class. The Socialism we propose includes everyone and is not a ruled by a tiny clique of people. It is a system under which the State will provide free healthcare and free education. In addition, everyone has a right to a home; and we call for all empty houses to be put under state control and given to the people who need them. Everyone also has a right to work and if the State cannot provide a job, then it should make sure the unemployed have a decent living. Moreover, we believe all natural resources, major industries and banks should be nationalized and democratically controlled by the people. But such progress cannot occur under the present system because the ruling class uses the state as a weapon to keep power. A good example of this is the way the Free State government betrayed the people to support the banks, engaging in savage budget cuts, selling state-owned resources and property, and selling off our natural resources. Do not be deceived into thinking these were altruistic measures designed to help the people get through the recession. Quite the opposite: these methods were devised to ensure that the mistakes and greed of the ruling class would be paid for with the blood and the toil of the people. Likewise, do not be deceived into thinking that voting in a "more fairer government" will alleviate the problems of the working class. Such a concept is not possible as long as we are under parliamentary bodies comprised with members of the ruling class. To understand this, one only has to look at the "Celtic Tiger" years: There was plenty of wealth in the state. However, instead of putting the wealth towards creating a better healthcare system or providing a better social-housing scheme for the people, the government wasted a lot of the collateral, pumping it into projects that failed. In essence, we believe that for the betterment of the people of Ireland, as well as internationally, changes cannot occur through a reformist route. There is no reforming the capitalist system because it is inherently corrupt and fixed in such a way that a tiny percentage stand above society, reaping the benefits from the country’s natural resources and basking in the wealth that is created from the labor of the worker. Therefore, the only solution is to create a new, all-inclusive system under which every single person benefits and reaps the rewards of production and where everyone who so desires can take part in the government. Ultimately, the workers have to take over the means of production and exchange so they can be run democratically. This in turn, will bring an end to the ruling class and its system of exploitation and oppression. Part 2: The Party and Objectives 1. Name: Páirtí Poblachtach Dearg 2. Ideology: Socialist Republicanism and Revolutionary Marxism 3. Aims and Objectives: The P.P.D aims to establish an anti-imperialist united front. Our objectives are to a) help the people overthrow capitalism and imperialist influence within the Free State government and aid with the struggle for national liberation against British imperialism in the occupied six counties. 4. Ultimate Goals: The P.P.D strives to establish a 32-County Democratic Socialist Republic as well as a worldwide communist system. 5. Support: The Party will promote proletarian internationalism and work to unite Marxist forces internationally. Part 3: Duties and rights of members 1. Members must study Party documents and material. 2. Members shall study and apply Marxism in practice. 3. Members shall defend and try to further develop the ideological and political basis of the Party. 4. Members must follow Party line, programme, polices, directives and decisions. 5. Everybody must be ready to participate and play a role in the class struggle; and they must be willing to work with other groups and people. 6. Everybody must seek to establish a united front with all anti-imperialist and revolutionary forces in Ireland. 7. Members will refrain from speaking slanderously against other Party members as well as against members of other solidarity groups. 8. Each member must subordinate his/her personal interests to the Party and the people. Members must fight for the interests of the people. 9. All members must fight relentlessly with a proletarian class outlook against discrimination based on gender, nationality, religion, race and sexuality. 10. Every member has the right to send criticism against any other Party member. 11. Every member has the right to partake in Party discussions and contribute; everyone has an equal say. 12. Every member has the right to stand for election in any of the Party positions. 13. Every member has both the right to vote members into positions and the right to recall. 14. Every member voted into a position can be recalled if Party members collectively see the need to do so.
  2. The Communist Revolution and the REAL Path to Emancipation: Its History and Our Future Click link below to read http://revcom.us/a/323/you-dont-know-what-you-think-you-know-en.html#.UxA9Spuducg.facebook
  3. NTRODUCTION Upholding, defending and applying Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, President Gonzalo has established the mass line of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP). His thesis reaffirms itself in the proletarian conception that we must have in order to evaluate the problem of the masses. He outlines the following political role of the masses in the struggle for Power by way of the People’s War and the struggle for better living conditions which must serve this end. We must principally go to the basic masses, the workers and peasants and the many fronts of struggle according to their specific demands and grievances. The only Marxist tactic is going to the deepest and most profound masses, educating them in the revolutionary violence and in the struggle against opportunism. The mass work of the Party that leads the People’s War is carried out through the people’s army. He indicates the importance of the Party generated organisms, as one of the forms of organizing the masses. They must do mass work within and for the People’s War. 1. REAFFIRMING THE PRINCIPLE “THE MASSES MAKE HISTORY” President Gonzalo reaffirms himself in the powerful Marxist principle: “The masses make history.” This teaches us to forge our Communist conception in struggle against the bourgeois conception which is centered around the individual as the axis of history. President Gonzalo states: “The masses are the very light of the world… they are its fiber, the inexhaustable heartbeat of history… when they speak everything trembles, the old order begins to shake, the high summits bow down, the stars change their course because the masses make everything possible and are capable of anything.” Today this reaffirmation has a great importance because it is part of the proletarian conception. It upholds the mass line and is applicable to everything. The mass line allows judgment on everything from international questions to specific policies, because it is an ideological problem. No historic fact, no transforming movement, no revolution can be made without the participation of the masses. The Party applies this principle because it has a mass character and it cannot be unlinked from them, otherwise it would be extinguished or diluted. The masses, in order to guarantee the course of their struggle must be led by the Party. The Party has masses: the militants, who as Communists must necessarily embody this principle and struggle constantly to overthrow the rotten individualism which is not a proletarian conception. It can be observed how our process of People’s War is critical to this transformation. Furthermore, one principle of leadership is “from the masses to the masses.” This also applies to the People’s War because it is a war of the masses, which are the very source of it. It is with this Marxist conception that we make the People’s War. He particularly highlights the rebellion of the masses as the makers of history. President Gonzalo says: “Since ancient times the masses live subject to oppression and exploitation, but they have always rebelled. This is a long and inexhaustible history… Every time the masses have fought their oppressors they have always called for organizing their rebellion, their arming, their uprising, that it be led, that it be conducted. It has always been this way and it will continue to be. Even after there is another world, it will continue being this way only in another form.” “The masses clamor to organize the rebellion. Therefore, the Party, its leaders, cadre and militants today have a peremptory obligation, a destiny: To organize the disorganized Power of the masses and this can only be done with arms in hand. We must arm the masses bit by bit, part by part, until the general arming of the people. When this goal is reached, there will be no exploitation on Earth.” Here he expresses his absolute conviction in the masses, in their historical and political necessity to rebel, to arm themselves, their demand that they be led and organized. He calls upon the Communist Parties to complete the demand that comes from Marx and Engels who taught us that there are two powers on the Earth: The armed force of the reactionaries and the disorganized masses. President Gonzalo proposes that if we organize this power, what is only a potential will be activated, and what is a possibility will be a reality. If it is not based on the masses, everything is a house of cards. Concretely, the problem is to go from the state of disorganized masses to masses that are militarily organized. We should organize the masses with arms in hand because they clamor to organize the rebellion. As such, we must apply the People’s War which is the principal form of struggle and organize them for the taking of Power led by the Party. This is clearly tied to the principal contradiction in the world today, the strategic offensive of the world revolution, and with the principal tendency in today’s world, revolution. As Marx indicated, the mass line also aims at forming the general arming of the people with the goal of guaranteeing the triumph of the revolution and to prevent capitalist restoration. This is a thought of great perspectives that will carry us to Communism: Only by organizing this sea of armed masses will it be possible to defend what is conquered and develop the democratic, socialist and cultural revolutions. He refutes those who propose that the masses don’t want to make revolution or that the masses will not support the People’s War. The problem is not with the masses because they are ready to rebel, but rather it is with the Communist Parties who must assume their obligation to lead and raise them up in arms. He differentiates from those positions that today are based on “the accumulation of forces,” which propose parsimoniously binding the masses by way of the so-called “democratic spaces” or the use of legality. Such accumulation of forces doesn’t correspond to the current moment of the international and national class struggle, it doesn’t fit in the type of democratic revolution we are developing and which will have other characteristics within the socialist revolution, since we are living in a revolutionary situation of unequal development in the world. He is opposed to and condemns the opportunist positions of making the masses tail after the big bourgeoisie, an electoral path or for armed actions under the command of a super power or power. Thus, he upholds the great slogan of Chairman Mao: “It is right to rebel,” and conceives that the problem of the masses today is that the Communist Parties mobilize, politicize, organize and arm the masses to take Power, specifying people’s war. He specifies the necessity of the scientific organization of poverty. President Gonzalo again stresses that those most disposed to rebel, who clamor the most to organize the rebellion are the poorest masses, and we must pay particular attention to the revolutionary and scientific organization of the masses. This is not against the class criteria, because poverty has its origin in exploitation, in the class struggle: “Misery exists linked to fabulous wealth, even the Utopians knew that both are linked: A colossal and challenging wealth next to a revealing and clamorous poverty. This is because exploitation exists.” This thesis is tied to Marx who discovered the revolutionary potential of poverty and the need to scientifically organize it for revolution. Marx taught us that the proletariat does not have property and is the creative class, the only class that will destroy property and will thus destroy itself as a class. This thesis is tied to Lenin, who taught us that social revolution does not arise from programmes but from the fact that millions of people say we prefer to die fighting for revolution rather than live as victims of hunger. This thesis is tied to Chairman Mao, who conceived that poverty will propell the yearning for change, for action, for revolution, that it is a blank piece of paper on which the newest and most beautiful words can be written. He takes into account the specific conditions of our society. In Peru, to speak about the masses is to speak of the peasant masses, the poor peasants; that the 1920s, 1940s and 1960s demonstrate that it is the peasant struggles that shook the very foundation of the State, but that they lack a guide: The ideology of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought. They lack a motor: The People’s War and the just and correct leadership of the Communist Party. The peasants’ struggles were not able to take the correct path to Power, and the blood they shed was used to fetter them and brand them to the old order. These were unforgettable bloodbaths which left extraordinary lessons. The 1980s show that a true mobilization of the armed peasant masses organized in the Communist Party and People’s Guerrilla Army, and that they are giving their precious blood for the new power that is blossoming and developing through the People’s War. This particularity is strategic because it permits the comprehension that revolution in the world is defined on the side of the poorest, who constitute the majority and who are the most disposed to rebel. In each revolution we must go to the poorest applying the three requirements that the scientific organization of poverty demand: Ideology, people’s war and a Communist Party. In this regard, President Gonzalo says: “Poverty is a driving force of the revolution. The poorest are the most revolutionary, poverty is the most beautiful song; … poverty is not a disgrace, it is an honor, our mountains with their masses are the source of our revolution, who with their hands led by the Communist Party will build a new world. Our guide: Ideology. Our motor: The armed struggle. Our leadership: The Communist Party.” 2. THE PRINCIPAL ASPECT OF MASS WORK IS POLITICAL POWER, BUT THE STRUGGLE FOR ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEMANDS IS NECESSARY Basing himself on Chaiman Mao’s thesis which generalized revolutionary violence as the universal law for the conquest of Power and which established that the principal form of struggle is the armed struggle and the principal form of organzation is the armed forces. Before the outbreak of a war all the struggles and organizations should serve to prepare it. President Gonzalo teaches us that in mass work the struggle for Power and the struggle for economic demands [luchas reivindicativa] are two sides of the same coin, with the struggle for Power being the first and foremost demand of the masses. Organize the masses so that they can go beyond what is permitted by the existing legal order, so that they struggle to destroy the old order and not to maintain it. This is accomplished by use of the three instruments of the revolution: The Party where the few converge, the Army with more participants, and new State–Front which is the base which progressively aglutinates the masses through leaps. In the countryside this is achieved through People’s Committees and in the cities through the People’s Revolutionary Defense Movement. In this way the tradition of electoral fronts, which the revisionists and opportunists apply to channel the struggle of the peasantry and to divert the masses in the cities from not seizing Power through war, is destroyed. To center on political Power also demands the organization of the masses in diverse new forms of struggle, because war imposes changes on the struggle and organization of the masses. As Lenin taught us, in revolutionary epochs, new organizations must be formed and go against the old leaders who seek to sell-out the revolution in order to accomodate themselves within the reactionary system. For that reason, the old forms of struggle and organization of the masses cannot be used. The struggle for Power as the principal aspect does not mean that from the beginning we are going to incorporate the masses all at once. Chairman Mao teaches us that developing Base Areas and armed forces is what generates the apogee of the revolution. This has to do with the law of incorporation of the masses into the revolution, which was established by the Party in the Second Plenum of 1980, an incorporation that will be through progressive leaps; with more People’s War will come a greater incorporation of the masses. Thus, the People’s War is a political fact that continues to pound ideas into the heads of men through powerful actions, who will bit by bit come to understand their only true path, thereby developing their political consciousness. The People’s War summons all the revolutionaries and opens a trail as it develops. The masses are avid for politics and it is incumbent upon Communists to organize and lead them. The masses have concrete problems everywhere and we must worry about them and attend to them. Mass work is done within the class struggle and not on its margins. If we do not do mass work, the reactionaries and revisionists will utilize it for their own ends, whether it be to develop fascism and to corporativize them or hand over their struggles to another imperialist master. These are two wills that are distinct and opposed. The masses seek the voice of those who affirm and not those who doubt. In our Party, in the Initiation, President Gonzalo demanded that no one must ever doubt the masses, fighting those who are blind and deaf to the voice of the masses, listening to their faintest rumor and attending to their daily, concrete problems. The masses must never be fooled, they must never be forced, they must know the risks which they may face. They must be summoned to the long, bloody struggle for Power, but with this goal they will understand that it will be a necessary and victorious struggle. Therefore the struggle for Power is principal but it cannot be separated from the struggle for economic and political demands, they are two sides of the same coin, and the latter struggle is necessary. How do we understand the struggle for economic and political demands? We are accused of not having a specific line for the economic and political struggle of the masses. The fact is that we apply it differently, in other forms, with different politics than those applied by the opportunists and revisionists, a new and different way from the traditional forms. President Gonzalo teaches us that the struggle for economic and political demands is on side of a coin, which has the struggle for political Power on the other side. It is completely wrong to separate them, to talk only about the struggle for economic and political demands is revisionism. In specifying Marx’s thesis to our society President Gonzalo tells us: “The crisis presents us with two problems: First, how to defend what has been won, because even if in the crisis the gains are lost, more would be lost if they were not defended. This is the necessity of the struggle for demands…, an economic and political struggle…, furthermore, it forges the class and the workers in their struggle for Power. Second, how to end the crisis? It cannot be ended unless the predominant social order is ended… there is a necessity for revolutionary struggle which serving the seizure of power by the armed struggle under the leadership of the Party… one cannot be separated from the other. The relationship of both problems materializes in developing the struggle for demands as a function of political Power.” To carry forward the struggle for demands, the union and strike are used. These are the principal form of the economic struggle of the proletariat which are developed into guerrilla warfare. That is how the class is educated in the struggle for Power and elevate it through concrete armed actions which strengthens this form of struggle, giving it a higher quality. In sum, the struggle for demands must be developed serving the conquest of Power. This is a political principle of doing mass work. 3. WHAT MASSES DO WE GO TO? We must start from the class criteria to resolve which masses to go to. It is very important to note that the masses are organized according to the common interests of the classes they belong to. President Gonzalo teaches us that this approach is essential to combat those who pretend to separate masses from classes with tales of “unity,” and of those who betray the true interests of the masses by trafficking with their struggles. Also because it allows us to understand that the masses are always an arena of struggle where the bourgeoisie and proletariat clash to lead them. However, only the Communist Party is capable of leading them because it is the only one that can represent them and struggle for their interests. Those who talk about “mass democracy” or who create open mass organisms as if they were a form of Power without violence are merely upholding bourgeois positions that negate the leadership of the proletariat and its dictatorship. Starting from a class criteria has to do with the character of the revolution, with the classes that make up the people who should be united under the leadership of the proletariat. In our case of the democratic revolution, the proletariat leads, the peasantry is principal, the petty bourgeoisie is a firm ally and the middle bourgeoisie has a dual character. The basic masses which we must go to are the proletariat and the peasantry, principally the poor peasantry, the petty bourgeoisie and also the middle bourgeoisie. Keeping in mind the specific demands of the masses, we should differentiate between those sectors of the masses which suffer more oppression with the goal of organizing them so that they will struggle to achieve conquests and resolve their specific contradiction. This refers to the mass fronts in which we must work. These are: The workers, the proletariat, the leading class of all revolutions, a class whose principal and decisive political objective is the conquest of Power through the People’s War to emancipate itself, emancipate the other classes and finally to destroy itself as a class. Its specific demands are the winning of conquests and rights like increased wages, a shorter work day and better working conditions. Towards this end, the workers’ movement, its struggles, mobilizations, marches, agitation, and strikes must be developed with armed actions. “Worry about the fundamental problems of the class and also of the workers, their general and concrete problems which they fight for daily.” The peasants are the principal force, especially the poor peasants, who struggle for the conquest of land through armed struggle under the leadership of the Communist Party. Not seeing it this way leads to the “land seizures” [the take-over of non-arable land and others promoted by the government, revionists and the Church.--Trans.] and conforming to the old order. Further develop the peasant movement applying the “three withs”: live with, work with and struggle with them, thus forging peasants with a proletarian mentality. Women which make up half the world and develop the feminine movement for the emancipation of women, a task which is the work of women themselves but under the leadership of the Party. We must combat the bourgeois thesis of women’s liberation. Women struggle against the constant increase in the cost of living which affects the physical integrity of the class and the people. The Party mobilizes the working, peasant and intellectual women, etc. The intellectuals so that they may fulfill their role as revolutionary intellectuals serving the proletariat and peasantry within the People’s War. Among them are the high school students, university students and professional occupations, etc. See their specific demands, the defense of their conquests, aiming at a new national, scientific and mass culture, making them conscious that they can only achieve this with the revolution. Mobilize the poor masses in the cities, in the shantytowns and slums against hunger and misery, so that they fight for the revolution’s programme, summon them to the People’s War so that they may seize their conquests and rights which are trampled under foot more everyday. Do not allow that they be struck with impunity and teach them how to defend themselves, so that they can resist the enemy’s aggression using all the available means at their disposal. Apply “Combat and Resist”, which is the common slogan for the class. Mobilize the youth so that they directly participate in the front lines of the combat trenches of the People’s War. Let young workers, peasants and students develop their struggles for a new world, their right to an education, against unemployment and other ills that wracks them. Make the children active participants in the People’s War. They can carry out many tasks which will help them understand the necessity of transforming the world. They are the future and in the end they will live in the new world. Change their ideology so that they adopt the proletariat’s. 4. PERSIST IN THE ONLY MARXIST-LENINIST TACTIC Starting from Engel’s thesis: “In a country with an old political and workers’ movement, there is always a colossal heap of garbage inherited by tradition that must be cleaned step by step”. Lenin established: “The only Marxist line in the world proletarian movement consists in explaining to the masses that the split with opportunism is inevitable and indispensible, educating them in revolution through a merciless struggle against it”. Chairman Mao indicated that a period of struggle against imperialism and revisionism was opening, with revisionism being one of the principal sources of imperialist wars and a danger within the Party for Communists in general. President Gonzalo calls for persisting in the only Marxist tactic which implies four issues: First, sweep away the colossal heap of garbage that is revisionism and opportunism, principally electoralism. None of these revisionists and opportunists, nor any of their variaties, can represent, much less defend, the masses. Now as before they only defend the exploiters in turn, yesterday they were merely a boxcar at the tail of the fascist and corporativist Aprista government, sinisterly dragging along the union organizations under their influence. [This practice of revisionism has continued under Fujimori.--Trans.] All these political and union organizations and their leaders do not represent the people but that crust of the labor aristocracy. The union bureaucracy and the bourgeois workers’ parties that always try to swerve the masses from their revoluionary path and are no more than part of that colossal heap of garbage which must be gradually swept away as Engels said. Second, go to the deepest and most profound masses which constitute the majority, which in our country are the workers and principally poor peasants, the petty bourgeoisie and also keep the national bourgeoisie in mind. Of these, the most important are the workers and principally poor peasantry, and we must go mainly to them in both the countryside and city. We must propell their movement, lead it, mobilize them for Power so as to topple and overthrow the old State. This is the principle issue of the tactic. Among the masses it is necessary to distinguish the superficial scum which is the crust that serves the bourgeoisie from the immense majority of deep and profound masses which will emerge more and more until the destruction of the decrepit state, even more so when a People’s War starts to crumble the old Peruvian state. Third, the masses must be educated in the People’s War, in its theory and practice. Thus, educating them in the peace of bayonets is to allow them to be slaughtered. The masses should no longer shed their blood with impunity only to be betrayed by their false leaders, for capitulation, rather this precious blood should serve the conquest of Power for the class and the people. Fourth, it is necessary to struggle implacibly against revisionism and opportunism, combatting it as a dangerous cancer within and outside the Party and among the very masses themselves, or else they will not solidify their revolutionary path. This is a struggle which we have been waging since the reconstitution of the Party and which today in open People’s War is more urgent and implacable because of the increasingly treacherous way they act against us, the people and the revolution, especially if social-imperialism is operating behind them within their policy of collusion and contention with Yankee imperialism for global hegemony. This is applicable to revisionism and opportunism of all breeds no matter who their representatives are. Regarding this President Gonzalo tells us: “Rise above this miasma, this superficial revisionism, opportunism and electoralism whic rides on the masses. The main thing is that below this the most colossal and self-impelled force agitates, upon which we operate with the most powerful instrument of the rebellion which exists on the Earth: Armed action. We are the cry that says: ‘It is right to rebel’.” 5. ORGANIZING THE MASSES President Gonzalo starting from the ideological and political bases and along with the organizational construction, established the forms of struggle and the forms of organizing the masses. He teaches us the process in which the mass work of the Party developed. In the Constitution. [of the PCP--Trans.] He tells us that Mariátegui outlined the bases for the mass work of the Party and determined specific lines by unleashing the two-line struggle against anarchism which sidestepped the necessity of the Party and also against Apra which negated the Marxist-Leninist conception and the capacity of the class to constitute itself into a Communist Party, through its work in the Front. Once Mariátegui died in the 1930s, his line was abandoned. The work is centered around the masses, putting them at the tail of the big bourgeoisie, deviating them towards “frontism”, elections and revisionism which weighs down on the efforts of the red line to oppose them. These erroneous tactics last more than 30 years. In the Reconstruction. President Gonzalo establishes the mass line of the Party and the organic forms. This is in a period of over 15 years of hard two-line struggle which achieve partial leaps. [Refers to successes--Trans.] In the first political strategy of the Reconstruction he develops the initiation of the mass work of the Party, all the militants in Ayacucho did peasant work including the civil construction workers, for example, also with the intellectuals and poor masses of the slums. They supported the land seizures, carried out peasant events, organized the I Regional Convention of Peasants of Ayacucho where the agrarian program was established; this was a transcendental event. He led the historic struggles of June 20, 21 and 22 in 1969 in Ayacucho and Huanta, mobilizing the masses of high school students, parents and families against Decree 006 of General Velasco which we defeated. The PCP organized the People’s Defense Front of Ayacucho, reorganized the Revolutionary Student Front (FER), created the Popular Feminine Movement (MFP), the Center for Mariátegui’s Intellectual Work (CETIM), the Revolutionary High School Student Front (FRES) and above all the Poor Peasants Movement (MCP). Thus, new politics were developed through mass work, new forms of struggle and new organic forms came to exist. In the two-line struggle, President Gonzalo fought against revisionism which led the masses towards electoralism and against revolutionary violence to preserve the old order. He fought against Patria Roja, a form of revisionism which trafficked, like it does today, with the slogan “power grows from a barrel of a gun”, negating semi-feudalism, focussing its work around the petty-bourgeoisie, especially students and teachers. He also defeated the right liquidationism that diluted the Party’s leadership among the masses, preaching legalism and saying everything could be done through the Peasant Confederation of Peru (CCP), that the peasants didn’t understand confiscation but they did understand expropriation, and that the fascist and corporativist measures of the Velasco government [Military dictatorship from 1968-1972--Trans.] should be deepened. In the second political strategy of the Reconstitution, he established the Generated Organisms agreed upon in the Third Plenum of 1973: “The actual movements as organizations generated by the proletariat in the different fronts of work. Their three characteristics: 1) Adherence to Mariátegui, 2) Mass organizations and 3) practicing democratic centralism.” He founded the character, content and role of the Generated Organisms applying Lenin’s thesis on a clandestine Party and points of Party support in the masses, leasned from the Chinese experience on open and secret work. He specified the necessity, that in order to develop the Reconstitution of the Party, of opening the Party to the masses more, that in order to agree on a policy and carry it out effectively needed to defeat the left liquidationism that believed fascism sweeps everything away, aiming at the Party’s extinction by isolating it from the masses, and showing contempt for the peasantry and proletariat and preaching that “line is enough.” With the defeat of the left liquidationist line the ties with the masses grew and People’s Schools were formed, schools which politicized the masses with the conception and line of the Party, which played an important role in the agitation and propaganda by linking the struggle for demands with the struggle for political Power. They completed a systematic and planned study of base workplans, unleashing the two-line struggle and developing the mass work. The advance of the work of the Generated Organisms led to President Gonzalo proposing their development into one avalanche, under the political guide of initiating the armed struggle. This led to the forming of zonal works. The Metropolitan Coordination was established for the cities, applying Lenin’s thesis for open work, Chairman Mao’s thesis for work in the cities and that the struggle of the masses should be developed in a reasonable, advantageous and measurable way. Their application allowed us to keep the Party clandestine, entrenched in the masses, moving in a good number of activists, distribute propaganda in a short time and facitilated agitation and mobilization under a centralized Party plan. All of this is what we called “the three little feet” for mass work in the cities: Generated Organisms, People’s Schools and the Metropolitan Coordination. For the countryside the first two forms were applied. In the third political strategy of the Reconstitution, the Party widely developed its mass work in the zones of the Sierra, linking itself with the poor peasants primarily in the cities with the proletariat and masses in the slums and shantytowns. The generated organisms have played a good role within the culmination of the reconstitution and building bases for the armed struggle. The specific lines were developed even further, so that the Classist Movement of Workers and Laborers (MOTC) proposed 15 basic theses for the workers’ movement; the Poor Peasant Movement (MCP) politicized the peasants with the agrarian program specified for new conditions; in the Shantytown Classist Movement (MCB) the list of denunciations and demands of the people are published; the Student Revolutionary Front (FER) develops the thesis of the Defense of the University against fascism; the Revolutionary High School Student Front (FRES) impelled the struggle of students for popular education; the Popular Feminine Movement (MFP) raised the thesis of women’s Emancipation, propelling the mobilization of working women, peasants women, shantytown dwellers and students. Furthermore, there was participation in the United Synidicate of Peruvian Educational Workers (SUTEP)which led to its specific class line being adopted in the 1970s. The National Federation of Peruvian University Teachers (FENTUP) was also formed. All of this work entered into a wide ideological-political mobilization to initiate the People’s War. In synthesis, all the mass work of the Party in the Reconstitution was to prepare the initiation of the People’s War. As Chairman Mao taught us, before initiating the war, everything is preparation for it, and once it has begun everything serves to develop it. President Gonzalo has applied and firmly developed this principle. In the leadership of the People’s War there was a great leap in the mass work of the Party, a qualitative leap, which shapes the principal form of struggle: The People’s War and the principal form of organization: The People’s Guerrilla Army. [which developed into the People's Army of Liberation in 1992--Trans.] This highest task was carried out by way of the militarization of the Party, and with respect to the mass work means that all the mass work is done through the People’s Guerrilla Army, which as an army of a new type that fulls three tasks: Combat, mobilize and produce. We conceive that the second task of the army implies mobilizing, politicizing, organizing and arming the masses, a task which is not counterposed to fighting, which is the principal task, because the principle of concentrating for combat and dispersing for mobilization is applied. In addition, the masses are educated in the war. This is a principle which governs the three forces: Principal ones, local ones and in the bases where various degrees of actions are specified. For the mobilization of masses, the Party through the EGP carries forward the People’s Schools, forms the Generated Organisms, the support groups, a policy that applied particularly one way in the countryside, because that is where the New Power is being formed, and in another way in the cities. In the cities, the Revolutionary Defense Movement of the People was formed, aiming at the future insurrection. In the countryside, where we have Power, Base Areas and People’s Committees, we see to it that all the masses engage in armed participation, organized in the Party, Army and Front-State. If all the masses are not organized the New Power will not be able to sustain itself for long. Amorphous masses or Power without masses organized under the leadership of the Party is not enougn. In the cities, the mass work is carried out by the Army as well, and the main thing is the struggle for Power through the People’s War, with the struggle for demands serving political Power as a necessary complement. Obviously, this happens with many armed actions with the goal of materializing the new forms of organization. We formed the Peoples’s Revolutionary Defense Movement (MRDP), which attracts masses from the workers, peasants, shantytowns and petty bourgeoisie, neutralizing the middle bourgeoisie, aiming at the democratic forces which support the People’s War. The objective is to lead the masses towards the resistance and to the elevation of their struggles into People’s War, to hinder, undermine and perturb the old State and serve the insurrection , preparing the cities with People’s War in a complementary way. We use the double policy of developing our own forms, which is principal, and penetrate all type of organizations. We apply Combat and Resist! Regarding the Generated Organisms, in the People’s War they have expressed developement and their characteristics have changed. They continue being mass organizations of the Party and today: They are guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought; They are governed by democratic centralism, and They serve the development of the People’s War. In the countryside, the Generated Organisms are militarized; in the cities many degrees of militarization can be applied. Today, we have the following: MOTC, MCP, MCB, MFP, MJP [youth movement--Trans.], MIP. [intellectual movement--Trans.] Peru People’s Aid is also important which has upsurged in the People’s War as part of the struggle for prisoners of war and dissappeared. For the Party’s overseas work the Peru People’s Movement (MPP) has been formed with its specific tasks. Today, after nearly eight years of People’s War the Party has made a great leap in its mass work, proving that it is just and correct to develop mass work within and for the People’s War. As a result of its application our people are learning each day that the class struggle necessarily leads to the struggle for Power. Their growing participation in the People’s War is very expressive, and even if not everyone reaches an understanding of it, they see in it the concrete hope of their emancipation. They are developing their struggles with new forms of struggle and organization, and the class struggle in Peru has been elevated to its principal form: The People’s War. The masses are organized in People’s War and are the base and sustenance of it. They are organized in a Communist Party, into a People’s Guerrilla Army and principally in the New Power, the principal conquest of the People’s War in which the workers, peasants and petty-bourgeoisie participate, excercising political power like never before in History. These are qualitative leaps which give rise to conditions for a new chapter in mass work within and for the People’s War until the conquest of Power countrywide. Those who uphold Marxism-Leninsm-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought, assume the embodyment of the mass line of the Party and apply it giving up our lives so that the Party seizes Power throughout the country and serves the world revolution. EMBODY THE MASS LINE OF THE PARTY! ORGANIZE THE CLAMOR OF THE PEOPLE FOR REBELLION! MAKE THE GREAT LEAP IN THE INCOPORATION OF THE MASSES WITHIN AND FOR THE PEOPLE’S WAR! http://www.signalfire.org/?p=23344
  4. Women Martyrs of The Indian Revolution-Keskal Martyrs Martyrdom : 10-03-2009 On March 10, 2009 an informer tipped off the police about the whereabouts of comrades Kamala and Parvati and they caught them. These unarmed women comrades were tortured and raped but they could not extract even one word from them. The cruel police cut off their hands and legs and finally killed them. Comrade Punem Chanki (Kamala) Chanki (30) was born in Eeral village of Gangalur area, West Bastar (Bijapur district). As she was born in a revolutionary movement area she was associated with the politics from childhood. Sangam activities started since 1987 in that village. Jan Jagran started in 1990. Some anti-social elements of Gangalur and Cherpal villages participated actively in it. Kamala participated actively in the attacks on them. Again in 1997, in the Bhairamgadh and Mirtul areas, Jan Jagran started under Mahendra Karma, the Congress leader. They attacked many villages. Under his leadership, goons attacked Mirtul, Timmam, Japrur, Dumri and Paralnar villages. They beat the Sangam leaders and raped the Sangam women. They forcefully made them eat turmeric rice and take oath that they would not continue in the sangam. In retaliation to this terror, four thousand people attacked the leaders of Jan Jagran in Mirtul in July 1997. As the member of Gangalur KAMS range committe, Kamala led the women in this attack. She was in the forefront in punishing them. The Gangalur KAMS first conference was held in April 1997. In May 1997, 30 years of Naxalbari celebrations were held in Kolkata. DAKMS and KAMS activists attended the meeting in Kolkata. Kamala also attended this along with Karuna who was martyred in Daula raid. With increased revolutionary consciousness, she opposed forced marriages. She worked in the village KAMS and organized women against age old traditions and patriarchy. She led the KAMS in fighting against regressive patriarchal ideas like ‘women should not sit on stools or comb their hairs in front of elders’. She not only organized militia but also gave it training. Gradually she developed to become KAMS range committee leader. She became a PR and joined the Bhairamgadh LOS in April 1998 and worked for some time in Madded too. She became the deputy of a SGS in South Bastar in 1999. Within a few days she was shifted to PL-6 in 2001. She worked with discipline and fulfilled all her responsibilities activity. She took up responsibilities and jobs which were beyond age or experience. She fulfilled them with sincerity and tirelessly. Party had the confidence that if Kamala is given any task, it would be fulfilled well. She behaved responsibly with people. She was in the forefront in teaching them cleanliness, fulfilling their medical needs and in participating in production. She learnt to read and write in the party along with military skills. She participated in the Cherpal ambush and Takilod opportunity raid and ambushes and enthued the people of that area. She was shifted to North Bastar division in 2004. She took up the responsibility of LOS commander of Keskal. In 2007 September East Bastar was formed and Keskal area became part of it. She worked for KAMS as Keskal ACM. When she was in the village, an informer tipped off the police and they caught her along with another Com.Parvati on March 10, 2009. These unarmed women comrades were tortured and raped but they could not extract even one word from them. The cruel police cut off their hands and legs and killed them. The radio conveyed the concocted ‘encounter’ story as usual. Comrade Telam Parvathi The central and state governments had unleashed the fascist Salwa Judum to crush the revolutionary movement in DK from June 2005. It started in the village Kutru of Bhairamgad area in West Bastar. They attacked the people of Konapal in June 2005 but the people heroically resisted and chased the goons away. In that same period under the leadership of Salwa Judum goons Mahesh Gagda and Vikram Mandavi, Salwa Judum goons had attacked the villages Pollevaya, Pondum, Patrapara and Keshkutul with the support of Naga police. Many houses were burnt down, women were raped and innocent people were just gunned down in cold blood. It was white terror everywhere. During this severe repression, the people of Pollevaya stood firmly with the revolutionary movement and fought back the Judum goons. DAKMS, KAMS, CNM and militia stood in the forefront inspiring the people. They told them not to surrender or join the rahath sibirs. It was due to the support provided by them that people could withstand this fascist attack. In this severe repression period, Com. Parvathi stood in the forefront as the Secretary of KAMS committee in the village. Parvathi was born in Pollevaya 21 years ago in Telami family. From her childhood she worked in Bal Sangam. Then she worked in the KAMS and participated in many economic and political struggles. She worked for the increase in wages of tendu leaf labourers and against oppression, corruption of sarpanches and secretaries and against patriarchy on women. After Judum, the village life was torn apart; she rose to the occassion and inspired the youth to join PLGA. When she was working in the KAMS range committee, the Judum people had already conducted two meetings in her village and threatened the people not to support the party. Again Mahendra Karma was about to speak at a meeting. When she came to know that he was coming along with SPOs and goons, she and the other mass leaders told the people not to attend the meeting. So, many of them did not attend it. On that day Karma announced in the meeting that he would keep Parvathi as his keep. Actually he is paternal uncle of Parvathi as per relation. That means she is like a daughter to him by relation. Such is the callouness of Karma! One day while she was bathing in a stream, police began surrounding her to catch her. Since she was a range committee member of KAMS and was working against Judum, her name became famous. She left all her clothes and everything there and began running away from them. They chased her and even fired at her. Two batches of them were chasing her. Finally she escaped. On that day too, they held a meeting and threatened her family members that they would kill them if she did not surrender. She wanted to end all this and dreamt of a society where poor adivasis like her could live peacefully. So she joined the Bhairamgadh squad in 2005 September. Later she participated in the raid on the Gangulur rahath sibir. On February 10, 2006, she participated in the raid on Bailadilla Hiroli ammunition depot. After she joined the party, her family members were recruited into the SPOs. Such is the divide which the Judum is bringing in the families. They established a camp just five minutes away from her village and their atrocities increased even more. These are the circumstances which are moulding young women like Parvati into stauch revolutionaries. In March 2006, she was transferred to East Bastar. There she participated actively in all the military actions as a member of PL-17. She participated in the firing on police in Ara and Mulle villages. She was transferred to women work in 2007. From then on till her martyrdom, she worked hard to build up KAMS units in Barda area. While working there, she was caught along with Com. Kamala by the police and killed after severe tortures by them on 10-03-2009. http://www.signalfire.org/
  5. Manipur ,RPF chief unmasks ‘hidden agenda’ behind peace-talksImphal, : Irengbam Chaoren, the supremo ofthe proscribed Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) has categorically asserted that ‘peace-talks and ceasefire’ which are often termed as ‘dialogue’ between armed groups and the Indian Government have been used as an instrument to shield their hidden agenda to confuse the ‘oppressed masses’ in the name of peace and prosperity in the North East region.In his message to the people on theeve of 35th raising day of RPF (Independence Demand Day), Chaoren said, “Our history testifies Manipur was a self-reliant independent political entity which has today been enslaved by India’s colonialism.As the contradiction becomes more and more eminent, the fight against colonialism is a historical necessity for the Manipuris and has reached a ripening level today. The onus that lies with the people of Manipur is to be consolidated and enhanced further as the global opinion is wrapped in deliberate denial diplomacy towards India’s colonial ambitions in our region”. Chaoren went on to say that “the time is ripe to bring home a conclusive understanding that the tall claims of ushering in peace in the State of Manipur would nowhere result in securing the people’s complete freedom and independence… Lal Salam
  6. http://socialiststories.net/liberate/The%20Unknown%20Cultural%20Revolution%20-%20Dongping%20Han.pdf
  7. National unity govt be formed: CPN-Maoist General Secretary KATHMANDU, FEB 26 – General Secretary of the CPN-Maoist , Ram Bahadur Thapa, has demanded that a national unity government should be formed including all political parties and write new constitution through an all-side political conference. Speaking at an interaction organized by the Nepal Rastriya Dalit Mukti Morcha on the occasion of 19th Memorial Day of the first martyr of the People’s War, Dil Bahadur Ramtel, General Secretary Thapa claimed that the current Constituent Assembly was not an independent one and that it could not write pro-people constitution. In a different note, General Secretary Thapa stressed on the need of providing the especial rights instead of reserve quotas. Chairman of the Morcha, Tilak Pariyar, said it was necessary to move ahead to struggle for the dalit’s rights forming joint forum. Similarly, General Secretary of the Nepal Dalit’s Association, Laxmi Pariyar, said it was unfortunate not to make Dalit’s representation in the new government. Ramtel, 14-year-old student from Gorkha district, was killed on Fagun14, 2052 B.S. at the very beginning of the people’s war. http://www.ekantipur.com/2014/02/26/national/national-unity-govt-be-formed-cpn-maoist-general-secretary/385934.html
  8. Naxalite Hardhan Majhi arrested, sent to jail Chandil, Feb 25: Through a special search operation by CRPF Batalian team at Matkadih Village under Chauka Police Station, the team was successful in nabbing a naxalite Hardhan Majhi on Tuesday, Feb 25. Majhi was soon handed over to Chauka Police. On the course of sending Majhi to jail, Chauka Police Station incharge Rajdev Singh talking to the media persons said that Majhi was present in several incidents in the last couple of years. Majhi was also a member of Kundan Pahan group. Singh further said that Majhi was a member of Jan Virodhi Aandolan Samiti and used to collect money from people. Police recovered two CDs, five magazines in which history of naxalites and white paper and several other things. At the press meet ASI RD along with other police officers were present. http://www.avenuemail.in/region/naxalite-hardhan-majhi-arrested-sent-jail/31079/ hree Maoist cadres carrying rewards arrested in Bastar Three Maoists, including two women, who carried rewards on their heads, were arrested from separate places in Maoist-hit Bastar region of Chhattisgarh, the police said in Raipur on Wednesday. Two Maoist cadres were nabbed from the Maraskol forest area under Dhaudai police station limits of Narayanpur district last evening, Narayanpur Additional Superintendent of Police O P Sharma said. A joint squad of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the district police was on a combing operation in the restive Dhaudai region, which is around 350 km away from Chhattisgarh’s state capital Raipur, when it spotted Maoist rebels trying to flee, he said. They were nabbed after a chase. During interrogation, they admitted to their involvement in the Maoist movement, he said. The duo has been identified as Sukhdeyi (48), head of the Kongera Maoist Janatana Sarkar and a wanted woman cadre who carried a reward of Rs 5,000 on her head, and Dasu Ram Salaam (24), a member of the Daula Local Operation Squad, he said. In a separate incident, a wanted Maoist was arrested from his residence in Maalnar village under the Mardapal police station limits of Kondagaon district late last evening, a senior police official said. A joint patrol of the CRPF and the district police force was on an area domination operation in the forests of Mardapal when it received a tip-off about the presence of a Maoist cadre in the Maalnar village. The arrested Maoist has been identified as Mate Bai, a member of the Chema Jan Militia who carried a reward of Rs 5,000 on her head, the official said. All three arrested Maoists were allegedly involved in several cases including loot, arson and murder, he said. http://ibnlive.in.com/news/three-maoist-cadres-carrying-rewards-arrested-in-bastar/454514-3-235.html Anti-Naxal ops: BSF to get two new choppers New Delhi: The BSF air wing will get two new advanced military helicopters by this year-end for aiding security forces in anti-Naxal operations. The new choppers, Mi-17 (V-5 variants), are part of the first batch of the machines which will be delivered to the Border Security Force under the eight-helicopter deal that the force is expected to get as part of modernisation of its air fleet. “We are hopeful of getting two helicopters by this year-end, preferably in September. This is part of the eight- chopper package that our air wing is supposed to get,” BSF chief Subhash Joshi told PTI. The new choppers will add to the existing fleet of eleven helicopters which are currently tasked to carry troops, material and casualty evacuation in Naxal violence affected states. Both Indian Air Force and BSF choppers are part of this existing fleet. Joshi said the new choppers are expected to be deployed first in the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) theatre. These helicopters are advanced versions of the existing fleet of Mi-17s and will be equipped with sophisticated avionics and on-board navigation systems making them more suitable for both day and night operations in Naxal-affected areas. The Mi-17 V-5 helicopters have an on-board weather radar along with the state-of-the art autopilot and latest night vision devices which are at present not available with the Mi-17s. The BSF, country’s largest border guarding force, is the nodal authority for operating the air wing under the Home Ministry and its ALH ‘Dhruv’ and Mi-17 choppers are used by all the seven paramilitary forces of the country like CRPF, ITBP, SSB, CISF, Assam Rifles for various tasks and by the elite counter-terror force NSG for training of commandos and VIP travel. http://zeenews.india.com/news/delhi/anti-naxal-ops-bsf-to-get-two-new-choppers_914233.html Maoist killed in Gumla gunfight GUMLA: A Maoist was gunned down in a police encounter at Icha village under Ghaghra police station, 40 km off the district town, early on Tuesday. The security forces recovered an SLR and other items from the encounter site during a search operation. The slain rebel has not yet been identified as yet, police said. According to police, they had specific information about the presence of some 25-30 Maoists led by their commanders Sushil Gounjhu and Ranjeet in Icha village on Monday night. A big contingent of security forces led by ASP Pawan Kumar, SDPO D K Pande and CRPF deputy commandant, AK Singh was dispatched for the onslaught of the Maoists. As soon as they reached the village, the rebels started firing gunshots at them. Police too retaliated with fire at about 1.30 am, said Gumla SP Rakesh Bansal after visiting the spot. In the encounter which continued for about two hours, a Maoist was killed and a SLR, a rucksack shawl, shoes etc were recovered, he said. They had possibly gone to Icha village to take on members of a rival group called Jharkhand Jan Mukti Parishad (JJMP) led by its supremo Manjeet, a source revealed. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/Maoist-killed-in-Gumla-gunfight/articleshow/31037762.cms Naxalites slay Balapam sarpanch near Hyderabad CHINTAPALLI (Visakhapatnam): Striking terror in the hearts of locals as well as police personnel ahead of the elections, Maoists killed the recently elected sarpanch of Balapam panchayat, a Red stronghold, in Chintapalli in the wee hours of Tuesday for contesting the elections against their order. The 38-year-old sarpanch, Sinderi Karla, was hacked to death by a group of Naxals after being dragged out of his house at Rallagedda of Balapam panchayat. Karla is survived by his wife and two children. According to sources, around 50 Naxals and militia members led by Maoist leaders Kiran and Azad entered the village around 2.30 am on Tuesday, tied up Karla’s hands and dragged him out of his house. The Naxals told the sarpanch’s wife that they wanted to discuss some issues with him and also hold a meeting in the village. They took him to a martyrs’ pylon on the outskirts of the village. Interestingly, Karla was one of the persons instrumental in constructing the martyrs’ pylon, sources said Raju told media persons that he soon heard his brother’s cries for help and after a few minutes the villagers found Karla lying lifeless in a pool of blood with a deep wound on his neck. The Reds left a note on Karla’s body warning Prem Singh, Sobhan, Soma Raju, Nooka Raju and Sanjeeva Rao that they would meet the same fate if they did not leave the village along with their families. Alleging that Karla was a police informer, the note also accused him of colluding with the Annavaram and Chintapalli police and playing a key role in illegal arrests and surrenders as well as in harassing people agitating for their rights on coffee plantations and at bauxite mines. They also accused him of playing a key role in laying roads along with the Essar pipeline. The note, left in the name of the Korukonda committee, also alleged that Karla had contested the local body elections though nobody was willing to contest or vote. The Naxals said they had warned Karla through letters, leaflets and the Praja court, but he did not heed their warnings. Karla was unanimously elected sarpanch of Balapam panchayat last month and reportedly joined the YSR Congress Party (YSRCP). The Balapam panchayat election was postponed in August last year when no one was willing to contest in the wake of Maoist threats. According to sources, Karla, who was a strong Maoist sympathiser, was among the 75 Maoist militia members and sympathizers that surrendered before the police in 2012. After the surrenders, the police got access to the village that was once considered to be a Maoist stronghold in the Korukonda tracts. Visakha Rural SP Vikram Jeet Duggal told TOI that the police had warned Karla three days ago that he was on the Maoist hit list. “We had warned him to leave the village for a safer place for a few days, but he was confident that the Naxals would not do anything to him if he was in the village,” Duggal said, adding that the Naxals were ironically targeting innocent tribals that they were claiming to be fighting for. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/Naxalites-slay-Balapam-sarpanch-near-Hyderabad/articleshow/31008961.cms http://www.signalfire.org/
  9. I came across this site for Communist Party of Ireland Marxist-Leninist. http://cpimleire.wordpress.com/ Does anyone now if they are an actual group? does anyone know anything about them?
  10. Vietnam Army General Giap dies at 102 Legendary general Vo Nguyen Giap was known for scripting Vietnam's victory in wars against France and US. General Vo Nguyen Giap, architect of Vietnam's military victories over France and the United States, has died, family members and government officials said. Giap, 102, died on Friday evening in a military hospital in the capital of Hanoi where he had spent close to four years growing weaker and suffering from long illnesses. The son of a peasant scholar, he was considered the mastermind of the defeat of France in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu and the communist victory over US-backed South Vietnam two decades later. In a 2004 interview, Giap preached peace and said Vietnam's independence wars were a "victory for colonised countries all over the world". Born on August 25, 1911, in central Vietnam, Giap became a close friend of the late president, Ho Chi Minh, and was held in high regard alongside the former prime minister, Pham Van Dong. Gutsy general The so-called ''red Napoleon'' stood out as the leader of rebels who wore sandals made of car tires and lugged their artillery piece by piece over mountains to encircle and crush French forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. The unlikely victory, which is still studied at military schools, led to Vietnam's independence and hastened the collapse of colonialism across Indochina and beyond. Giap went on to defeat the US-backed South Vietnam government in April 1975, reuniting a country that had been split into Communist and non-Communist states. He regularly accepted heavy combat losses to achieve his goals. "No other wars for national liberation were as fierce or caused as many losses as this war," Giap said in 2005. Giap's nemesis, the late US General William Westmoreland, said he was effective partly because he was willing to suffer such losses in pursuit of victory. "Any American commander who took the same vast losses as General Giap would have been sacked overnight," Westmoreland said in Stanley Karnow's 1983 book, Vietnam: A History More than a million of Giap's troops died in what is known in Vietnam as the “American War". "We had to use the small against the big; backward weapons to defeat modern weapons," Giap said. "At the end, it was the human factor that determined the victory." Shrinking influence Giap is known to have opposed several important military decisions, including the costly move in 1968 to delay the withdrawal of forces from unsustainable positions in South Vietnam during the Tet Offensive. In 1975 he held back again on a decision by Hanoi to commit all its forces - leaving the capital unprotected - to the Spring campaign which climaxed in late April with the fall of Saigon, now called Ho Chi Minh City. Later, he opposed Hanoi's decision to maintain an occupying force in Cambodia following Vietnam's late-1978 invasion. This, coupled with long-harboured resentment by some members of the establishment towards him, is said to have contributed to his declining political influence after the war years. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/10/vietnam-army-general-giap-dies-at-102-2013104151320441191.html
  11. Get jailed comrades out, legally or illegally September 17, 2013 By jeffrey dean All routes, legal and illegal, must be explored to get jailed Maoist leaders out, CPI(Maoist) top gun Muppalla Lakshmana Rao aka Ganapathy has written in a secret letter to his comrades. This is critical to fill the leadership crisis in the outfit, the CPI(Maoist) general secretary has made clear in his 17-page letter. The task of the outfit’s leaders outside jail is to help the jailed comrades come out, either by obtaining bail or by jailbreak. As an example of the ‘illegal’ means, he has mentioned the Chaibasa jailbreak on January 17, 2011, when three senior rebel leaders of the Jharkhand unit — Motilal Soren, Raghunath Hembram and Mangru Mahato — escaped by cutting the ventilators of their cells and jail godown. On page 11, Ganapathy writes, “A few comrades have broken jails, ridiculing the enemy’s stern vigilance and surveillance system that are becoming stricter and more rigid day by day and joined the revolutionary movement again.” Over the past three years, the CPI(Maoist) has suffered severe loss of leadership with senior leaders Kishenji and Azad being killed in police encounters, and Kobad Ghandy, Amitabh Bagchi, Saheb Chatterjee ending up in jail. Except three, all central committee leaders of the outfit who worked outside the guerilla zones have been arrested or killed, leading to a leadership crisis, Ganapathy admits. The shadowy Ganapathy’s call to his cadre is likely to create a flutter. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has termed Maoist insurgency, which began in the late 1960s, the country’s “greatest internal security challenge”. Ganapathy also asked jailed comrades to keep their “revolutionary spirit” intact. “Jails must be turned into centres of political training and struggle… we hope that all comrades will try to carry on studies with a long term view, to improve physical fitness, to preserve health, to write and send articles in various forms to the party magazines, to do literary work, to write experiences and send to the party and to well utilise the time in several ways.” Ganapathy’s letter has also analysed in detail the condition of the Maoist movement across the country, dissecting the reasons for the setbacks it has faced between 2010 and 2013. The CPI(Maoist) boss is believed to be in a hideout in Dantewada, Chhattisgarh. MORE… http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-...1-1122870.aspx
  12. Che's rebel spirit rears its head again GORDON DEEGAN – 13 SEPTEMBER 2013 THE rebel spirit of Che Guevara lives on in Kilkee – where locals have painted fresh images of the Cuban revolutionary, following a council move to scrub out an existing mural.The appearance of two murals of the historic figure follows Clare County Council's removal of a large mural ofChe Guevara on the Alley Walls last week. The appearance of the two new murals – one of the side of the Marine Hotel – comes ahead of the third annual Che do Bheatha festival celebrating Che Guevara's visit to Kilkee in 1961. Local businessman and founding member of the Kilkee Chamber of Commerce, John Williams, described it as "a spontaneous reaction by local people to the high-handed way in which the council removed the mural". The council removed the mural last week, saying it contravened Local Government legislation and was deemed graffiti. http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/ches-rebel-spirit-rears-its-head-again-29575809.html
  13. September 11th marks an important event in history. On that date in 1973 the revolutionary government in Chile that was democratically elected by the people was overthrown by a fascist coup that was back and sponsored by U.S imperialism. And the Chileans people's leader that was democratically elected president Salvador Allende was killed. As president he put in place policy's of nationalization and collectivization. The Chilean ruling class wasn't happy with Allende's socialization. So on September 11th 1973. the revolutionary government was overthrown and a fascist dictatorship was set up, at the head of fascist dictatorship was General Augusto Pinochet. Here is a speech made by Salvador Allende, it was is first speech in the Chilean parliament after his election. https://www.marxists.org/archive/allende/1970/september/20.htm
  14. Chairman Mao died this day, the 9th of September 1976. Mao was a true revolutionary and hero of the worker's of the world. His theory's contributed a lot to Marxism. "The son of a peasant farmer, Mao Tse-tung was born in the village of Shao Shan, Hunan province in China. At age 27, Mao attended the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in Shanghai, in July 1921. Two years later he was elected to the Central Committee of the party at the Third Congress. From 1931 to 1934, Mao helped established the Chinese Soviet Republic in SE China, and was elected as the chairman. Starting in October 1934, "The Long March" began – a retreat from the SE to NW China. In 1937, Japan opened a full war of aggression against China, which gave the Chinese Communist Party cause to unite with the nationalist forces of the Kuomintang. After defeating the Japanese, in an ensuing civil war the Communists defeated the Kuomintang, and established the People’s Republic of China, in October 1949. Mao served as Chairman of the Chinese People’s Republic until after the failure of the Great Leap Forward, in 1959. Still chariman of the Communist Party, in May 1966 Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution with a directive denouncing "people like Khrushchev nestling beside us." In August 1966, Mao wrote a big poster entitled "Bombard the Headquarters." Served as Party chairman until his death in 1976." https://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/m/a.htm#mao-tse-tung
  15. Today in history September 2, 1969 - Hồ Chí Minh dies. "Ho Chi Minh, real name Nguyen Tat Thanh (1890-1969), Vietnamese Communist leader and the principal force behind the Vietnamese struggle against French colonial rule. Ho was born on May 19, 1890, in the village of Kimlien, Annam (central Vietnam), the son of an official who had resigned in protest against French domination of his country. Ho attended school in Hue and then briefly taught at a private school in Phan Thiet. In 1911 he was employed as a cook on a French steamship liner and thereafter worked in London and Paris. After World War I, using the pseudonym Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot), Ho engaged in radical activities and was in the founding group of the French Communist party. He was summoned to Moscow for training and, in late 1924, he was sent to Canton, China, where he organized a revolutionary movement among Vietnamese exiles. He was forced to leave China when local authorities cracked down on Communist activities, but he returned in 1930 to found the Indochinese Communist party (ICP). He stayed in Hong Kong as representative of the Communist International. In June 1931 Ho was arrested there by British police and remained in prison until his release in 1933. He then made his way back to the Soviet Union, where he reportedly spent several years recovering from tuberculosis. In 1938 he returned to China and served as an adviser with Chinese Communist armed forces. When Japan occupied Vietnam in 1941, he resumed contact with ICP leaders and helped to found a new Communist-dominated independence movement, popularly known as the Vietminh, that fought the Japanese. In August 1945, when Japan surrendered, the Vietminh seized power and proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) in Hanoi. Ho Chi Minh, now known by his final and best-known pseudonym (which means the “Enlightener”), became president. The French were unwilling to grant independence to their colonial subjects, and in late 1946 war broke out. For eight years Vietminh guerrillas fought French troops in the mountains and rice paddies of Vietnam, finally defeating them in the decisive Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. Ho, however, was deprived of his victory. Subsequent negotiations at Geneva divided the country, with only the North assigned to the Vietminh. The DRV, with Ho still president, now devoted its efforts to constructing a Communist society in North Vietnam. In the early 1960s, however, conflict resumed in the South, where Communist-led guerrillas mounted an insurgency against the U.S.-supported regime in Saigon. Ho, now in poor health, was reduced to a largely ceremonial role, while policy was shaped by others. On September 3, 1969, he died in Hanoi of heart failure. In his honor, after the Communist conquest of the South in 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh was not only the founder of Vietnamese communism, he was the very soul of the revolution and of Vietnam's struggle for independence. His personal qualities of simplicity, integrity, and determination were widely admired, not only within Vietnam but elsewhere as well." - Marxist.org
  16. Testimony from victims strongly suggests it was the rebels, not the Syrian government, that used Sarin nerve gas during a recent incident in the revolution-wracked nation, a senior U.N. diplomat said Monday. Carla del Ponte, a member of the U.N. Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, told Swiss TV there were “strong, concrete suspicions but not yet incontrovertible proof,” that rebels seeking to oust Syrian strongman Bashar al-Assad had used the nerve agent. But she said her panel had not yet seen any evidence of Syrian government forces using chemical weapons, according to the BBC, but she added that more investigation was needed. Damascus has recently facing growing Western accusations that its forces used such weapons, which President Obama has described as crossing a red line. But Ms. del Ponte’s remarks may serve to shift the focus of international concern. Ms. del Ponte, who in 1999 was appointed to head the U.N. war crimes tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda, has sometimes been a controversial figure. She was removed from her Rwanda post by the U.N. Security Council in 2003, but she continued as the chief prosecutor for the Yugoslav tribunal until 2008. Ms. del Ponte, a former Swiss prosecutor and attorney general, told Swiss TV: “Our investigators have been in neighboring countries interviewing victims, doctors and field hospitals. According to their report of last week, which I have seen, there are strong, concrete suspicions but not yet incontrovertible proof of the use of sarin gas, from the way the victims were treated.” She gave no further details, the BBC said. The UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria was established in August 2011 to examine alleged violations of human rights in the Syrian conflict which started in March that year. It is due to issue its next report to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva in June. Rebel Free Syrian Army spokesman Louay Almokdad denied that rebels had use chemical weapons. “In any case, we don’t have the mechanism to launch these kinds of weapons, which would need missiles that can carry chemical warheads, and we in the FSA do not possess these kind of capabilities,” Mr. Almokdad told CNN. “More importantly, we do not aspire to have (chemical weapons) because we view our battle with the regime as a battle for the establishment of a free democratic state. … We want to build a free democratic state that recognizes and abides by all international accords and agreements — and chemical and biological warfare is something forbidden legally and internationally.” http://p.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/may/6/syrian-rebels-used-sarin-nerve-gas-not-assads-regi/
  17. PFLP condemns US threats and Western aggression against Syria The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine condemned US and Western threats and aggression against Syria, denouncing these countries’ threats to wage an illegal war and exacerbate the explosive situation in the region. The US is threatening severe harm to the Syrian people and the Arab people, through a lengthy conflict that threatens its future, the sovereignty and unity and its territory, that will benefit no one but warmongers and predators of neocolonialism, domination and occupation in perpetuating the enslavement of the region, its peoples and its wealth. The Front rejected the Zionist and imperialist aggression and external intervention in all forms and warned against the crocodile tears of the forces of war and aggression against the Syrian and Arab people, who are doing all they can to prevent a political solution that can save the people and the nation and stop the bloodshed in Syria, The same forces provide their utmost support to the occupation of Palestine and the torture of its people for over a century. The Front warned of the role of the Arab League or some Arab or Muslim states being used by the advocates of war and aggression in an attempt to provide cover for this dirty war. The people of the region and their children will be the ones who pay for it, again and again. http://pflp.ps/english/2013/08/pflp-condemns-us-threats-and-western-aggression-against-syria/
  18. New People’s Army defends environment, ancestral domain August 25, 2013 More punitive actions shall be meted out by the New People’s Army to the reactionary armed forces and capitalist invaders in Loreto and other towns in Agusan del Sur to defend the masses from encroachment, human rights atrocities and dislocation. It is only proper and rightful on the part of the Lumad Manobos and peasant masses to stand up and defend themselves against the onslaught of landgrabbing and plunder of their ancestral lands. That they shield their families from the abuses of the Philippine Army and evacuate to safer sanctuaries like Davao City reflect their independent tenacity and militant struggle to defend what is rightly theirs. As they expose the gross neglect and reactionary stance of civilian authorities like Gov. Eddiebong Plaza and Mayor Dario Otaza, they are rightfully holding the latter accountable for the torture, intimidation, and reign of terror perpetrated by the enemy. While the peasant masses and national minorities struggle to defend their ancestral domain, Red fighters are determined to raise its capability to launch more and bigger tactical offensives against the enemies of the people. Operatives belonging to the Comval North Davao South Agusan Sub regional Command-NPA have launched series of ambuscades against elements of the 26th Infantry Battalion and the 76th IB under the 4th Infantry Division-AFP since July to punish them for serving as goons to Loreto Mayor Otaza and his capitalist masters. The punitive actions, in the form of command detonated explosions and sniping operations have yielded to date 27 casualties in the Philippine Army and bagani paramilitary forces. On July 27, the NPA harassed a team of soldiers in Binucayan, Sitio Onion twice during dawn time and in the afternoon; 2 soldiers belonging to the 76th IB and one paramilitary bagani were killed. On August 1, the NPA ambushed using a capto explosive in Barangay Pangkat hitting a military truck km40, killing four and wounding eight elements of the 26th IB. Since July 28 to August 7 in Brgy. Sabud Mansanitas, the soldiers were sniped by the NPA seven times wherein four 26th IB soldiers were killed and two were wounded. On August 8 at 6am, the NPA ambushed the 26th IB soldiers in Barangay Kauswagan, killing five and wounding one. The NPA abides with the strict command and regulations of the People’s Democratic Government to thwart any AFP unit from entering guerrilla zones and prevent these troops from spewing tyranny and committing the worse forms of atrocities to the people. Red fighters follows orders to seize all opportunities in order to mete out blows against the fascist troops and punish them for bringing in companies that violate the policies and laws of the revolutionary government. The NPA undertakes punitive operations against notorious enemy elements, despotic businessmen and landlords, and known civilian assets—some of whom are under cover of business or government entities. The entry of palm oil and large-scale mining companies in Loreto violates the policies set forth by the revolutionary government on environmental protection, against plunder of the country’s remaining natural resources and defense of ancestral territories. It directly contravenes the land reform program of the People’s Democratic Government. As peasants and Lumads wallow in abject poverty in Loreto and other towns in Agusan del Sur, capitalists are salivating over its untapped resources for palm oil and mining wealth. The world’s leading palm oil magnate New British Palm Oil Limited is eyeing 36,000 hectares covering 11 villages in Loreto. Last year, individual agents for bugang and biofuel investors have approached Lumads and attempt to obtain their ancestral lands. The sharks offered to rent out ancestral lands for a fee of P35,000 for every hectare, covering a period of 25 years. Simple math would show that the lowly peasant or Lumad owner would only earn P1,400 a year or a measly P117 a month or P4 a day. The masses are not fooled and can see through these wildly exploitative schemes. They, who have suffered from Typhoon Pablo and the continuing neglect of the US-Aquino regime, realize that these quick-money maneuvers are hugely disadvantageous. They realize that no genuine development can be had by the biofuel, palm oil plantations, nor in natural gas mining—projects that are heavily endorsed by the local reactionary government. Indeed, true development is only within reach for the thousands of peasants in Loreto and in the countryside under the agrarian revolution program of the People’s Democratic Government. The NPA intensifies the armed struggle as the people advance the agrarian revolution. It is in direct contrast to the military’s so-called peace and development programs and the local government’s red carpet treatment for capitalist investors. Thus, it is only through the people’s democratic revolution, not the military’s peace and development nor the pseudo development programs of the local government that can truly change the lives of peasants and Lumads in Loreto and elsewhere in the countryside. The main content of the revolution is the fulfillment of the peasants’ demand for land and eradication of feudal and semi-feudal exploitation. Drastically reducing land rent, eliminating usury, free distribution of land and promoting productive cooperation-—these are activities that the 26th IB and 76th IB, paramilitary and the local reactionary government cannot surely do. Letting peasant associations function as cooperatives and mutual aid groups and permitting peasants to freely develop their own farms while cultivating communal farms are alien concepts in the so-called peace and development program of Oplan Bayanihan. Thus, any pledge on the part of the military and the local reactionary bureaucracy in Agusan to give the peasants peace would merely be deceptive. The military and Mayor Otaza are intent in dismantling people’s organizations and structures that protect and serve the interest of the masses. Mayor Otaza himself has vowed to destroy the farms of the masses and wipe out the NPA during his term. In the face of an extremely militarist and arrogant bureaucracy, and by further exploiting and oppressing the masses, the reactionary state merely foment people’s resistance and revolutionary tide. (sgd.) Aris Francisco Spokesperson Comval North Davao South Agusan Sub Regional Command http://www.systemiccapital.com/new-peoples-army-defends-environment-ancestral-domain/
  19. I was thinking that myself. But Iv noticed a lot recently that a lot of different Republican groups are using the term "genuine Republican" in their statements. I don't like the term because who determines who is a "genuine republican" and who isn't. And I hope its not going to be used like the term "Dissident Republican".
  20. Czech Communists may get share of power after snap election August 21, 2013 By Jana Mlcochova and Robert Muller PRAGUE, Aug 20 (Reuters) – The Czech parliament voted on Tuesday to dissolve itself, triggering an early election that could hand the Communist Party a share in power for the first time since a bloodless revolution ended the party’s totalitarian rule two decades ago. Opinion polls show that the centre-left Social Democrats will be the biggest party, but they will need support from other groups to govern and the leader of the party said he would talk to the Communists about forming a partnership. In the eyes of many people in the country of 10 million people, the Communists are linked to 41 years of repression. But by being out of power for so long, the party has escaped the taint of sleaze that has tarnished the governments that took over from it. Tuesday’s vote to dissolve parliament came about after the previous government folded under charges from prosecutors that an aide to the prime minister, who was also his lover, had his wife put under surveillance. The dissolution was supported by 140 members of the 200-seat lower house of parliament. The president, Milos Zeman, must now schedule an election, likely to be at the end of October. In an interview with Reuters before the dissolution vote, Social Democrat leader Bohuslav Sobotka said he hoped his party would form a minority government backed by other groups. “It is definitely possible to expect negotiations with KSCM (the Communist Party,)” Sobotka said. “The Communists are in a number of town halls and in regional leaderships, and I do not see it causing problems.” But he said his party would not accommodate the Communists’ programme or bring them into a governing coalition. That was a nod to the toxic reputation the Communists still have for many Czechs, and to worries about back-tracking on market reforms in the Czech Republic, one of the more stable emerging markets that has attracted heavy foreign investment. ECONOMIC POLICY Sobotka signalled though that if his party forms a government, its economic policy would be more leftist than the previous centre-right coalition government, with plans to raise taxes for the biggest corporations and for high earners. Before Nobel Peace Prize laureate Vaclav Havel led the 1989 Velvet Revolution to force it out, the Communist party held on to power through its feared secret police and with backing from Red Army tanks which put down the 1968 Prague Spring uprising. Jiri Stransky, a dissident writer imprisoned under Communist rule and a friend of the late Havel’s, said he believed today’s Communists were dangerous populists. “I am saddened that after nearly 24 years the country has ended this way, when we started out so amazingly,” he said. An opinion poll conducted this month by Czech pollster SANEP gave Sobotka’s Social Democrats a 27.0 percent share of the vote, followed by the Communists on 16.7 percent, and the conservative TOP09 party with 13.1 percent. Sobotka could try to win support for a government from other leftist parties, but they are likely to be so small that it will be tough to establish stable rule. That makes a partnership with the Communists the more likely scenario. The party has apologised for Communist-era repression, and its domestic policies are not very far from those of the Social Democrats. They both want corporations to pay more tax, and to ramp up government investment. But Communist lawmakers still call one another “comrade” and the party’s deputy chairman has a portrait of Karl Marx in his office. In foreign policy, the Communists are more hardline. They want to withdraw from the NATO military alliance. The Czech Republic has been in a state of political turmoil since June 13 when police, some wearing balaclavas, raided government offices. Prime Minister Petr Necas resigned after prosecutors charged the head of his office, Jana Nagyova, with ordering intelligence agents to put Necas’s wife under surveillance. Necas, who is divorcing his wife, later said Nagyova was his lover. A caretaker government that took over from Necas failed to win parliament’s support, leading to Tuesday’s vote on dissolving parliament – the only way to break the stalemate. Markets have been largely unfazed by the political turmoil because fiscal rigour under previous governments has given Prague the lowest borrowing costs among central European peers and a debt load which is half the European Union average. But the gridlock has delayed the drafting of the 2014 budget and caused anxiety that, without firm political leadership, the economy will stumble just as it is starting to emerge from nearly two years of recession. http://www.systemiccapital.com/czech-communists-may-get-share-of-power-after-snap-election/
  21. I think this committee is a great idea but I have one question that I hope you can answer for me. Could you tell me what a genuine Irish Republican POW is? The way I see it, there is no such thing a genuine Republican. A person is either a Republican or he/she isn't. A person cant genuinely tell the truth, they either tell the truth or they don't. There is no middle ground.
  22. Maoist Halt $2 billion Coal Power Project New Delhi: Jindal Steel and Power Ltd, which is building two electricity plants in eastern India at a cost of $2 billion, halted all work following death threats from Maoist guerillas against developing an adjoining coal mine. “Our people are mortally scared to go into the area,” managing director Ravi Uppal said in an interview in New Delhi, where the company controlled by billionaire lawmaker Naveen Jindal is based. “We’ve asked the government for security. We’ll not move ahead unless our safety is guaranteed.” Halting the projects in Jharkhand jeopardizes Jindal Steel’s plan to increase generation capacity more than 10-fold in seven years and underscores the risk the Maoists pose to industry. The rebels are adding to challenges Prime Minister Manmohan Singh faces as he tackles the slowest pace of economic growth in a decade, the rupee’s plunge to a record and an unprecedented current-account deficit. The rebels, who have waged a war against the government from dense forests, draw support from villagers who believe they have a natural right to the mineral resources lying beneath their habitat. Singh has called Maoists the greatest threat to India. In May, about 300 armed rebels killed 27 people including senior leaders of Singh’s ruling Congress. http://www.systemiccapital.com/maoist-halt-2-billion-coal-power-project/