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  1. Building the People’s Army and Waging the People’s War By Prof. Jose Maria Sison Comrades and Friends: I wish to express my greetings of solidarity to all of you in this informative and cultural gathering organized by the International Office of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) to celebrate the 45th anniversary of the founding of the New People’s Army (NPA) by the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP). I am deeply pleased and highly honored to be invited to speak on the building of the New People’s Army and waging the people’s war in the Philippines. I wish to share with you basic information and ideas on the following: first, the circumstances and reasons for founding the NPA, second, the growth and victories in the people’s war and third, the prospects of the people’s war. With boundless joy, I recall how I presided over the founding of this revolutionary army of the Filipino people on March 29, 1969 in my capacity as Chairman of the the CPP Central Committee and and its Military Commission. This is a time to give the highest honors to the martyrs and heroes and to congratulate all the Red commanders and fighters for all the victories won through hard work, sacrifices and relentless struggle. Let us give a special Red salute to Comrades Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Austria for their long service to the Filipino people and new democratic revolution. They have contributed greatly to the growth and advance of the revolutionary forces of the people. They are senior field consultants of the NDFP in the peace negotiations between the Manila government and the NDFP. We demand their immediate release in accordance with the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees mutually approved since 1995 by the aforesaid negotiating parties. I. Circumstances and Reasons for Founding the NPA Since the Philippine revolution of 1896, the Filipino people have fought for national and social liberation against foreign and feudal domination. But since the US defeated the Philippine republic in the Filipino-American War that started in 1899, the Filipino people have been subjected once more to foreign and feudal domination and have repeatedly sought to complete the struggle for national independence and democracy. The formation of the Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon in 1942 resulted in the most serious struggles of the people to liberate themselves from the Japanese fascist occupation during World War II and from the US-dominated puppet government up to the early 1950s. But serious opportunist errors of the leadership of the old merger party of the Communist and Socialist parties led to defeat. The rectification of these errors from 1966 onwards paved the way for the reestablishment of the Communist Party of the Philippines in 1968 and founding of the New People’s in 1969. Since 1946, when the US granted nominal independence, the ruling system in the Philippines has become semi-colonial politically; i.e. ruled indirectly by the US through its Filipino political agents. It has retained its semi-feudal character economically; i.e. maintained directly by the comprador big bourgeoisie and landlord class and their political agents in collaboration with the US and other foreign monopoly capitalists. The Filipino people aspire to free themselves from oppression and exploitation. Thus, the CPP has put forward the general line of people’s democratic revolution through protracted people’s war. This program seeks to realize national independence and democracy, social justice, land reform and national industrialization, a national, scientific and mass culture, international solidarity and peace. The working class is the leading class in the democratic and socialist stages of the revolution. The peasantry is the main force of the revolution and demands the agrarian revolution. It serves as the largest source of personnel and inexhaustible resource base for the people’s army and people’s war. It provides the widest physical and social terrain for the people’s army to maneuver against the enemy in the expanse of the countryside. The armed struggle is the the main form of revolutionary struggle. It answers the central question of revolution, which is the seizure of political power. But the united front is also an important weapon of the revolution. The basic worker-peasant alliance is the foundation of such united front, which includes the urban petty bourgeoisie as one more basic revolutionary ally and further takes on board the national bourgeoisie as a positive though vacillating ally. Under given circumstances, the united front may be further broadened as to take advantage of splits among the reactionaries and thereby aggravate and hasten the isolation and destruction of the enemy. The NPA carries out the strategic line of protracted people’s war, which means encircling the cities from the countryside and accumulating strength until conditions are ripe for the seizure of the cities on a nationwide scale. This strategic line is of decisive importance. It allows the NPA and other revolutionary forces of the people to grow from small to big and from weak to strong. It avoids a war of quick decision which favors the militarily far superior enemy forces. In a protracted people’s war, the NPA has the chance to develop in stages. At first, it takes the strategic defensive against the enemy’s strategic offensive but launches guerrilla warfare, waging tactical offensives that it can win until it has accumulated enough strength to put the enemy in a strategic stalemate. Through a combination of regular mobile warfare and guerrilla warfare during the strategic stalemate, it can destroy the enemy forces faster and change the balance of forces until it puts the enemy on the strategic defensive and reaches the strategic offensive. In carrying out the people’s war, the NPA integrates armed struggle with agrarian revolution and mass base building. It gains the inexhaustible support of the peasantry only by carrying out the agrarian revolution. The fulfillment of the peasant demand for land is the main content of the democratic revolution. The mass base of the revolution must also be built by forming the mass organizations, the local organs of political power and the local CPP branches. Thus, wave upon wave, the people’s democratic government replaces the power of the reactionary state. The agrarian revolution is done in two stages. The first is the minimum land reform program, which involves rent reduction, elimination of usury, fair wages to the farm workers, fair prices for products at the farm gate and raising production in agriculture and sideline occupation through rudimentary cooperation. The second is the maximum land reform program, which involves the confiscation of land from the landlords and the free and equable distribution of the land to the landless tillers. The anti-feudal united front relies mainly on the poor peasants and farm workers, wins over the middle peasants and takes advantage of the splits among the landlords in order to isolate and destroy the power of the despotic landlords. The local organs of political power constitute the people’s democratic government and are established at the barrio, municipal and higher possible levels. The barrio revolutionary committees are assisted by working committees concerned with mass organizing, public education, land reform, production, health care, defense, arbitration, cultural activities and so on. They are supported by the mass organizations of workers, peasants, women, youth, children, cultural activists and so on in the implementation of social programs, campaigns and activities. The local CPP branch that arises from the local mass base takes the lead in mass work and governance.. II. Growth and Victories of the NPA Under the leadership of the CPP, the NPA and other revolutionary forces of the people have preserved themselves, grown in strength and won great victories since the founding of the NPA in 1969 because they have a just revolutionary cause, which is the national and social liberation of the people from the terrible scourges of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat capitalism. They have a clear program of people’s democratic revolution, the correct strategy and tactics and a definite socialist perspective. We started the NPA from scratch in the second district of Tarlac in 1969. We had only 9 automatic rifles and 26 other inferior firearms to rotate among 60 Red fighters to whom we had given politico-military training. But we were confident. We had a party that had avidly studied Marxism-Leninism, the revolutionary experience of the Filipino people, the teachings of Comrade Mao Zedong and the writings of Vietnamese comrades on building the people’s army and waging thepeople’s war. We benefited from the guerrilla experience and mass base of 80,000 people in Tarlac as well as from the urban-based mass movement which we had resumed and revitalized.. We anticipated that Tarlac would become the focus of enemy attacks as soon as we launched tactical offensives in the people’s war. Thus, we recognized immediately the urgent need for expansion cadres to start the revolution in as many other regions and provinces as soon as possible. We gave politico-military training to a few expansion cadres for certain provinces in the Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Bikol and Western Visayas. In the period of 1969-72 (before the martial law period), the most successful of the expansion efforts was in the Cagayan Valley, especially Isabela. In 1969-71, in less than two years, we were able to increase the number of NPA rifles to 200 through tactical offensives in Tarlac and we almost captured another 200 rifles from the armory of Camp O’Donnel of the US Navy. We were very successful at the minimum land reform program and improving the housing of many people. As early as 1969, Marcos organized Task Force Lawin, with a total strength of 5000 military troops and policemen. By 1971 the CPP Central Committee had shifted its headquarters to Isabela to direct the rapid growth of the mass base (already about 200,000 people), the land reform campaign, the accelerated politico-military training of expansion cadres for the Northern Luzon and other regions of the country and the intensification of armed struggle with a significant increase of rifles from the successful raid on the armory of the Philippine Military Academy in December 1970. The Marcos regime formed the Task Force Saranay of so many battalions in Isabela after the enemy noticed the use of the Browning automatic rifles captured from the PMA raid. Aside from developing the revolution in a region of strategic importance, the greatest value yielded by building the guerrilla bases and zones in Isabela was the politico-military training and the experience of guerrilla war and mass work given to the trade unionists and youth activists that came from cities all over the country, thanks especially to Kabataang Makabayan and the First Quarter of 1970. By early 1972, a significant number of expansion cadres had flowed out to new areas of expansion nationwide, including the rest of Northeast Luzon, Northwest Luzon, Central Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Bicol, Visayas and Mindanao. As early as 1970, the CPP was already forming regional Party committees to start the people’s war in their respective regions, with the assistance of mass organizations. Such regional Party committees tried to do their best and became ever more successful as they accumulated experience and summed up lessons, including bitter ones, and as they were reinforced by cadres and fighters who had previous politico-military training and guerrilla experience from Tarlac and Isabela. Consequent to the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus in 1971 and the declaration of martial law in 1972, significant numbers of trade unionists and youth activists joined the people’s army. When Marcos declared martial law, he claimed that the NPA had 10,000 fighters but in fact it had only about 350 rifles in the hands of the NPA fighters, excluding the people’s militia and self-defense units of the mass organizations. A relatively big number of national cadres were released from underground administrative functions in 1974 to be integrated into the people’s army and to conduct rural mass work. By December 1975 the country was well covered by relatively stable regional committees of the CPP and regional NPA commands. The two NPA companies that had been isolated in the Isabela forest region since 1972, because of a wrong decision by the regional Party committee, marched out towards Cagayan province in 1975. The NPA in Eastern Visayas started to carry out platoon-size guerrilla offensives and these grew more frequent from 1976 onwards. The NPA grew steadily in Northwest Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Bicol and Western Visayas. It expanded rapidly in Mindanao. It was the first to use the term guerrilla front to define the combination of guerrilla bases and zones in a contiguous area. The CPP Central Committee adopted the use of the term and instructed the Mindanao Party Committee to divide the big region into several regions in 1976. After the 1975 Plenum and the subsequent carrying out of guerrilla offensives nationwide, it became clear that both the CPP and the NPA were truly nationwide forces with deep roots among the masses in the regions and provinces. The point had been reached that the NPA forces could withstand concentrated enemy attacks on one guerrilla front or a whole region and could fight back not only in that guerrilla front or region but also in several regions and guerrilla fronts where the enemy forces were weaker. On a national scale, the CPP and NPA had overcome tremendous odds, become tempered in struggle and gained the strength for continuous growth. When I was captured in November 1977, the NPA was already at the level of 1500 automatic rifles, excluding the far bigger number of men and women in the people’s militia and self defense units. I was confident that the CPP and NPA would grow in strength further and become a major factor in the overthrow of the Marcos fascist dictatorship. The NPA reached the level of 3000 rifles in 1983 and 5600 automatic rifles in 1986. Fearing the growth of the people’s war, the US, the Catholic church and the big comprador-landlord oligarchs in the country decided within the period of 1984 to 1986 that Marcos had become more of a liability than an asset and had to be removed from power the way Duvalier had been deposed. The people’s army grew in strength and the people’s war spread because of the Maoist leadership in both the CPP and NPA. The cadres and fighters were well-versed on the specific characteristics of the people’s war in the Philippines, the revolutionary guide to land reforms and the urgent tasks in building the mass base. Despite overall growth in the 1980s, a few members of the Central Committee spread the subjectivist notion that the Philippine was no longer semi-feudal and that by implication Marcos had greatly developed the economy with his big comprador-landlord policy dependent on foreign loans. Based on said notion, Right and “Left” opportunism arose and slowed what should have been a faster rate of growth. The opportunists deviated from the analysis of the Philippine economy as semifeudal, the general political line of people’s democratic revolution and the strategic line of protracted people’s war. The worst of the Right opportunists wanted to do away with the working class leadership and make the bourgeois-led united front the main weapon and legal struggle the main form of struggle. The worst of the Left “opportunists” wanted to enlarge and regularize NPA combat units, without minding agrarian revolution and building the mass base. Upon failure of their line, the military adventurists raised a hysteria about deep penetration agents and engaged in witch hunts, thus eroding the strength of the revolutionary movement and the mass base in certain areas at various times from 1985 onwards. Happily, the CPP launched the Second Great Rectification Movement in 1992. Comrades Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Tiamzon played important roles in this educational movement. Since then, the CPP and NPA have won resounding victories in reaffirming basic revolutionary principles and the strategic line of protracted people’s war, regaining the mass base (60 percent of which had been lost by 1991 due to the “Left” opportunist line), revitalizing the mass movement and carrying forward the people’s war. The line of the people’s war has been sharpened as the waging of extensive and intensive guerrilla warfare on the basis of an ever widening and deepening mass base. It has been resoundingly successful. At present, the CPP is reported to have about 150,000 members, the NPA has about 10,000 fighters, the people’s militia tens of thousands of personnel, and the self-defense units hundreds of thousands. The guerrilla fronts number more than 110 covering significant portions of 71 provinces. The mass organizations have members in millions; and the people’s democratic government has millions of people in its territory. Despite the recent arrest of Comrades Tiamzon and Austria, the revolutionary movement of the people will continue to grow in strength and advance. There is a far bigger mass movement now than when Julie and I were captured in 1977. The CPP, NPA and the revolutionary forces of the people have withstood and prevailed over the attempts of the 14-year fascist dictatorship and the subsequent pseudo democratic regimes to destroy them with US-instigated national plans of military suppression and deception, like the current Oplan Bayanihan. It has been proven again and again that the guidance of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the general line of people’s democratic revolution through protracted people’s war are correct and invincible against the rotten ruling system which is in a chronic crisis that is always worsening. III. Prospects of the NPA and People’s War Like the CPP, the NDFP has declared that the general line for people’s democratic revolution for the protracted people’s war is the same line for the peace negotiations with the reactionary government and that the people’s war is justified for so long as the demand of the people for national and social liberation is not satisfied. The revolutionary forces and the people consider the peace negotiations as a way of carrying forward and helping realize their demand for national independence and democracy . They always resist the reactionary government’s obsession of perpetuating the semicolonial and semifeudal system and seeking the capitulation and pacification of the revolutionary movement. They have made clear that they are ever ready for the eventuality that their enemy terminate the peace negotiations. The reactionary government has been brazenly disrespecting and violating existing agreements, like The Hague Joint Declaration, The Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees and the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law. The CPP and NPA are determined to realize the plan to advance from the strategic defensive to the strategic stalemate in the near term and to overthrow the ruling system and establish the people’s democratic revolution in the long run. They intend to bring up the number of CPP members to 250,000, NPA to 25,000, the guerrilla fronts to 200 and the scope of the agrarian revolution and the mass base to many more millions of people. They aim to advance until they reach the strategic offensive in order to overthrow the ruling system and establish the people’s democratic state system. They are confident of advancing from stage to stage in the people’s war because they fight for the just revolutionary cause of the Filipino for national and social liberation, because they have the correct general line and strategy, because they accumulate strength though hard work and struggle and because conditions favorable to the revolution are provided by the unprecedentedly grave and ever worsening crisis of global capitalism and the domestic ruling system. The broad masses of the people suffer terribly from the escalation of exploitation under the neoliberal economic policy, from state terrorism and from the imperialist wars of aggression. But they are driven to fight ever more fiercely for their national and social liberation and for a fundamentally new and better world of greater freedom, social justice, development, cultural upliftment and peace. Prof. Jose Maria Sison Founding Chairman, Communist Party of the Philippines March 30, 2014 MORE… http://www.josemariasison.org/?p=14249&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+JoseMariaSison+%28Jose+Maria+Sison%29
  2. Intensify the offensives to seize further initiative in advancing the people’s war http://www.ndfp.net/web2014/index.php/discourse/2070-intensify-the-offensives-to-seize-further-initiative-in-advancing-the-people-s-war
  3. Indian Maoists Pledge Support for Renewed Tamil Eelam Struggle Indian Maoists pledge support for armed Eelam struggle Indian Maoists have pledged support for another armed struggle by the Sri Lankan Tamils for an independent Eelam. Indian website thatstamil.oneindia.in has quoted Maoist general secretary Muppala Lakshmana Rao alias Ganapathi as having told a pro-naxalite website in an interview that the Eelam struggle has not died down with the passing of LTTE leader Prabhakaran. “It is still alive and we shall support it with arms”. Apparently keeping in mind the Indian experience where naxal groups like Maoist Communist Centre, the People’s War and others have come together and are controlling vast areas in Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal, he said: “The battle for Tamil Eelam is not lost yet. Eelam will blossom one day if all the (Tamil) groups come together and, with changed strategies, resume the struggle” Mr Ganapathi said: “We shall smuggle in sophisticated arms in ultra-modern boats to the rebels to revive the armed struggle in Sri Lanka and nobody can stop us. We are formed groups for this”. Admitting that the Eelam struggle has suffered a big setback, maybe a virtual defeat with the elimination of the LTTE, Mr Ganapathi has said, ” the Eelam movement has now become rudderless, but the thirst for freedom has not died down among the Eelam Tamils”. He said, “there is no change in the situation” which led to the armed struggle for an independent Eelam” in the early 1980s. The “celebration of Prabhakaran’s death by Sinhala chauvinists in Colombo and the encouragement given to them by the fascist Sinhala Government show the Sinhalese’ hatred for Tamils and the Tamil nation”. He also expressed the fear that there would be another State-sponsored colonisation of Tamil areas by the Sinhalese, leading to a change in the demographic pattern in the “Tamil homeland” of northern and eastern provinces. Mr Ganapathi accused the Mahinda Rajapaksa Government of having carried out a “genocide” of Tamils. He expressed anguish over the confinement of displaced Tamils in “internment” camps fenced off by barbed wires and said,”whoever tortures people like this deserve to be punished and no one can stop us from arming these people”. The Maoist leader said “we are not only willing to extend all help the Eelam Tamils achieve their independence but also guide leaders of resistance movements on how to achieve the goal of a Democratic People’s Republic of Tamil Eelam”. Answering questions, Mr Ganapathi said the Maoists had consistently denied having received any arms training from the Tamil Tigers and added, “but we always supported their struggle”. He said “we did receive training from the renegades of the LTTE in the early 1980s, but not in recent times”. Defence experts have from time to time spoken about links between the LTTE and the Maoists and the interview confirms this. Speaking in the Andhra Pradesh Assembly in early 1991, the then Home Minister M V Mysoora Reddy said the Maoists (in their then avatar as People’s War) had acquired 60 AK-47s and 20 Sten guns from the LTTE. This was reiterated in the Lok Sabha, on Dec 10, 1991, by Bandaru Dattatreya, then an opposition MP who later became Minister of State for Railways. In 1995, Mallojula Venugopal, the then secretary of the Dandakaranya Special Zone Committee, claimed that some ex-LTTE cadres had initially trained them in fabricating landmines. Maintaining the same line, Ganapathi himself said in an interview in 1998: “They were not LTTE. They were ex-LTTE. What happened was that these people came to India after leaving their organisation and formed Communist groups. (We) had relations with these groups. As part of that, they held training camps for us”. Further proof of the Maoists’ LTTE links surfaced, once again, when two video cassettes containing LTTE’s training modules were recovered in December 2001 from an arms dump of the rebels in Nelimaliga village of Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh. In the aftermath of the failed Oct 1, 2003 assassination attempt on the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu, the then Deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani said that the rebels had received expertise in using improvised explosive devices (IED) from the LTTE. Speaking to mediapersons in a village in Madhuban block in Supaul district of Bihar, CPI-Maoist spokesman Azad said on Dec 14, 2005 that they had learnt “new warfare tactics from the on-the-run and purged LTTE military commanders in 1986-87″. He added that the LTTE commanders gave them training in making and laying landmines. http://southasiarev.wordpress.com/2009/11/12/indian-maoists-pledge-support-for-renewed-tamil-eelam-struggle/
  4. MAKIBAKA calls on women to join the revolution to end oppression Hundreds of women members of the underground movement MAKIBAKA (Liberated Movement of New Women), a member organization of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) staged a lightning rally at downtown Carriedo, Manila early morning today in celebration of the organization's 43rd anniversary and of the 45th anniversary of the New People’s Army (NPA). MAKIBAKA women also condemned the arrest of revolutionary couple Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Austria, and called for their immediate release. “Wilma Austria, in particular, has been concerned on the impoverished condition of women and children caused by typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda, and was on her way to oversee the rehabilitation efforts in Tacloban specifically of women and victim. She was indignant over the continuous neglect of the Aquino government where the relief goods were only rotting in the warehouses while the Yolanda survivors are suffering from lack of food, shelter, and jobs,” Libertad said. Libertad added, “Wilma is the epitome of a revolutionary woman and cadre who should be exalted and not be incarcerated like an ordinary criminal. She should be released immediately especially that her health is failing.” Masked women called on the people to join the revolution, which they say, is the only solution to change the systemic crisis in the country. Majority of Filipino women are among the poorest sectors in the country. A large portion of them could hardly find a decent job, that is why more than a million women are unemployed. Majority of them are found in agricultural industry where 49% are unpaid workers. Such oppressive condition make women more vulnerable to sexual exploitation and trafficking. Libertad declared, “The crisis continues because President Benigno Simeon Aquino – true to his class – kowtows to the whims of his real bosses, the US government, the top 50 richest families in the country, the big landlords, and the corrupt bureaucrats. He is the ultimate lackey of the US imperialist government and defender of capitalists and bureaucrats." “At the same time, Aquino’s neoliberal policies reveal his utter disregard and abhorrence to the toiling masses, his treacherous sell out of the country to the imperialists, and his corrupt and deceptive methods.” “Thus, it is a just and reasonable act to oust Benigno Simeon Aquino. MAKIBAKA joins the rest of the Filipino people to advance the national democratic revolution. Let us end this oppressive, corrupt, and negligent US-backed regime. Let Aquino pay for the rising poverty in the country! Down with imperialism and all its lackeys like Aquino!” http://www.ndfp.net/web2014/index.php/news/statements/2064-makibaka-calls-on-women-to-join-the-revolution-to-end-oppression
  5. Revolutionary groups press for Tiamzons’ release, refute gov’t claims Members of a revolutionary women’s group marched in downtown Manila to press for the release of Wilma Austria-Tiamzon and Benito Tiamzon, alleged leaders of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and peace consultants for the underground umbrella group National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP). Their faces covered in masks, members of Makabayang Kilusan ng Bagong Kababaihan (Makibaka), an allied organization of NDFP, carried CPP and New People’s Army (NPA) flags and placards condemning the arrest of Austria and Tiamzon, who along with five others, were captured by combined military and police elements in Carcar City, Cebu on Saturday, March 22. The lightning rally was also conducted a few days before NPA’s 45th anniversary on March 29. Malaya Libertad, Makibaka spokesperson, described Austria as an epitome of a revolutionary woman. “She should be exalted and not be incarcerated like an ordinary criminal,” Libertad said. “She should be released immediately especially that her health is failing.” She added that unlike President Aquino, the Tiamzons personally oversaw relief and rehabilitation efforts for victims of typhoon Yolanda in Eastern Visayas. Austria, Libertad said, was in the forefront of rehabilitation efforts specifically for women and children. Illegal arrest? In her letter obtained by Pinoy Weekly, Wilma Austria said that at the time of their arrest, they were carrying identification cards and safe conduct passes issued through the Joint Agreement on Immunity and Safety Guarantee (Jasig). Austria said the arresting officers did not give recognition to it and instead confiscated the documents. Military and government officials insist that the arrest of the couple and their companions were within legal bounds and denied that the Tiamzons are protected from arrest under Jasig. Alex Padilla, chief negotiator for the Government of the Philippines (GPH), said that the Tiamzons have never been in any peace negotiation. “We had not seen even their shadows,” Padilla said. He also added that NDFP consultants who were released by virtue of Jasig returned to the underground movement and continued fulfilling tasks to overthrow the government. He insisted that that Jasig is inoperational due to the stalled peace negotiations. But the NDFP reiterated that the Jasig is still operational even when negotiations are stalled. “Alex Padilla should not use the issue of (NDFP) consultants who returned in the underground after their release,” Austria said. She said it is imperative for NDFP consultants to be with their constituents. “This is to assure that we strictly follow their genuine interest in the process of peace talks,” Austria explained in her letter. Even former government negotiating panel chairman Silvestre H. Bello III urged the government to honor the Jasig. In a Davao Today report, Bello said, “The JASIG took effect upon signing by the parties and will be in effect until it is terminated by either party through a written notice.” He added that the NDFP has two lists–one bearing real names and the other bearing assumed names or aliases. So far, there has been no official termination of the peace negotiations between GPH and NDFP. Revolution continues The CPP has dismissed as “hallucination” claims by the military and some personalities that the arrest of Austria and Tiamzon will “doom” the revolutionary movement. It described as “self-delusional” Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Chief-of-Staff Gen. Emmanuel Bautista’s calls for NPA members to surrender. The CPP said that Aquino has failed to address the root causes of the armed conflict. Majority of Filipinos, it said, still suffers from widespread unemployment, low wages, high prices, land grabbing and landlessness. Widespread human rights abuses have also been committed by the AFP, especially in the countryside. The CPP also said that it has a system of “orderly succession” in case its leaders fall in the hands of their enemy. Prof. Jose Maria Sison, CPP founding chairman and currently NDFP’s chief political consultant, meanwhile, dismissed government officials’ claims that the Tiamzons are at odds with him regarding the peace process. “The Tiamzon couple are in support of the peace negotiations. That’s why they are consultants in the peace negotiations. The claims of high officials and military officers of the reactionary government that the Tiamzon couple are at odds with the CPP founding chairman and the NDFP Negotiating Panel is a malicious intrigue,” Sison said. http://pinoyweekly.org/new/2014/03/revolutionary-groups-press-for-tiamzons-release-refute-govt-claims/
  6. Venezuela President Maduro Arrests 3 Generals in Coup Attempt CARACAS – Venezuela President Nicolas Maduro announced the arrest of three Air Force Generals, saying they planned to execute a coup. “We captured three aviation generals that sought to set the Air Force against the Government. They are with the military courts now,” said Maduro in a meeting with the foreign ministers of the Union of South American Nations (Unasur), who are in Venezuela to investigate the protests that have rocked the country for 7 weeks. Maduro said that the plot collapsed when the three summoned the Bolivarian National Armed Forces, who turned them in. Maduro added that the group of generals “had contact with sectors of the violent opposition.” The generals “claimed that this week was going to be the decisive week,” said Maduro. Maduro claimed that the right to political participation and peaceful protest in Venezuela is fully guaranteed , but “plans to destabilize the country and justify a coup and assassination” would not be allowed. “Some dream of military intervention from a foreign power,” said Maduro. MORE… http://www.laht.com/article.asp?ArticleId=1834314&CategoryId=10717
  7. NPA-Rizal attacks Philippine Army troops in Antipolo City, 8 soldiers wounded Red fighters belonging to the New People’s Army Narciso Antazo Aramil Command (NAAC-NPA-Rizal) attacked government troops belonging to the 59th and 16th Infantry Battalions, Philippine Army in Barangay (village) Calawis, Antipolo City last 3 and 7 March 2014, that resulted to eight government troops wounded. A squad of the NAAC-NPA forces harassed the detachment of 59th Infantry Battalion in Sitio Apya, Barangay Calawis, Antipolo City, early morning of 3 March 2014. A government soldier named Bong Manuva was wounded in this attack. Another Squad of the NAAC-NPA forces attacked members of 16th Infantry Battalion conducting military operations under the guise of "community organizing for peace and development" (COPD) in Barangay Calawis, Antipolo City, at 7:00 pm. Seven government troops were wounded in this attack. This attack forced members of COPD teams to withdraw haphazardly. The residents in the area commented happily that the government soldiers retreated with their tails between their legs, too afraid to be hit by NPA fire. In both attacks, the NPA forces retreated with no casualties on their side. These tactical offensives were launched in response to the peoples cries to to give justice to the victims of military abuses and human rights violations. Members of 59th and 16th Infantry Battalions troops wantonly harass, threaten and maim farmers, settlers and Dumagat tribesmen whom they always suspect as supporters of the revolutionary movement. Thousand of government soldiers conducting military operations in the province with their intelligence units launching massive intelligence gathering operations failed to detect the attacking NPA units. This only shows that their much-vaunted pronouncement that their counter-insurgency OPLAN BAYANIHAN is winning the hearts and mind of the people is proven to be a much-vaunted lie. The people knows who their real army is, which is none other than the New People’s Army and not Philippine government troops whom they hate much. The NPA-Rizal members thrive on the support of the people in the province of Rizal. The increasing capacity of the NPA-Rizal to conduct tactical offensives is an additional proof that OPLAN BAYANIHAN is a complete failure in the province of Rizal. It is an additional testament that General Bautista of AFP is eating his own words when he declared that he will make the NPA forces an insignificant force under his reign in the AFP. Instead of becoming insignificant, the NPA forces will vigorously advance in the struggle to end the semi-colonial and semi-feudal system now ruled by the US-Aquino Regime. Together with the Filipino people, the revolutionary movement will continue the advance the people’s war from strategic defensive to the next higher stage until victory. Long live the Filipino People! Long live the New People’s Army! http://www.ndfp.net/web2014/index.php/news/statements/2060-npa-rizal-attacks-philippine-army-troops-in-antipolo-city-8-soldiers-wounded
  8. After arrest of CPP leaders, military asks NPA members to lay down arms Will this end the 45-year armed struggle of the New People's Army? After nabbing the leader of the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army-National Democratic Front in Cebu, the Armed Forces of the Philippines on Sunday asked the insurgents to surrender. "We call [on] the rest of the members of the CPP-NPA to lay down their arms, abandon the armed struggle, return to the comfort of their families, and join us in bringing peace and development to our nation," AFP chief of staff General Emmanuel Bautista said in a televised news conference. "The arrest of Benito and Wilma Tiamzon is another victory for the combined efforts between the AFP and PNP (Philippine National Police) and other stakeholders in pursuit of peace and security," he noted. On Saturday, around 3:15 p.m., the Tiamzon couple were arrested in Barangay Zaragoza, Aloguinsan, Cebu. Wilma Tiamzon was allegedly the secretary general of CPP-NPA while her husband, Benito, was purportedly the chairman of the group. "These [arrests] contribute largely to our cause of finally winning peace in our country. Remember that [benito] Tiamzon is the head of the military NPA and CPP who directs the armed struggle all around the country; who direct all the land mining, killing, and the violence perpetuated by CPP," Bautista claimed. NPA will celebrate its 45th anniversary on March 29. Bautista said that the rebels had transformed into bandits who "focus on extortion activities." The AFP chief also noted that "no singular person was directly responsible" for the arrests. "It is a continuing activity and it is a collective efforts of the all the units of the Armed Forces past and present," he said. "Indeed, it was a great step forward... for us to finally put an end to armed struggle. [This] is a very big contribution to that effort," he added. According to Bautista, the couple is currently with the PNP-CIDG (Crime Investigation and Detection Group) for processing and documentation. Then, they will be moved to the PNP Custodial Center. Bautista also noted that the military is prepared for retaliatory attacks from the NPA following Tiamzons' arrest. In a statement on its website, the CPP condemned the couple's arrest, saying that the criminal chargest against the Tiamzons were "trumped-up." — Rouchelle R. Dinglasan/BM, GMA News http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/353803/news/nation/after-arrest-of-cpp-leaders-military-asks-npa-members-to-lay-down-arms
  9. Two soldiers killed, four injured as NPA, military clash MANILA, Philippines– Two soldiers were killed and four were hurt in an ambush by New People’s Army (NPA) in Quezon, 7:30a.m. Monday, two days after the arrest of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) chairman Benito Tiamzon and his wife. Soldiers from the Army’s 85th Infantry Battalion were aboard a KM450 truck for a medical mission in Vegaflor village in Lopez town when they were ambushed in Cogorin village, Brigadier General Alex Capina, Commander of the 201st Brigade, said. One officer, a lieutenant, and a solder, a Private First Class were killed. They, however, were not identified. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Maquiling, civil-military operations chief of the Army 2nd Infantry Division, condemned the attacks. “This is not a combat operation,” Maquiling said. “We condemn this act by the NPA, the men were supposed to help the people in the area.” Capina could not say whether the rebels used a bomb. “Possibly, but we are also conducting an operation in the other side….Their anniversary is also near so we are conducting operations and they saw an opportunity,” Capina said when asked if this was part of the expected retaliatory attacks following the arrest of Tiamzon. The CPP will celebrate its 45th year on March 29, making it one of the longest-running insurgencies in Asia. Series of encounters The military also engaged with the NPA thrice in Eastern Visayas on Sunday. Reports from the Army’s 8th Infantry Division said the first encounter happened past 10a.m. near Capoto-an village in Las Navas town, Northern Samar. Troops from the Army’s 34th Infantry Battalion pre-empted a supposed offensive by the communist rebels. They were fired upon as they got closer to the rebels’ location, which led to a 15-minute encounter. The second encounter, meanwhile, was past 12 noon in Cuenco village of the same town, or four kilometers from the first encounter. This time, the 10-minute firefight was between the Army’s 1st Scout Ranger Battalion and the NPA. There were no reported casualties from the government side, but on NPA’s part, there were “traces of blood” along the routes where the rebels fled. The third encounter was in Buluan village in Calbiga in Samar, and lasted for 15 minutes. Soldiers from the Army’s 1st Scout Ranger Battalion caught up with the rebels hiding near the village center. An M14 rifle was seized and the owner was reported to be fatally wounded but fled with his comrades. MORE… http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/588527/two-soldiers-killed-four-injured-as-npa-military-clash
  10. CC 4th Meet Resolution 2013-CPI (Maoist) 1. Homage to the martyrs After CC-3 until now more than two hundred of our beloved comrades laid down their lives in the course of advancing the New Democratic Revolution and fulfilling that aim. Among the martyrs are present right from Central Committee Politburo member Comrade Mallojuhula Koteswarlu to general party members. Several comrades of revolutionary mass organization, PLGA and RPCs were martyred. Revolutionary masses were martyred. Several women comrades were martyred. Our fellow comrades breathed their last in the revolutionary movement fighting back the enemy’s multi-pronged offensive, in accidents and due to ill health. All of them serve as a model to us. CC vowed to fight till the end for fulfillment of their aims and paid revolutionary homage to them. 2. Present Political Situation – Our Tasks CC is releasing this resolution separately in the form of a booklet. 3. Assessment of the present condition of our countrywide movement – Our Tactics Following the resolution of the CC-3, state level plenums were held in DK, NT, AOB, BJ and OS states. The condition of the movement in the respective Special Zones/Special Areas/States was reviewed in these plenums. Along with these plenum reviews this CC meeting discussed the condition of other states and departments. Basing on this discussion, it assessed that from the point of view of the subjective condition, the condition of our countrywide movement is critical. After the formation of our United Party in 2004, hopes about the victory of the revolutionary movement rose among the Indian people. In accordance with this the party and the PLGA strove very hard for the advancement of the revolutionary movement. It strengthened as a countrywide party. Internationally it gained the support of maoist parties and that of the working class movement. Along with the Lalgarh and Narayanapatna struggles it led anti-displacement struggles of the people and movement for separate Telangana. It conducted higher level attacks in DK, BJ, Odisha, Bengal and AOB and placed them as a model for guerilla warfare before the Indian people while the enemy was given a shocking blow. We held high the line of our party among the Indian revolutionary masses in a manner that helps the advancement of the revolutionary movement in all spheres. We successfully held the Unity Congress-9th Congress. At present all the major contradictions inside the country and in the world are intensifying and sharpening and the material conditions are turning favorable to the revolution. In terms of subjective condition the movement is facing critical situation. CC discussed the reasons that led to this critical situation and is formulating tactics to overcome this situation and advance the Indian revolutionary movement by well utilizing the developing favorable situation for the revolution. Let all the leadership committees from top to bottom formulate appropriate tactics basing on these tactics and keeping in view the changes occurring in the situation and advance the Indian revolutionary movement by mobilizing the entire party, PLGA and people to implement them. Though the countrywide revolutionary condition is critical, the condition in all the states is not similar. Only by concretely assessing the favorable and unfavorable conditions that developed in the respective Special Area/ Special Zones and the situation of the movement in various states all over the country we can formulate the tactics to advance the revolutionary movement by basing on the favorable conditions and overcoming the unfavorable conditions. So let us mention here the situation of the respective states concretely. In DK mass base decreased in considerable area, the intensity and expanse of the resistance of the PLGA and people decreased; non-proletarian trends increased in party and the PLGA, recruitment decreased; number of people leaving the party and PLGA increased. As a result of all these this movement is facing critical situation. Due to the efforts put since the past five years there is some progress in the NT movement. There is some progress in the mass struggles in AOB. However the movement in NT and AOB is in ebb. We are striving hard for their revival. Gondia division is continuing in a weak condition since a long period of time. Due to series of arrests in the past few years the Maharashtra movement is facing setback. Though the Mainpur division movement in the COB area has weakened, in the rest of the area the movement in gradually getting established among the people and expanding. Due to betrayal of panda and enemy onslaught the Odhisa movement weakened a lot. Due to heavy losses to the leadership and subjective forces and due to decrease in mass base the BJ movement suffered setback at present. Due to Comrade Kishenji’s martyrdom and the martyrdom and arrests of state and district leadership comrades and dent in the deluge of Lalgarh movement and Paschim Bang movement suffered a setback. Along with the fascist onslaught carried on by the paramilitary forces and the Army that has entrenched itself in Asom since decades, the martyrdom of four comrades including the secretary of the State Leading Committee in a fake encounter and arrest of other comrades happened and the Asom state movement that was gradually developing weakened. In North Region we lost subjective forces at various levels along with party’s central and state level leadership. As a result the North Regional Bureau was completely damaged and along with it movements of various states weakened a lot. Three State Committee members (SCMs) in Tamil Nadu and two SCMs in Karnataka and some cadres at various levels were arrested in the ongoing intense enemy onslaught. The enemy special forces are conducting continuous attacks on the Malnad movement that is present in a limited area. The political and organizational weaknesses that were continuing since the past led to the weakening of the Tamil Nadu and the Karnataka movements. In Kerala too the enemy repression is going on severely. After the arrests and martyrdom of CCMs this RB suffered damage. In the new strategic area of this region too they are deploying central and joint forces of three states and carrying on fake reforms and foul propaganda campaign to prevent our movement from expanding. Between 2009 and 2012 the enemy damaged our central weapon manufacturing and supply departments; political and military people’s intelligence departments, the central magazine department, central SUCOMO and the international departments. The country wide urban movement weakened to a large extent. After the CC-3 meeting four CCMs (Comrades Rupesh, Amber, Sukant and Jaspal) were arrested. PBM Comrade Kishenji was injured in an encounter and was caught by the enemy and was martyred. The relentless multi-pronged attacks on the country wide revolutionary movement carried on by the central and state government as part of LIC strategy since the formation of the CPI (Maoist) in 2004 is one of the main reasons for this situation to arise. While three to three and half lakh police, paramilitary and commando forces were deployed by mid-2010, this increased to four lakhs at present. In the areas where revolutionary movement is ongoing (particularly in 82 districts) every year the central and state governments are pouring thousands and lakhs of crores of rupees and carrying on reforms. As a result, a divide started in the people’s camp and a small section is turning into the social base of the exploiting ruling classes. As a result several unfavorable conditions to the revolutionary movement are coming to the fore. One of the reasons for this situation to arise are the weaknesses at varying scales that are continuing in carrying on class struggle basing on agrarian revolutionary program in all the movement areas. The movement is facing critical situation as we have not formulated appropriate tactics keeping in view the changing domestic and international social, economic and political conditions, as we have not mobilized the party and the people to implement the tactics formulated and as we have not put determined efforts to fulfill our aim. Along with these, the shortcomings in correcting the long term non-proletarian trends in our party, PLGA and revolutionary movement; the weakness and shortcomings in vastly rallying PLGA and the people in an effective manner into armed resistance and counter attacks; the shortcomings in implementing secret functioning and guerilla war principles; the weaknesses and shortcomings in the legal-illegal mechanism; the weaknesses and shortcomings in training the party, PLGA, RPCs and mass organizations ideologically, politically, organizationally and militarily in accordance with the situation; the weaknesses and shortcomings in consolidating and developing the urban movements, in rallying the non-peasant vast masses inside the movement areas and outside, the limitations in rallying the vast masses into the revolutionary movement by carrying on political and organizational work in accordance with our line and policies at all levels; decrease in mass base and recruitment; increase in the number of persons leaving the movement and limitation in the fighting ability of the PLGA coming to the fore are the subjective reasons for this situation to arise. Due to this change in the subjective condition, though the revolutionary material condition is developing excellently inside the country and in the world, we are facing limitations in well utilizing it. In such conditions left and right opportunist lines are arising in some places inside the party. Savyasachi Panda bringing forth right opportunist, disrupting and revisionist political arguments and Sriramula Srinivas bringing to the fore rightist line in the garb of left line by accusing our party of being rightist are a part of this. The leader of the Narayanapatna peasant struggle Nachika Linga is backing away from the movement with rightist politics. Some persons who are not seeing the enemy as a paper tiger strategically and feeling that the tactical dominance of the enemy is permanent are leaving the movement. Such wrong lines, argument and incidents may arise in future too. In such a situation some are bringing to the fore the argument that the semicolonial semi-feudal production relations in India changed and that capitalist production relations were formed. Basing on this they are bringing forth wrong arguments that the protracted people’s war line is useless in India. As sectarian and bureaucratic trends are continuing in party internal relations and in relations with the people it is causing harm to the party and the movement. In such a situation, basing on MLM theory, the political- military line of the party, party policies, the great experiences gained and class line-mass line, it is necessary to fight determinedly the ideological and political wrong trends and also correct the mistakes continuing in practice and strengthen unity of the party and improve our practice. Thus we should fill revolutionary enthusiasm among the people. The leadership should keep in view the possibility of some persons losing confidence on the revolutionary movement and put efforts to make them stand firmly by filling them with confidence on the revolutionary movement. On this occasion we should widely propagate among the party, PLGA and the people the strategic weaknesses of the enemy, the strategic strength of the revolutionary camp; the manner in which outdated semi-feudal, semicolonial production relations in our country are making the lives of the people unbearable day by day, the manner in which the major contradictions in India are intensifying due to the implementation of neo-liberal policies in our country since 20 years, the manner in which people all over the world are waging movements in various forms as all the major contradictions in the world are intensifying due to economic crisis of capitalist imperialist countries, the mass base we still have, the favorable terrain, the leadership forces we have, the leadership sources, the experiences gained by our People’s Army and people in Peoples’s War and increase their confidence on the revolutionary movement. We must formulate a strategic plan to overcome the critical situation faced by the movement and bring it into progression. The first point in this is strengthening the entire party ideologically and politically and condemning, exposing and defeating the anti-Marxist bourgeois and revisionist theories. As part of this we must fight back the post modernist theories. We should educate the entire party abiding by our party’s political line. Taking into consideration the changes occurring as a result of class struggle in semi-colonial, semi-feudal India and the changes occurring in the economic, social, cultural, administration and ecological spheres due to the onslaught in all spheres of our country on all oppressed classes-sections of people by the international financial capital that joined hands with the domestic comprador bureaucratic capital, we should formulate tactics that would mobilize the vast masses into the revolutionary movement. We should not just confine ourselves to forest areas and peasantry and basing on the experiences we gained in the plain areas we must formulate appropriate tactics suitable to the present conditions. We should mobilize the non-peasant vast masses in all our strategic movement areas. We should build urban movement and rally the working class and the vast urban masses into the revolutionary movement. We should correct the non- proletarian trends continuing in the party and PLGA and strengthen the party and the PLGA. Whatever may be the level of the movement, whether in the rural or the urban movement or in the united front activities while rallying the people on their daily issues and against the imperialists, particularly the US imperialists and the Indian ruling classes we should strive to rally maximum forces on a broad basis. We should get rid of the tactics and practice that would isolate us from the people and make us a target of enemy attack while working in any sphere and particularly in the urban sphere. Keeping in view the favorable conditions in various forms in various areas and all over the country and the favorable material condition which is still present, we should rally our subjective forces creatively and strive hard to is still present, we should rally our subjective forces creatively and strive hard to sustain/gain initiative. Entire party should work consciously and with determination to overcome the present unfavorable conditions of our movement. Along with these we should develop the entire party, PLGA and mass organizations to work dynamically basing on the tactics formulated by the PB, CC, CMC, RBs, SC/SAC/SZCs from time to time according to the changes the that occur in the conditions. At present let us mention the favorable material and subjective conditions that are present as a basis for formulating the general basic tactics that are to be followed in the coming two years. All the major contradictions are sharpening and intensifying inside the country and in the world. As a result, people are rallying widely into militant struggles on various issues inside the country and the world. In DK the people have steeled themselves in class struggle and People’s War in the past 30 years. In this course, the PLGA and the people defeated several enemy repressive campaigns including Salwa Judum. The Janatana Sarkars built as the organizational form of new democratic political power at area and divisional levels after destroying and paralyzing enemy power are still wielding people’s power. The process of building New Democratic economic system is continuing at a primary level under the leadership of the Janatana Sarkars. In accordance with this a revolutionary change is occurring at a primary level in the cultural sphere. The local organizations are working amidst relentless OGH offensives and are resisting the enemy. The effort to overcome the weaknesses and shortcomings identified in the DK plenum began. In BJ too people were steeled in 30 years of class struggle and people’s war. In this course they fought back several enemy repressive campaigns and defeated them. At present the peasantry and para teachers there are fighting militantly. The Jharkhand Adivasi peasantry is fighting militantly against the conspiracies of the ruling classes to undermine the Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act, against displacement and for the annulment of MoUs signed by the state government with CBB and MNCs. In Bihar too peasants are fighting on various issues. There are several potentialities for the BJ movement to advance. In Telangana the movement for separate Telangana is developing in militant forms. Revolutionary political and propaganda agitations are ongoing widely in AP, NT and AOB. People are getting consolidated through various people’s movements. In Bengal comrades are striving to overcome the heavy leadership losses and the setback of the glorious people’s movement of Lalgarh. In Odisha comrades are fighting back the betrayal of Panda and are putting efforts to consolidate the subjective forces and develop the mass base. Though the party forces in Tamil Nadu Karnataka and Kerala are in limited numbers, they are striving to build the revolutionary movement. Though the RB in North India suffered damage due to losses, the limited forces present there are striving to build the revolutionary movement in the states where they are present. In Korchi area of Gondia division, the people rallied vastly and militantly against ‘Korchi Loh Prakalp’. Inside the prisons too party leaders and cadres are fighting unflinchingly. In the past two years we extended to the COB area. In BJ we extended to some areas. Party plenums were held in some states and new forces were elected to the Divisional/Zonal, Special Zone/Special Area Committees. The PLGA in the East and Central Regions is resisting the enemy and gaining some considerable successes. In these areas along with PLGA the People’s Militia and the people too are resisting the enemy. The Lalgarh people’s deluge suffered setback due to severe enemy repression and due to heavy leadership losses. The Narayanapatna peasant revolutionary movement is facing severe repression. These struggles have not only imparted great experiences to us but are also providing constant inspiration not only to the people of those areas but also to the people all over the country. Keeping in view the favorable and unfavorable conditions mentioned above along with the excellent material situation developing favorably to the revolution in our country, let us formulate the following tactics for the coming two years. Let us formulate these tactics with the aim of fighting back and defeating multi-pronged countrywide onslaught carried on by the enemy in the name of OGH, of preserving the movement and of advancing for the fulfillment of the tasks formulated by the Unity Congress Tactics are not formulated just by basing on the condition of the subjective forces. Tactics are formulated basing on the favorable and unfavorable conditions in the contemporary material and subjective situations. In the present critical situations the conscious, courageous and planned efforts of the party would be the guarantee for gaining successes. By bolshevizing and strengthening the party, by enhancing the quality of PLGA and by revolutionizing the people ideologically and politically, by taking up politically offensive tactics utilizing the present favorable material condition to the revolution and by actively mobilizing the PLGA and the people actively in People’s War, we would definitely advance in fulfilling the higher level tasks. We should understand the tactics being formulated now with this view. 1. We should preserve the subjective forces (from CC up to party cell) from enemy onslaught; particularly priority should be given to preservation of top level leadership forces. We should ensure that the party, PLGA and the local organizations do not get isolated from the people in enemy onslaught. The State/ Special Zone/ Special Area Committees up to the AC/PPCs should take up appropriate steps for this sake. Secondary leadership should be developed in a planned manner at all levels. The ideological and political levels of leadership from higher level to lower level should be enhanced. We should give special education on the political and military tactics that are to be followed when the movement is facing critical situation. We should develop the political level of the party such that we can study from time to time the changing social, economic and political conditions and formulate new tactics by making the necessary changes in the tactics in accordance with them. We must train the party cadres at all levels for this sake. We should conduct education and ratification against the non-proletarian trends that developed in the party. Party should be bolshevized through all these. 2. In all the movement areas anti-imperialist, anti-feudal class struggles should be intensified basing on agrarian revolutionary program. We should not confine to secret and illegal activities in this class struggle and utilize united front activities, open and legal struggle and organizational forms to rally vast masses (students, youth, employees and other petty bourgeois sections and various oppressed social sections). 3. As part of anti-imperialist, anti-feudal class struggle we must concentrate on land issue or Jal-Jungle- Zameen issue and displacement issue. Along with these we must taken up daily issues of the people. We must rally the people in struggles from local level to state level. We should gain new forces from these struggles and strengthen the party and the PLGA. In order to utilize the people’s struggles erupting spontaneously all over the country in favor of revolution, we should participate in those struggles and lead them. 4. As part of mass work all the local organizations should be functioned regularly. People and local organizations should be mobilized against OGH and rallied actively and militantly. Mass work and resistance should be carried on with coordination. We should be cautious not to let the trend that neglects resistance in the name of primacy of mass work to arise. We should carry on political, organizational and military work in coordination with the aim of defeating OGH. In areas where carpet security is spread we should give primacy to secret structures and function the local structures in a lively manner. The shortcomings occurring in work methods formulated in areas of carpet security should be corrected. In these areas, while giving primacy to secret structures we should from united front and cover organizations that would be helpful in consolidating vast masses. Basing on the results obtained in practice, we should develop the tactics to carry on mass work and resistance in carpet security areas and make them comprehensive. 5. Taking into consideration the uneven development, level of formations and the strengths and weaknesses of the People’s Army, we should carry on guerilla warfare to the best of our capacity in all areas including extension areas. In all areas we should intensify and expand the guerilla warfare to the best of our capacity. The guerillas should utilize every opportunity present for damaging enemy forces and to seize weapons from them. Only by display of initiative by guerillas to utilize such opportunities, can we damage the initiative of the enemy and increase our initiative and bring the anticipated change in the conditions. Military Commissions and Commands at all levels should guide such that formations and level of actions are implemented according to the decisions taken in this meeting. In order to politically mobilize the people against OGH and to resist and defeat it we should increase the active participation of people in People’s War. 6. We should increase the commanding efficiency of the commissions and the commands and the fighting efficiency of the PLGA forces to fight back the enemy onslaught by constantly studying the changes occurring in the counter-insurgency and counter-guerilla warfare operations and by identifying the enemy weaknesses in them. The PLGA forces should be given military training to fight back the changing enemy tactics. 7. We should carry on guerilla warfare to fight back the enemy onslaught on strategic areas and guerilla bases. As part of this people and the People’s Militia should be rallied on a vast scale and mine warfare should be intensified. The People’s Militia should be armed with the weapons available. 8. We should seize arms, ammunition and other war material from the enemy, utilize the local sources, increase them further and wage guerilla warfare basing on them. We should preserve all kinds of war material carefully. We should immediately correct the shortcomings occurring till now in supply of war materials, dumping and their utilization. Higher level commissions, commands and party committees should pay special attention on this. 9. Priority should be accorded to extension of X area. The extension of DK should be gradually fulfilled. The internal extension decided in BJ should be continued. Extension in other areas should be taken up according to the availability of forces. We should see to it that the enemy is dispersed through this extension. In every state in our country where our party is working we should put efforts to develop subjective forces while developing mass base. In all areas leadership should put efforts in a planned manner to advance with higher level tasks basing on the good results we achieve in our practice. 10. We should preserve the remaining forces in the urban movement and run the movement there. We should create new forces in the towns adjacent to our movement areas and strive to build the movement. 11. We should correct the non-proletarian trends present in the party, PLGA and local organizations. Rectification campaigns should be taken up where necessary. 12. Thousands of party leaders of various levels, cadres, activists of mass organizations and RPCs and sympathizers are incarcerated in jails all over the country. They form a considerable part of our party at present. The leadership inside the prisons and outside should put efforts so that all of them get rallied through jail communes and build movements with coordination and get educated ideologically and politically. We should put efforts so that they can play appropriate roles directly in the revolutionary movement after their release from the prisons. 13. We should carry on revolutionary propaganda war constantly and efficiently to fight back from time to time the psychological warfare of the enemy against the revolutionary movement conducted as part of counter- insurgency operations. 14. Fascist repression is increasing in our country with each passing day. We should put efforts for the rights movement against this and for democratic rights of the people to be carried on more effectively and its expansion. 15. In the backdrop of all the international forces having lot of hopes on the Indian revolutionary movement, the responsibilities of the international tasks of the party increased than in the past. Though party suffered leadership losses, we should carry on international work in various forms and at various levels even with limited forces. We should muster active solidarity to the Indian revolutionary movement. 16. If we are to implement the above tasks properly, we should improve our work style. As part of it, we should establish lively and affectionate relations with the people. We should correct the shortcomings occurring in implementing mass line-class line. We should implement the tactics mentioned above in the coming two years and work with the aim of reviving the areas in setback; we should once again mobilize and consolidate the party forces where they had become dispersed; we should strengthen in the areas where we have weakened and we should expand to new areas and spheres basing on this consolidated strength. Basing on these tactics the RBs and SZC/SAC/SCs should concretely formulate the goals to be fulfilled in their respective areas. The enemy formulated a plan to decimate our party and the movement in our country within the next five years and is carrying on the offensive intensely and widely. In such a situation we should drag this war on through our resistance utilizing the above mentioned tactics. We should make the plan of the enemy unsuccessful by dragging on this war and defeat him. The enemy is seriously worried as the revolutionary situation is developing day by day and we are gaining small and big successes in various areas by fighting back severe and widespread repression. Our counter attacks on the enemy are continuing. If we can bolshevize the party even under such difficult conditions, increase mass base and advance while damaging the enemy by strengthening the PLGA, we can develop the revolutionary movement by overcoming this critical situation. Once again we can create favorable subjective situation and advance for the fulfillment of the tasks given by the Unity Congress. This has been proven many times over in the history of the International Communist Movement. 4. On celebration of 10 years of party formation day By September 21, 2014 it would be ten years since the formation of Communist Party of India (Maoist). CC-4 decided to celebrate this occasion on a huge scale all over the country. Under the present conditions where our country wide movement weakened and is facing critical situation – party should immediately concentrate completely on strengthening the mass base, on waging the resistance war actively and on mobilizing the people in this war actively. We must place the results achieved in various spheres and in revolutionary practice since the formation of the new party in front of the party, PLGA and the people and use this occasion completely to education them. The political propaganda to be taken up by our party on this occasion should increase the confidence among the people that the revolutionary movement would definitely strengthen under the leadership of the party, with the support of the PLGA and with the building of revolutionary people’s committees and that a strong party can develop with the building of People’s Liberation Army, establishment of liberated areas, building of a countrywide movement and with recruitment of new forces. The message of the CC on the occasion of September 21, 2013 should contain relevant directives regarding the ten years celebrations. CC must bring out a special issue of PW on the ten years occasion. CC comrades should write articles in this issue in the backdrop of the tasks taken by the CC-4 and send via RB secretaries to GS six months prior to its release. Among the theoretical articles we must definitely include selected articles from the writings of comrades CM and KC along with the main article to be written by GS giving a direction on the experiences gained by the party in these ten years. A special issue of MIB should be released for this occasion. PBMs should write theoretical articles and send within the stipulated time (six months before its release) to GS. In the light of the teachings of Comrade Lenin that there is no revolution without a revolutionary party the Regional Bureaus, State Committees, Special Area/Special Zonal Committees and SMC/SAMCs must release circulars with concrete program three months beforehand mentioning the significance of the ten years celebrations. In all the states the ideological, political and military magazines should be brought out as special issues. Where there are no magazines they must at least be brought out as bulletin souvenir. They should also carry interviews of experienced party senior comrades. The souvenirs that would be released by the CC and the state committees should publish photographs of martyr comrades after the merger, their life histories, the photographs of important comrades who are in jails and their contribution. -Special Bulletins of Party, PLGA magazines on the 10 years celebrations should be published. -The revolutionary people’s organizations/cultural activists should release a documentary with a message on the occasion of the ten years celebrations (a video film not exceeding one hour) -The revolutionary women’s organizations, cultural organizations and RPC should release special issues on the ten years occasion. Where publication of the magazines stopped, efforts should be put to definitely bring out the issues on this occasion. -The ten years celebrations should be conducted for ten days from September 21 to 30. (Depending on the conditions they can be extended not exceeding one month). -…………… - Selected articles of Marxist Great Teachers explaining the significance of the party should be released in the form of small booklets for the education of the party cadres. ( Regarding Veteran Comrades Since 2005 several CC comrades were arrested from various areas in our country. Though all of them are living under horrible conditions in prisons, all of them are resisting the enemy with lot of revolutionary enthusiasm. Some among them are suffering from serious ill health along with old age. If such comrades get released, in the backdrop of serious enemy repression at present, we must inform them that since party and the movement had weakened in several states, we cannot make them go underground and that they would have to share their share of leadership responsibilities while spending an open life. We have to appeal to them to think about the need to work even while facing the dangers and challenges of open life and convince them. We should keep in view that due to absence of veteran comrades in the daily life of the party, we will not be able to get their valuable suggestions in the daily activities of the party. So, by following certain correct and scientific methods we should definitely try to get suggestion, ideas and some ideological and political articles from them. The CC should make the necessary suggestions to give them guidance and give them the necessary help and cooperation. We should form a mechanism that would help open and secret work. We should formulate appropriate methods. 10. On arrest of political prisoners The struggle form of arresting government officials to get our comrades in illegal police custody released started in 1979 itself. Among the later incidents the Gurtedu incident, Sudhir Kumar incident and arrest of Dharma Rao Atram in DK were the prominent ones. In all these three incidents we could get our comrades released. After the 1990s apart from these, some more incidents occurred. Some actions were conducted by the local leadership and the people, while majority of them were conducted by the squads. Majority of the incidents happened spontaneously, while some were conducted with a plan. After 1985, government repression increased and as illegal arrests, fake encounters and disappearances increased, the proposals from people and the cadre to take up this struggle form also increased. In this course, by the 1990s, arresting from ordinary clerks who collect electricity bills up to the collector, from ordinary sarpanches up to MLAs on various issues such as – permission for meetings, for judicial trails, for pattas to the land occupied by the people, for rebuilding the martyrs’ columns destroyed by the police, for getting the comrades in jails released etc increased. In one incident we arrested Mandal President Gajula Sankaraiah and as the demand was not fulfilled, we killed him. Such incidents not only caused anxiety among the middle class people but had also weakened their confidence on the party. Keeping in view this total situation and the limitations of this struggle form, the COC of the erstwhile CPI (ML) [People’s War] released a circular in 1990 and gave guidelines in it. Later these incidents decreased. The incidents that happened were reviewed in the respective conferences and these were included in the Political Organizational Reviews. Though this struggle form was taken up sporadically after 2000 too, it increased from 2011 onwards. In 2011- 12 in Odisha and Chhattisgarh we arrested collectors Vineel Krishna, Alex Paul Menon, MLA Jhina Hikaka and Italian tourists and demanded the Green Hunt must be stopped and that political prisoners in illegal custody of the government must be released. In Odisha apart from these demands we demanded the government to solve some important people’s issues. The release of political prisoners was the main demand and we put other demands mainly for propaganda purpose. In the above four incidents, we could not get our important comrades released from jails. Only in Odisha some common peasants and legal comrades got bails. Mili Panda, the wife of Savyasachi Panda was released by the government as part of a plan. We could politically expose the government by propagating to some extent on repression and people’s issues. However we could not gain the benefits we expected from these incidents. On the other hand, the Odisha and CG governments used the bourgeois media and propagated on a huge scale that the actions done by us were undemocratic. Portraying the persons in our custody as ‘people’s servant’, they rallied various sections of people against our actions and brought pressure on us. They placed law and constitution in front of the mediators appointed by us and signed agreements tactfully without showing concrete solution to any of our demands. When we study the above phenomena, we faced more losses than political gains through the above three incidents. Keeping in view this result, we must keep in mind the following guidelines when we take up this struggle form. 1. Though arresting persons is a struggle form it has many limitations. There is no scope for people’s direct participation in this struggle form. That is why we must not take up this struggle form on a vast scale. At no cost must we arrest persons who are not people’s enemies. 2. When we want to get important leaders released, we must choose the target (class enemies) that would get the government to surrender. We must not give lot of time to the government to fulfill the demand. When we understand the government is taking an adamant stand, we must annihilate the people’s enemy in our custody and withdraw from this arena of struggle. 3. If we give more time to the enemy in this process, due to the strength of the enemy we may have to face the risk of their attacks. Moreover, there is a possibility of their arresting pro-movement intellectuals and sympathizers as a counter and pushing us into a defensive position. As we got this experience in AP we must keep this too in mind. 4. When we want to take up this struggle form, a part from formulating a correct plan we must keep in view the then concrete political conditions (the contradictions between the ruling class parties, between the central and state governments). These contradictions would help to some extent in fulfilling our demand. 5. It would be useful if we do not appoint mediators in this struggle form. If we feel it is necessary, then it would be better not to appoint liberal democrats (such as BD Sharma, Haragopal etc). As they work as mediators from our side, they would be branded with the Maoist seal and they would face some limitations in working with other intellectual and democratic sections. 6. If in any instance we arrest corrupt government officials and political leaders, we must put them on trial among the people and mete out appropriate punishments to them. We must not follow methods such as arresting soft targets among them, giving statements that we would kill them after putting demands then and there and later releasing them. Due to such acts, apart from our party losing its political dignity in the eyes of the people, some of them would even turn against us. 7. The government is propagating that collector Vineel Krishna and Alex Paul Menon are ‘civil servants’ and are serving the people, whereas they are playing a crucial role in the counter-insurgency plan of the government on the revolutionary movement. This propaganda is having its impact on the middle classes too. So we must expose the crucial role played by such officials against the revolutionary movement as a whole. In this course, keeping in view their role, we must punish the important government officials when they are caught as prisoners or otherwise. 8. We must not put political and economic demands when we take up this struggle form. We must not take this up with the view of exposing the government politically (for propaganda). Doing so would send wrong signals to the fighting people. Any struggle form taken up by us should aim to mobilize the people as much as possible. Even while getting the political prisoners released we must primarily try to mobilize the people and take up the struggle even while utilizing the lawful opportunities. 9. When lower level cadres take up this process, the higher committee comrades must intervene and carry on the process in accordance with our guidelines. When the higher committee arrests anybody as per plan, they must take up the entire responsibility. 12. CC Special Resolutions 1. Comrade Barunda, CCM and who worked as PBM was arrested in end 2005. He had to spend his life behind bars for the past eight years with several false cases foisted on him. Prison life in old age had deteriorated his health in several ways. CPI (Maoist) is sending its revolutionary greetings to the lawyers and other revolutionary, progressive and democratic rights activists and organizations that worked hard for his release. CC is feeling very rejuvenated and enthusiastic with Comrade Barunda joining the outside revolutionary movement once again directly. CC is expressing its joy at his release. CC feels that the news items published in the name of his interview in contradiction of his role in revolutionary movement by journalists who are hand in glove with the enemy and taken in the conditions where he is suffering from serious ill health are nothing but a creation of the media. CC seriously took into consideration his old age and ill health and decided to well utilize the rest of his life for contributing to the revolutionary movement. a….unit should allot a comrade to help him in all manners. That comrade should mainly be engaged in this work. b. He should send his suggestions to the mother organization on the situation of the movement. c. Messages should be delivered through him in important forums (for eg: against Green Hunt/deployment of Indian Army. d. We must record in audio and video his long term experiences in the revolutionary movement and his observation on the domestic and international conditions…..Comrades must select a team necessary for this and ensure that this work is completed in six months. These audio and video records and any things that he writes should be copied and one set should be sent to the mother organization and another set should be kept with him. e. He should be requested to write an article for the ten years celebrations of the party. f. We must suggest to prominent persons who are contributing to the revolutionary movement legally to meet him in between. 2. Due to the increasingly severe onslaught of the enemy our party cadres got incarcerated in prisons in considerable numbers under various circumstances. Lawyers and other organizations are striving hard for their release. As a result several of the party cadres who are got or are getting released are once again joining the revolutionary movement. Some among those who are not getting party contacts immediately are even working under some cover temporarily till they get party contact. Doing so is correct. However the fractions in those organizations should not appoint them in ECs though they may join them as ordinary members in those organizations till they get concrete suggestions from the concerned party committee. CC is making it clear that they should not be considered as other members working in their organization. Either the organizations or the cadres released should finalize such decisions only after consulting the respective committees. Likewise in the name of security some comrades who were released from prisons are joining organizations that are directly or indirectly serving the government or in organizations that depend on their funds. They are not informing the party too clearly about this. CC is suggesting to those comrades that even for security reasons they should select only those organizations/professions that would not harm the revolution in any manner. 3. CC decided not to function under the same fraction the various organizations that are working as centers of United Front for countrywide revolutionary activities. The fractions in those organizations should strive to work by limiting themselves to the program written in the manifestos of the respective organizations. The fractions in them should put efforts to make the MOs work actively abiding by their program and building movements from time to time according to the situation. None from the fractions should make open discussion on ideological-political issues that do not concern the manifesto and constitution of their respective MOs. Likewise the fraction of an organization or a single fraction member should not make open accusations and criticisms on another organization or its fraction or any of its fraction members. The two fractions may give each other friendly suggestions. Every comrade has the responsibility to examine these suggestions that give priority to revolutionary interests and take them. SUF should give full support for the TUF programs to be conducted smoothly. They should help each other for the smooth conduct of the programs. The teams that were decided to solve the differences that arose between some comrades in the two organizations and between comrades in state level MOs of neighboring states should immediately get into this job. We are requesting that along with these teams formed on these disputes, the two fractions should send detailed reports separately to the CC. 4. We should intensify political agitation and propaganda for the unconditional release of senior party leaders Comrade Narayan Sanyal, Comrade Sheela di, Comrade Kobad Gandhi and Com. Amberda who are Spending prison life since a long time at old age and in ill health. A defence committee should be formed on behalf of X organization for their release. Their organization’s president and secretary should be part of this. ‘Dohaha’ should be joined in this committee to work full time for fulfillment of this task. The efforts to open an office in Delhi for this should be initiated. The respective state committees should appoint lawyers for solving the cases in various states. Lawyers should be appointed from the centre for special cases according to the need. The state committees should immediately respond for appropriate sureties. Appeals should be made inside the country and internationally for the release of these comrades for various kinds of people’s responses including signature campaign. Pressure should be build up on central and state governments. *** http://www.signalfire.org/?p=27174
  11. Peoples War in India Clippings 23/3/2014 Naxals ban use of mobiles till polls Raipur: Maoists have imposed a ban on use of cell phones in Chhattisgarh’s insurgency-wracked Bastar to “disable” the intelligence network of security forces in the region, police sour-ces said on Saturday. Inte-lligence sources said the rebels have also launched a drive in remote areas in Bastar to seize cell phones from the local tribals. Sources said Naxals have issued a directive to tribals to deposit their cell phones with the local rebel leaders and warned of serious consequences if they defied the diktat. “We have received reports of Naxals enforcing ban on use of cell phones in remote villages. The ultras have also been forcing the local tribals to part with their cell phones or face serious consequences,” Rajendra Narayan Das, SP of Kanker said. The drive apparently was aimed at “disabling” intelligence network of security forces in Naxal-stronghold areas by identifying the police informers. “Naxals are scrutinising the cell phones of villagers to check if phone numbers of police personnel have been stored in them. The rebels punish those whose cell phones have such numbers saved, suspecting them as police informers,” Mr Das said. A senior police officer posted in south Bastar disclosed that several innocent tribals who were found to have stored mobile numbers of their kin serving in police department were executed after being branded police spies by the ultras. “The other motive was to prevent security forces from locating their movements during the Lok Sabha polls in Bastar on April 10,” he said. http://www.deccanchronicle.com/140323/nation-politics/article/naxals-ban-use-mobiles-till-polls Maoist held with a weapon A Maoist was arrested today with a weapon from a locality at Khaira in Bihar’s Jamui district, sources said. Acting on a tip-off, the police raided a hideout in Garhi Bazar locality and nabbed the ultra, identified as Kedar Yadav, the sources said. A country-made pistol was recovered from Yadav’s possession, they said. A native of Ghuthiya village, the Maoist was wanted in several cases of naxal violence in the district, the sources added. http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/maoist-held-with-a-weapon-114032300322_1.html Maoists blow up two school buildings in Giridih area Maoists cadres blew up two school buildings in Navakaniya village of Giridih district in Jharkhand on Friday night as the banned outfit stepped up its violent campaign ahead of the Lok Sabha polls. The village targeted by cadres of the CPI-Maoists is around 35km from the district headquarters and 230km from capital Ranchi. The banned outfit is opposed to the elections and has asked people of the state to stay away from the democratic process. Security personnel had no knowledge of the incident till they reached the village on Saturday afternoon. The nearest Pirtand police station is just 12km from the village. The heavily-armed Maoist cadres also terrorised the villagers and held two of them captive while the others planted dynamite on the school buildings before blowing them up. The Maoists distributed pamphlets dictating villagers to boycott polling activities. Terrorised villagers remained tightlipped before the media. However, an eyewitness, on condition of anonymity, said, “At around 7:.30pm, a group of 50 to 60 armed Maoists arrived here and assembled near the Navakaniya upgraded middle school. Later, they called upon two of the villagers and assaulted them.” http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/ranchi/maoists-blow-up-two-school-buildings-in-giridih-area/article1-1199256.aspx?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+HT-Ranchi+(HindustanTimes.com+-+Top+ranchi+News+Headlines) Police arrest Maoist in Jharkhand Lohardaga /Jhargram, Mar 23 (ANI): Acting on a tip-off Police arrested a Maoist and recovered money in Lohardaga district of Jharkhand. http://www.aninews.in/videogallery2/21609-police-arrest-maoist-in-jharkhand-defuse-landmine-in-wb.html Maoist Posters Found Again Fresh anti-poll posters by Maoists have surfaced in Rayagada, leaving local leaders worried over the conduct of peaceful Lok Sabha and Assembly elections in the Maoist-hit region. Maoist posters and banners were found at Parsali panchayat office of Kalyansingpur block on Saturday where the ultras urged upon Dongria Kondhs residing in Niyamgiri hill to boycott the elections. Police said they have recovered few posters and suspect it to be the handiwork of the local Maoist supports. Few days back, similar posters were found in interior Majhiguda and Dasmantpur panchayats of Koraput where ultras had asked the locals not to exercise their franchise on April 10 and accused all political parties of being anti-poor. The posters also asked the people not to let politicians enter villages for campaigning. http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/Maoist-Posters-Found-Again/2014/03/23/article2125533.ece#.Uy8EBJJTW1E Maoists fire at SPO’s family The villagers said the police had not even visited Hembrom, but district police officials said investigations were on A squad of the CPI(Maoist) on Friday night opened fire at a social gathering at Khunti, 30 km from Ranchi, injuring two villagers and set fire to a jeep. The tribal villagers said they suspected the rebels targeted the family and friends of Raila Dhingra Munda for his work as a special police officer (SPO) gathering intelligence for the Khunti district police. On Saturday, Mara Munda, Raila’s younger brother who had been shot in the right thigh and had fractured a bone, lay in Ranchi’s Rajendra Institute of Medical Institute’s orthopaedic intensive care ward. “We had invited more than 400 villagers to celebrate the ear-piercing ceremonies of both my sisters. At 8.30 p.m., I stepped out of our courtyard and heard a gunshot. The next moment, I fell,” Mr. Munda said. “There was panic as everyone tried to flee. I cried out for my friends to pull me inside the house or I would have died,” recounted the 20-year-old with some effort as his father, Sande Munda, who can speak only Mundari, looked on. The Maoists had killed his eldest brother, Rupu Munda, who also worked as an SPO, in a market at Adki in 2010. Mr. Mara’s elder brother, Raila, who the family suspects was the Maoists’ target, was away in Khunti town when the incident happened. The villagers first rushed both to Khunti’s Sadar Hospital, and to Ranchi in the morning. While the villagers in Hembrom in Adki block said the police had not even visited the village since Friday night, district police officials said investigations were on. “Our search operations are on for the Maoists,” said Superintendent of Police Anish Gupta. Mr. Raila Munda said he started working as an SPO in 2008. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/maoists-fire-at-spos-family/article5820420.ece
  12. Peoples War in India Clippings 22/3/2014 Maoists’ open fire at function, 2 hurt in stampede Khunti (Jharkhand), Mar 22 (PTI) Maoists opened fire in air at a function causing injury to two villagers during the stampede and set ablaze a vehicle at Marangdih in Naxal-hit Khunti district, police today said. A group of 20 Maoists arrived in the village and inquired about the SPOs when a function was in progress at the village last night, Superintendent of Police Anis Gupta told reporters. http://www.ptinews.com/news/4528480_Maoists–open-fire-at-function–2-hurt-in-stampede.html Maoists shoot at two, blast building in Jharkhand Ranchi, March 22: Maoist guerrillas shot at two people, torched a vehicle and blasted a school building at two places in Jharkhand, police said on Saturday. Police said the Maoists injured two people by shooting at them in Khuti district’s Marangdih village Friday night. They also set a vehicle on fire in the same village. In another incident, Maoists blasted a school building at Khukra village of Giridih district, 160 Km from Ranchi, late Friday. Police recovered Maoist pamphlets from the spot, while the ultras said the security forces may have used the school building for living in during the Lok Sabha polls. http://www.ianslive.in/index.php?param=news/Maoists_shoot_at_two_blast_building_in_Jharkhand-416086/NATION/1 Naxal killed in police encounter Raipur, Mar 22 (PTI) A naxal carrying reward of Rs 5,000 on his head was killed in an encounter with police in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh today. The incident occurred in forest area of Gundipur village under Bijapur police station limits when a patrolling party of police came under fire from Maoist insurgents, police said. A police official said other ultras fled from the spot after police retaliated. http://www.ptinews.com/news/4528510_Naxal-killed-in-police-encounter.html 48,000 security personnel for six Maoist-hit LS constituencies PATNA: Over 48,000 security personnel would adopt ‘shock and awe’ tactics to thwart any disruptive plan by Maoists during polling in six Parliamentary constituencies in Maoist-hit areas of Bihar on April 10. “The forces comprising 165 companies of central paramilitary forces of 108 combatants each, and over 30,000 policemen will resort to shock and awe tactics to prevent disruption of polls in Sasaram, Karakat, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada, Jamui,” Inspector General of police (Operations) .. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/over-48000-security-personnel-for-six-maoist-hit-ls-constituencies/articleshow/32493507.cms Experts warn government of increased Maoist activities before elections Ahead of upcoming elections, experts on Saturday warned the government of increased Maoist activities in the east. Reportedly, hotbed areas of Maoist activities like Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jehanabad, Arwal and Sasaram- which share their borders with eastern Jharkhand- are on the hitlist of Maoists who have through posters send clear messages of disrupting the upcoming polls. “Before the previous parliamentary elections also, the Maoists have launched what is known as TCOC (tactical counter offensive campaign) and during the electoral period the security forces are spread thinly because they are on election duty also, so they become easy targets and when the Maoists launch a TCOC, the objective is to bleed the state wide, decrease the morale of the security forces and a general sense that they are enjoying an upper hand,”said P V Ramana, research fellow at Institute For Defence Studies And Analysis (IDSA) on Maoists. State government agencies have been organising campaigns to ensure that voters turnout in huge numbers to participate in the election procedure. But politicians, too, who have been actively campaigning, are on the hit list of the red rebels. “Ahead of elections politicians become easy prey because they move around freely in the villages canvassing and are therefore easy to get targeted,” said Ramana. http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/experts-warn-government-of-increased-maoist-activities-before-elections-114032200765_1.html Explosives found in Hazaribag forest HAZARIBAG: Chouparan police of Hazaribag recovered huge cache of detonators and explosives, including five can bombs, five cooker bombs, two cylinder bombs and gelatin sticks from Dooragarha forest, which is a Maoist-dominated belt bordering Chatra and Hazaribag district on Friday, said SP Manoj Kaushik. The SP said, “These explosives must have been kept there to target security forces, who have launched a massive drive against the rebels for peaceful election in the region.” It has also been learnt that owing to the Maoist threat, no votes were polled at Dooragarah during last election. http://www.canindia.com/2014/03/explosives-found-in-hazaribag-forest/# No armoured vehicle for security forces in Jharkhand RANCHI: Security personnel deployed in the Maoist-affected districts of Jharkhand for election will have to work without armoured vehicles, most of which are lying defunct at district police headquarters. Over 300 company forces will move to the remotest areas in the state to ensure peaceful polls. But there would not be any armoured vehicle for their protection because several such vehicles allotted to different district police departments are lying defunct for months. Jharkhand Police Association (JPA) said it amounts to playing with the lives of security personnel because they would not be able to use the vehicles unless they are repaired or replaced. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ranchi/No-armoured-vehicle-for-security-forces-in-Jharkhand/articleshow/32473884.cms CPRF makes aerial surveillance of Gaya, Aurangabad in Bihar PATNA: In an effort to thwart Maoist threat during elections, CRPF officials on Friday made preliminary aerial surveillance of Gaya and Aurangabad areas. The Red army has recently threatened to unsettle the poll process by attacking politicians and police personnel. Sources said IG P Mohane and DIG Chiranjeev made the surveillance and even landed at the notorious Chakarbanda forest on Gaya-Aurangabad border. The forest has been in news in recent times for many encounters between security forces and Maoists, causing casualties from both sides. The area, however, is now being dominated by security forces with the presence of a large number of CRPF and STF men. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/specials/lok-sabha-elections-2014/news/CPRF-makes-aerial-surveillance-of-Gaya-Aurangabad-in-Bihar/articleshow/32447507.cms? Landmine recovered near bridge A landmine was recovered today at a place near a small bridge on state highway at Jambani in West Midnapore district. Locals informed the police after spotting the crude landmine at Bansipole on Jhargram-Belpahari state highway. This area was a Maoist stronghold four years ago. The explosives were stuffed in a tiffin can and electric wires were seen wrapped around it. The experts of bomb squad later defused it. A country-made gun and cartridges were also recovered in a sack lying nearby. The police and joint forces cordoned off the area until the landmine was defused. Two more landmines were found in Ranja forest at Salbani and Jhitka jungle in Lalgarh of the district yesterday. http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/landmine-recovered-near-bridge-114032200329_1.html
  13. Peoples War in India Clippings 21/3/2014 Manipur Maoist boycotts Lok Sabha election IMPHAL, March 15: Election in India is a big lie; it is to deceive the international community that India is a democratic country. This kind of election will not bring any substantial change in the life of the people. The chasm between the rich and the poor will increase even after hundreds of elections, said a statement signed by Nonglen Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda of the proscribed, Maoist Communist Party of Manipur. The statement further said that election is a kind of carnival where burglars struggle to get power and position. It is unfortunate that people takes it seriously. There will be no change of direction as long as the driver remains the same though the vehicle may be new. Oppression and corruption will remained unchanged in the imperialist regime. The only fate for the Manipuries in India is that of a handmaiden servant. There is no political future for Manipur in India. A Manipuri becoming an Indian Prime Minister is just impossible. Denouncing the election, the statement declared that the party will boycott the upcoming Indian Parliamentary election. The party therefore appealed the people of Manipur to boycott the said election. The party will not be responsible for any untoward incident. The statement has specifically mentioned that all-out effort will be made from the party to boycott the election. On the other hand, the party warns any individual or group who are using the name of the party for monetary demands through phone calls. To check such practices the party will halt monetary demands from the public. http://www.ifp.co.in/nws-20126-manipur-maoist-boycotts-lok-sabha-election/ Jailed Maoist, ML leader to sit on fast unto death PATNA: A top Maoist and a CPI (ML) leader lodged in Beur model jail have threatened to go on fast unto death in their cells from March 23. The two undertrial prisoners said their demand for capital punishment has not been conceded by the President, PM and Chief Justice of India. Both had sent ‘death petitions’ in January last. “We are not seeking mercy but death,” said Pramod Mishra, a CPI (Maoist) leader, and Sudama Paswan of CPI (ML). Lashing out at the police, bureaucracy, legislature and judiciary in which they claimed to have no faith, the two alleged that their detention was being extended on ‘false’ premises, imposition of new cases and production warrants. “We waited for a response from the authorities concerned but failed to get even acknowledgement. So, we decided to sit on fast unto death from the martyrdom day of Bhagat Singh,” they said in a statement on Thursday. Languishing in jail for six to nine years, both pleaded that there was no precise case against them and they have been either acquitted or no evidence was found against them in most of the cases in which they had been made accused. But their detention is being extended by lodging new cases and new production warrants even from outside the state. IG (prisons) Prem Singh Meena admitted that he was aware of their threat. “I have sought report from the jail superintendent and will take necessary steps,” he told TOI. Mishra was arrested by Jharkhand police on May 9, 2008, and was kept in jails of Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar. Stating that he has no faith in ‘non-productive’ institutions like police, military, jail and legislature, Mishra asserted, “PM Manmohan Singh has declared that Naxalism is the biggest threat to the country’s security whereas I believe in Naxal ideology and have taken a pledge to shed my last drop of blood for the struggle.” Paswan of Masaurhi, who had been arrested from his home on September 7, 2005, said four cases had been lodged against him and he got bail in three while one case was in the trial stage in the court of ADJ since 2009 but no witness has been produced so far. He alleged that a number of scams were reported but no action was taken against the scamsters because “the money earned through scandals is used on crushing the people’s movement.” http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Patna/Jailed-Maoist-ML-leader-to-sit-on-fast-unto-death/articleshow/32378533.cms Kerala to seek 25 companies of policemen Thiruvananthapuram: The state police will seek about 25 companies of police force from the centre and other states for security arrangements during the Lok Sabha polls. The police have already stepped up vigil across the state. Already, about 2,000 polling booths in the state have been identified as sensitive. A final list of sensitive booths will be decided after consultation with the Election Commission. DGP Mr. K.S. Balasubramanian held a video conferencing with top police officers from the rank of district police chief and above on Wednesday to review the security arrangements. Similar meetings will be held in the coming days to finalise the security plans. Top police sources said that one of the prime concerns of the police would be the security of Naxal-prone areas. http://www.deccanchronicle.com/140321/nation-politics/article/kerala-seek-25-companies-policemen Maoists call for favourable atmosphere for talks Speaking exclusively to HT at a training camp on Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh border, top leaders of CPI Maoist Bihar-Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh Special Area Committee said they were ready for talks with the government provided a favourable atmosphere was created. “We have burnt our fingers many times in the past. We lost our top central committee leader Cherikuri Rajkumar alias Azad and politburo member Koteshwar Rao alias Kishenji who went that extra mile to broker peace and were instead killed in cold blood,” said the committee secretary Deenbandhu. He asked the governments to immediately release all prisoners of war (Maoists) lodged in various jails and then initiate the peace process. While Azad was killed on July 2, 2010 in Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh, Kishenji was killed on November 24, 2011 in West Midnapore district of West Bengal. Maoists allege both their top leaders were killed in fake encounters. Days before his killing, they said, Azad had begun process for dialogue with the Centre. The leaders conceded that the organisation was going through an acute leadership crisis, but quickly asserted that they were used to these ups and downs and would soon bounce back with a vengeance. “You may kill us but you cannot kill our ideology,” said zonal commander Sanjayji, 50, elucidating the increasing police atrocities on people who supported them. “We have not budged from our ideology. We are pro poor people. Allow us to work in a peaceful manner with the farmers and working class. We do not believe in gun power. Guns are not our political weapons. It is for self-defence. We are fighting a political battle,” he added. Maoists are distributing pamphlets among villagers urging them to raise their voices to secure the release of “revolutionaries, who have been arrested unarmed from bus stops, railway stations, markets, hospitals, homes, marriage functions, even temples and are languishing in jails for years”. Some of them, the rebels alleged, were in their seventies and battling old-age related diseases behind bars. “Look at the paradox, actor Sanjay Dutt, convicted for terror charges, gets successive paroles but 63-year-old Kobad Ghandy, without a single conviction and battling cancer along with heart conditions, fails to get bail,” he said. Sanjayji also thanked the Doon School Old Boys’ Society for supporting Ghandy’s release. “If Ghandy is anti-national, why haven’t such charges been leveled against the MPs who threw chairs and sprayed pepper in Parliament, bringing disrepute to the country, globally,” asked another rebel leader, Deenbandhu. http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/maoists-call-for-favourable-atmosphere-for-talks/article1-1197907.aspx More Security Forces in Maoist Hit Areas Director General of Police (DGP) Prakash Mishra accompanied by senior police officers on Thursday reviewed security arrangements of western range police at its headquarters in Rourkela for the elections on April 10 and 17. Mishra said police stations along border and the areas hit by Left Wing Extremists (LWEs) would be given special attention during elections. In remaining areas, adequate police deployment would be made to maintain law and order. The Maoist infested border areas of Rourkela police district and those of Jharkhand, where six companies of CRPF are deployed, would get additional three companies of Jharkhand Armed Police (JAP) on poll duty on April 10. The border pockets of Sundargarh police district would be provided two additional companies of Central Armed Police Force(CAPF) and Keonjhar police district, which already has four companies of CRPF, would get two more companies of CAPF for second phase polls on April 17, Mishra informed. The DGP also said vulnerable polling booths in LWE-hit areas would be additionally equipped with mobile patrol parties, static surveillance squads and Special Operation Group (SOG) personnel. Mishra was flanked by Special DGP (Headquarters) Sanjeev Mareek, Additional DG (Law and Order) Bijayanand Jha, IGP (Modernisation) Sanjeev Panda, IGP (Operation) Soumendra Priyadarshi and IGP (Western Range) RK Sharma at the meeting. Rourkela SP Amitendra Nath Sinha and his Sundargarh and Keonjhar counterparts also attended the review meeting. Later in the day, the DGP left for similar exercises in Sambalpur and Talcher. Sambalpur: Addressing mediapersons here after reviewing poll preparedness in police districts under northern and north central ranges, Mishra said their prime objective was to provide security to voters and contesting candidates. He informed that 50 companies of additional security forces will join the existing forces in the State for the conduct of free and fair elections. After deployment in different areas during the first phase of elections, the forces will be moved to areas where the second phase poll will be held. http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/More-Security-Forces-in-Maoist-Hit-Areas/2014/03/21/article2121630.ece#.UyxP9pK77yw Police destroy Maoist camp, seize arms and ammunitions in Odisha Gajapati, March 21 (ANI): Following tip offs from rebels under police custody, the police in Gajapati district of Odisha destroyed a Maoist camp and seized a huge cache of arms, ammunitions and explosives. The police initiated a raid in Maoist hideouts in the forests of Salimagochha and Therubadi in Gajapati district after receiving primary information from three female Maoists under custody, Nikita, Anita and Susan who were arrested from a camp on February 28. Police seized three rifles, a tiffin bomb, two magazines and more than 160 rounds of live cartridges. http://www.aninews.in/videogallery2/21550-police-destroy-maoist-camp-seize-arms-and-ammunitions-in-odisha.html
  14. Thapa rules out unity with UCPN-Maoist ROLPA: CPN-Maoist General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa today ruled out the possibility of his party unifying with the UCPN-Maoist. “Since the UCPN-Maoist has deviated ideologically, unity with them is not possible,” Thapa told a press conference in Rolpa headquarters Libang. Stating that UCPN-M had ditched people’s revolution in its Hetauda conference, Thapa reiterated that party unity with the UCPN-Maoist was not possible. Thapa accused UCPN-M of being mired in opportunism and conspiracy. “To say that people’s revolution has come to an end is flawed,” he added. Thapa held that talk of local polls was a conspiracy against federalism. “It is erroneous to hold polls without federalising the country,” he said, adding, the Constituent Assembly would not be able to deliver a new constitution. http://www.thehimalayantimes.com/fullNews.php?headline=Thapa+rules+out+unity+with+UCPN-Maoist&NewsID=409297 33-party alliance to protest price hikes KATHMANDU: The 33-party alliance led by the CPN-Maoist today announced its protest plan against the government’s decision to increase the prices of commodities, including those of petroleum products. Though the government decided to revoke its decision after pressure from different quarters, with parliamentarians halting House proceedings, the 33-party alliance have announced its protest plan demanding withdrawal of the decision to hike prices of other commodities too. Asked what the alliance would do if their demand is not met, the coordinator of the 33-party alliance, Dev Gurung, said their protest would continue till the government rolls back its decision to hike prices of other commodities. He, however, said the meeting of the alliance would make necessary adjustment in the protest plans if they deem it necessary. As per the plan, the alliance has decided to hold demonstrations and protest meetings in different cities of the country. In Kathmandu, the alliance has decided to hold demonstration and protest meetings at Shanti Batika tomorrow afternoon. Similarly, the meeting of the alliance held today at the party headquarters of the CPN-M also decided to hold an hourlong sit-in protest at Bhadrakali and in front of the district administration offices across the country. The alliance has been saying price hikes of commodities have affected the general public. http://www.thehimalayantimes.com/fullNews.php?headline=33-party+alliance+to+protest+price+hikes&NewsID=409284
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